Zoekresultaat: 5 artikelen

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Jaar 2010 x
Artikel

Gemeenten en de strijd tegen de georganiseerde misdaad

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden georganiseerde criminaliteit, bestuurlijke aanpak, BIBOB, gemeenten, evaluatieonderzoek
Auteurs Wim Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Municipalities play an increasingly important role in the fight against organized crime. Following Italian and New York examples, the Netherlands have developed several instruments for an administrative approach to organized crime. This article describes these instruments on a local and a national level and discusses its theoretical foundations. A critical assessment is made on the reach of this administrative approach considering the perception and nature of organized crime in the Netherlands. Further, methods for assessing the effectiveness of such an approach are discussed. Has organized crime successfully been targeted and how could this be established?


Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. Wim Huisman is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam. E-mail: w.huisman@rechten.vu.nl.

Wim Huisman
Wim Huisman is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. E-mail: w.huisman@rechten.vu.nl.
Artikel

Vrouwen en witwassen: een logische combinatie met incoherente resultaten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden vrouwen, georganiseerde misdaad, witwassen, 420bis
Auteurs Melvin Soudijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A part in Dutch penal law defines money laundering as ‘any person who acquires an object, possesses it, hands it over or sells it or makes use of an object, knowing that the object originates – directly or indirectly – from an offense’. Under object is meant any goods and any property rights. With this in mind, the author argues that whoever knows that money (the object) is derived from crime, but spends the money anyway, is committing a money laundering offense. Taking the argument one step further, it is therefore a reasonable hypothesis that a large number of wives or girlfriends of criminals, have been prosecuted for money laundering. That is, if the women knew that the money they spent was obtained through crime. To test the hypothesis, 62 cases dealing with organized crime were selected and analyzed. These cases largely focus on male perpetrators of drug crimes, money laundering, human smuggling and human trafficking. It turns out that the women often knew their male friends or husbands were involved in crime. The women also profited of these crimes because they used their friends’ expensive cars, lived in large mansions and often went shopping for luxury items. Still, hardly anyone was prosecuted for money laundering offenses. Several explanations were found, ranging from pity of officers, an overload of work, absence of direct proof or simply male chauvinist bias. Only if the women were actively involved in other crimes, would they find themselves prosecuted with (among others) money laundering offenses.


Melvin Soudijn
Melvin Soudijn is als senior wetenschappelijk onderzoeker werkzaam bij de KLPD. E-mail: Melvin.Soudijn@klpd.politie.nl.
Praktijk

De markt van misdaad

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Economische criminaliteit, literatuuroverzicht, Kosten van criminaliteit
Auteurs Dr. Frank van Tulder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Economists like to think in terms of markets, where supply and demand meet. There are, however, also ‘real’ criminal markets where either supply and demand of illegal goods or services can meet, or where perpetrators ‘receive’ a financial penalty for his/her illegal acts. This article focuses on economic research in the field of these markets, especially where it concerns victimless crimes.


Dr. Frank van Tulder
Dr. F.P. van Tulder is senior onderzoeker/adviseur bij de afdeling Ontwikkeling van de Raad voor de rechtspraak, f.van.tulder@rechtspraak.nl.
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