Zoekresultaat: 130 artikelen

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Jaar 2014 x

Annemieke Wolthuis
Annemieke Wolthuis is senior-onderzoeker bij het Verwey-Jonker Instituut, vicevoorzitter van het European Forum for Restorative Justice en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.

Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is als docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan de Radboud Universiteit in Nijmegen. www.basvanstokkom.nl.
Artikel

Peacemaking circles

Een onderzoek naar de mogelijke implementatie in Europa

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Peacemaking circles, implementation in Europe, community, inclusion, equality
Auteurs Davy Dhondt en Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this short paper, a summarising report is presented on a two years action-research project (2011-2013) co-funded by the European Union on how to conceive and implement peacemaking circles in a European legal and cultural environment. In a first part of the paper, the background and reasons for implementing peacemaking circles are explained, and attention is given to their added value as compared to the models of victim-offender mediation and conferencing. After a short presentation of the action-research set-up in three countries (Belgium, Germany and Hungary), a selective list of critical issues is discussed as they have been experienced during the project: the selection of files and the preparatory phase of a peacemaking circle, the running of the circle meeting and the meaning of some of its operational principles (the role of the circle keeper, the function of rituals, the talking piece, the decision making process, …). Also the involvement of the community at its different levels - from the community of care to the macro-community - is discussed, as well as how the direct conflict parties experience the presence of these communities. A general conclusion is that a model of peacemaking circles can be implemented in a European context effectively, but developing a methodology on how to involve members of the wider community remains a challenge.


Davy Dhondt
Davy Dhondt is bemiddelaar bij Suggnome, Forum voor herstelrecht en bemiddeling, www.suggnome.be.

Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is hoogleraar Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Restorative Transformative Learning en Partnergeweld

Van ‘herstellen’ naar ‘herstellend transformeren’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden intimate partner violence, restorative justice, transformative learning, meaning perspectives, restorative transformative learning
Auteurs Dana Weistra en Anthony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Many articles have dealt with the question why restorative justice in cases of intimate partner violence (IPV) may or may not be appropriate. Seeing however as a punitive approach towards IPV is rapidly losing popularity as an effective way of dealing with this complex type of violence, as well as the outcomes of a recent study by the European Agency for Fundamental Rights (2014) – where 25% of the Dutch women that were surveyed indicated they had experienced violence by an intimate partner – restorative justice may be a promising alternative after all.
    Instead of adding to the debate, the current article focuses on how restorative justice can be constructed to be appropriate for IPV cases, and is explorative in nature. In order to do so, the theory behind transformative learning is combined with restorative justice practices, shifting the focus from ‘restoration’ to ‘restorative transformation’. Such a restorative transformative learning approach focuses on transforming violent meaning perspectives that dictate the use or toleration of violence. Instead of trying to restore the individual back to the state they were in before the violence took place – as ‘restoration’ traditionally implies – the goal of restorative transformative learning is to restore the individual back to a state before a violent meaning perspective was acquired. The transformation of violent meaning perspectives is therefore the prerequisite for restoration.
    The method that is introduced in this article offers a practical framework and guidelines to achieve such a transformation. It answers to the complexity of IPV cases by focusing on the entire family system, while leaving room for individual restoration. In doing so, restorative transformative learning may possibly open the way to the acceptance of restorative justice in the field of IPV.


Dana Weistra
Dana Weistra studeerde in 2014 af aan de Universiteit van Tilburg op het onderwerp restorative justice and intimate partner violence en heeft stage gelopen bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg op het project Mediation naast strafrecht. Momenteel is zij werkzaam als junior onderzoeker en beleidsmedewerker bij Slachtofferhulp Nederland.

Anthony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is hoogleraar Victimologie bij Intervict in Tilburg. Hij is tevens redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Prevalentie van ernstige misdrijven bij slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden seriousness, offenses, mediation, range of cases, outcome
Auteurs Wendy Schreurs, Sven Zebel en Elze Ufkes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A debate exists in the literature about the question whether (different forms of) mediated contact between victims and offenders occur and are appropriate only after minor offenses. This contribution therefore examines whether a relationship exists between the seriousness of offenses and the degree to which in practice cases result in mediated contact, in the Dutch context. More specifically, we report the first findings of a study aimed to (a) examine the seriousness of cases that were registered at the foundation Slachtoffer in Beeld (Victim in Focus; responsible for the execution of mediated contacts between victims and offenders in the Netherlands), and (b) compare the seriousness of cases at this foundation that resulted in different forms of mediated contact (including cases in which no contact emerged). To this end, we sampled 200 cases from the data system of Victim in Focus in a random manner; consequently, the seriousness of each of these cases was coded. The mean duration of incarceration sentenced for specific offenses in the Netherlands was used as an (as objective as possible) indication of the seriousness of the offenses in these cases. The results indicated that the cases registered at Victim in Focus do not consist exclusively of minor offenses. A substantial part consists of more serious offenses, especially when this is compared to the prevalence of all (minor and serious) offenses in the Netherlands. In addition, we observed no relationship between the seriousness of cases and the form of mediated contact (or no contact) that emerged at Victim in Focus; mediated contact arose to the same degree for serious compared to minor offenses. The implications of these results for the debate mentioned above are discussed, taking into account the manner in which victim-offender mediation is organized in the Netherlands.


Wendy Schreurs
Wendy Schreurs is afgestudeerd aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid aan de Universiteit Twente, op onderzoek naar de ontwikkeling van een ernstmonitor in de context van slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling. Ze werkt nu als PhD student op een project over de inzet van burgers bij politiewerk en interventies om die inzet te verbeteren.

Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente. Hij houdt zich bezig met de psychologische reacties op wangedrag, conflicten en misdrijven, en de impact van interventies die trachten te herstellen en de kans op recidive te verkleinen (e.g. bemiddeling, reclasseringstoezicht, toekomstverbeelding).

Elze Ufkes
Elze Ufkes is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid aan de Universiteit Twente. Hij richt zich in zijn onderzoek op hoe groepsprocessen zoals groepslidmaatschap en stereotypering conflictgedrag van mensen beïnvloedt.
Casus

Naar een beschaafder delictenrecht

Een impressie van het seminar ‘Civilising Criminal Justice’, 14 oktober 2014, Rotterdam, Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Suzanne Jansen
Auteursinformatie

Suzanne Jansen
Suzanne Jansen is jurist bij het Schadefonds geweldmisdrijven en medeauteur van het boek Mediation in strafzaken.

Janny Dierx
Janny Dierx is mediator en zelfstandig onderzoeker. Zij coördineert de Stichting Mediation in Strafzaken en is redacteur van dit tijdschrift.

Maartje Berger
Maartje Berger is als specialist jeugdstrafrecht werkzaam bij Defence for Children International.
Boekbespreking

Criminologie en strafrechtsbedeling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg en Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
Auteursinformatie

Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. M.B. Schuilenburg is opgeleid als filosoof en jurist en is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. R. van Swaaningen was promovendus van Cyrille Fijnaut en is als hoogleraar internationaal comparatieve criminologie verbonden aan de Erasmus School of Law.
Artikel

Waar zijn toch al die ondeugende kinderen gebleven?

Diagnose en behandeling van ADHD ter voorkoming van ernstig en gewelddadig crimineel gedrag

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Prof. dr. Willem de Haan
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Willem de Haan
Prof. dr. W.J.M. de Haan is senior research fellow bij de Afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Redactioneel

Criminologie en opsporing

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden criminal investigation, investigative practices, police and security services
Auteurs Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans, Dr. Christianne de Poot en Dr. Antoinette Verhage
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminologists have devoted surprisingly little attention to criminal investigation issues. This is understandable given the difficulties faced when performing empirical research into this subject. Getting access to confidential data from police and security services and disclosing such findings in scientific publications remains a challenge.
    However, knowledge about investigative practices and their effects is essential for current debates about the legitimacy of new investigative methods and related privacy violations. This special issue contains contributions from authors who were able to connect research and science with criminal investigation practices. The contributions concern relevant topics, such as interrogation methods, social network analysis in criminal investigations, investigation of terrorist activities, sexual offenses, and private investigations. With these contributions, this special issue illustrates how empirical research into criminal investigation practices can be executed, and what new insights this provides.


Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans
Prof. dr. E.R. Kleemans is hoogleraar Zware Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Christianne de Poot
Dr. C.J. de Poot is senior onderzoeker bij het WODC en tevens lector Forensisch Onderzoek bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam en de Politieacademie.

Dr. Antoinette Verhage
Dr. A.H.S. Verhage is postdoc onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Gent, en directeur van de research unit Urban Crime & Policing (UGent).
Artikel

Over pragmatisme en strategie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden corporate security, private investigations, private settlements, forum shopping
Auteurs Clarissa Meerts MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article data derived from observations and interviews are used to examine private methods of investigation as used by corporate security providers in the Netherlands, and the private settlement options which follow those investigations. It is argued that, rather than leadership being exercised by public actors and institutions (police, prosecutors, criminal courts and also civil courts), those actors are selectively and strategically mobilised by corporate security, on behalf of their private sector clients. Corporate security and its clients have a ‘pick and choose’ approach when searching for an optimal solution for the incident at hand (forum shopping).


Clarissa Meerts MSc
C.A. Meerts, MSc is promovenda en wetenschappelijk docent bij de Sectie Criminologie aan de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De diagnostische waarde van bewijs

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Bayesian analysis, Diagnostic value, Evidence evaluation, Alternative scenarios
Auteurs Prof. mr. dr. Eric Rassin
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Traditionally, the Dutch penal judge needs to determine whether the suspect has committed the crime for which he is being prosecuted. This is generally done by accumulating incriminating evidence. Recently, it has been argued that this accumulation fosters the risk of a miscarriage of justice. Alternatively, the judge may want to rely on a Bayesians analysis of the evidence. Particularly, diagnostic values for each piece of evidence must be established. Therefore, it must be investigated how well the evidence fits in the primary and in alternative scenarios. This approach is discussed in this contribution.


Prof. mr. dr. Eric Rassin
Prof. mr. dr. Eric Rassin is werkzaam bij de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Kinderpornorechercheurs en hun mentale weerbaarheid

Hoe rechercheurs de impact van kinderpornografiezaken ervaren en daarmee omgaan

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Drs. Henk Sollie, Dr. Nicolien Kop en Prof. dr. Martin Euwema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Eleven Teams against Child Abuse Images and Transnational Child Sex Offences (TBKKs) are operating within the Dutch National Police Force. This study provides an in-depth analysis of the resilience of criminal investigators working in these teams and how they perceive and cope with daily work stressors. Observational studies within five TBKKs and 35 semi-structured interviews with child pornography investigators revealed that managing their heavy caseloads, classifying abusive images, dealing with suspects and conducting home searches can sometimes be (very) challenging. Despite these demanding work aspects, investigators experience low levels of stress. By employing emotional detachment, self-reflection, workload regulation, social support and meaningfulness, they overcome the stress of investigating internet child exploitation. However, successful implementation of these resilience-enhancing strategies depends on the availability of several individual and organizational resources. To reduce the risk of health problems and to stimulate positive functioning, these resources require permanent investment from police management and investigators themselves.


Drs. Henk Sollie
Drs. H. Sollie is promovendus ‘Mentale Weerbaarheid binnen de Opsporing’ bij de Nederlandse Politieacademie.

Dr. Nicolien Kop
Dr. N. Kop is lector Criminaliteitsbeheersing & Recherchekunde bij de Nederlandse Politieacademie.

Prof. dr. Martin Euwema
Prof. dr. M.C. Euwema is hoogleraar Organisatiepsychologie, KU Leuven.
Artikel

Mediëren verhoortechnieken de verandering in verklaringsbereidheid van verdachten?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden effectiveness of interrogations, interrogation tactics, suspects’ statement, Structural Equation Modeling
Auteurs Dr. Willem-Jan Verhoeven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study aims to provide more knowledge on the extent to which criminal investigators are able to influence suspects’ statement. For this purpose, 166 observed interrogations covering the whole interrogation were analyzed. Based on these longitudinal data Structural Equation Modeling was used to examine the extent to which interrogation tactics mediate the changing statement between the start and the end of the interrogation. The results show that particularly suspects who give a statement on personal affairs at the beginning of the interrogation change their statement. Manipulating techniques are used more often when suspects are silent and confrontational techniques are used more often when suspects declare about the crime. Only confrontational techniques seem to contribute to changes in suspects’ statement. Accusatory interrogation tactics do not mediate the relationship between the statement given at the beginning of the interrogation and the change in statement. It can be concluded that suspects who are silent at the beginning of the interrogation or who declare about the crime in most cases don’t change their statement and that with using accusatory interrogation techniques criminal investigators seem to be unable to influence their statement.


Dr. Willem-Jan Verhoeven
Dr. W.J. Verhoeven is universitair docent criminologie bij de sectie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De brug tussen wetenschap en opsporingspraktijk

Onderzoek naar de toepassing van sociale netwerkanalyse in de opsporing

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden social network analysis (SNA), big data, criminal investigation, intelligence
Auteurs Drs. Paul Duijn en Dr. Peter Klerks
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Social network analysis (SNA) has taken its place in the field of criminology, although among Dutch criminologists the emphasis remains on conceptual contributions. Meanwhile, the world of criminal investigation and intelligence has witnessed the development of a blossoming SNA-practice. The emergence of big data makes SNA an indispensable tool to exploit the oceans of data in a meaningful way. Unfortunately, when it comes to employing SNA, academia and the investigations and intelligence domains remain separated. While Dutch analysts adopt scientific ideas and concepts, they rarely contribute to the body of literature; confidential SNA reports remain inaccessible. Shedding light on over forty SNA related internal police studies, this article bridges the gap between Dutch academic criminologists and ‘pracademics’ in law enforcement.


Drs. Paul Duijn
Drs. P.A.C. Duijn is als strategisch analist werkzaam binnen de eenheid Den Haag van de Nationale Politie en is als docent verbonden aan de Politieacademie.

Dr. Peter Klerks
Dr. P.P.H.M. Klerks werkt als raadadviseur bij het Parket-Generaal van het Openbaar Ministerie en is als docent verbonden aan de Politieacademie.
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