Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

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Jaar 2014 x
Artikel

Restorative Transformative Learning en Partnergeweld

Van ‘herstellen’ naar ‘herstellend transformeren’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden intimate partner violence, restorative justice, transformative learning, meaning perspectives, restorative transformative learning
Auteurs Dana Weistra en Anthony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Many articles have dealt with the question why restorative justice in cases of intimate partner violence (IPV) may or may not be appropriate. Seeing however as a punitive approach towards IPV is rapidly losing popularity as an effective way of dealing with this complex type of violence, as well as the outcomes of a recent study by the European Agency for Fundamental Rights (2014) – where 25% of the Dutch women that were surveyed indicated they had experienced violence by an intimate partner – restorative justice may be a promising alternative after all.
    Instead of adding to the debate, the current article focuses on how restorative justice can be constructed to be appropriate for IPV cases, and is explorative in nature. In order to do so, the theory behind transformative learning is combined with restorative justice practices, shifting the focus from ‘restoration’ to ‘restorative transformation’. Such a restorative transformative learning approach focuses on transforming violent meaning perspectives that dictate the use or toleration of violence. Instead of trying to restore the individual back to the state they were in before the violence took place – as ‘restoration’ traditionally implies – the goal of restorative transformative learning is to restore the individual back to a state before a violent meaning perspective was acquired. The transformation of violent meaning perspectives is therefore the prerequisite for restoration.
    The method that is introduced in this article offers a practical framework and guidelines to achieve such a transformation. It answers to the complexity of IPV cases by focusing on the entire family system, while leaving room for individual restoration. In doing so, restorative transformative learning may possibly open the way to the acceptance of restorative justice in the field of IPV.


Dana Weistra
Dana Weistra studeerde in 2014 af aan de Universiteit van Tilburg op het onderwerp restorative justice and intimate partner violence en heeft stage gelopen bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg op het project Mediation naast strafrecht. Momenteel is zij werkzaam als junior onderzoeker en beleidsmedewerker bij Slachtofferhulp Nederland.

Anthony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is hoogleraar Victimologie bij Intervict in Tilburg. Hij is tevens redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Boekbespreking

Criminologie en strafrechtsbedeling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg en Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
Auteursinformatie

Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. M.B. Schuilenburg is opgeleid als filosoof en jurist en is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. R. van Swaaningen was promovendus van Cyrille Fijnaut en is als hoogleraar internationaal comparatieve criminologie verbonden aan de Erasmus School of Law.
Artikel

Waar zijn toch al die ondeugende kinderen gebleven?

Diagnose en behandeling van ADHD ter voorkoming van ernstig en gewelddadig crimineel gedrag

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Auteurs Prof. dr. Willem de Haan
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Willem de Haan
Prof. dr. W.J.M. de Haan is senior research fellow bij de Afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Jihadgang naar Syrië: een wetenschappelijke benadering

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Jihad, Foreign fighters, Syria, radicalisation
Auteurs Nick Platje Msc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes a qualitative inquiry into Dutch people going to Syria for participating in Jihad. The inquiry compares theoretical findings with empirical facts, based on a content analysis and a document analysis, completed with ten depth-interviews. The results show that a combination of scientific findings on radicalisation and foreign fighters explains the jihad movement to Syria partly. The results also show that some factors, which have not recently be examined scientificly, are crucial for the character and extent of the movement towards Jihad.


Nick Platje Msc
Nick Platje (Msc) is werkzaam bij het ministerie van Defensie.
Artikel

Herstelgerichte praktijken, berouw en vergeving in het islamitische strafrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Islamic criminal law, forgiveness, Remorse
Auteurs Jacques Claessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since Islam stands for a total way of life, it also includes a vision on crime and punishment. According to several (Muslim)scholars the Sharia contains not so much a message of revenge and retribution but rather one of compassion, forgiveness and mercy. Much depends on which sections of the holy sources of Islam are read and subsequently how these sections are interpreted. However, fact is that – in the context of quite a number of criminal offences – Islamic criminal law gives room for restorative practices. These practices prove to be more beneficial with regard to the realization of remorse, forgiveness and reconciliation than the regular criminal process. Since restorative practices form an intrinsic part of (pre-modern) Islamic criminal law and since more and more initiatives are being developed nowadays to incorporate such practices in (modern) Western criminal law, it is of fundamental importance to take note of Islamic criminal law. Before focusing in this contribution on the role of restorative practices, remorse and forgiveness in Islamic criminal law, first the position of victims in criminal law under influence of Islam and Christianity will be discussed on the basis of the ideas of the Dutch victimologist Jan van Dijk. Furthermore, attention will be paid to the decline of mysticism in Islam and to the possible consequences and risks thereof – also for the role of restorative practices, remorse and forgiveness in Islamic criminal law.


Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen is redactielid van TvH.
Artikel

Professionele weerbaarheid en de politie

Naar een persoonsgerichte aanpak

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2014
Auteurs Geeske ten Wolde, Barbara Zwirs en Nelleke Kruse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The aim of the article is to analyse the correlations between social cognitive factors and behaviour that increases resilience by police officers and to assess in which way intention mediates the possible correlations. The study was based on Ajzen's theory of planned behaviour. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in which 1.799 police officers in the Netherlands completed a questionnaire. Data was also collected by organising qualitative expert meetings with police officers. The data has been analysed using linear regression. The results show that intention had the highest correlation with behaviour that increases resilience and mediates the correlations of the social cognitive factors partially. Perceived behavioural control and attitude also had a direct correlation with behaviour that increases resilience. Subjective norm had a weak correlation with behaviour. This is the first study which tested TPB for behaviour that increases resilience by police officers. Because the design of this study was cross-sectional, more research is needed to better understand the causal relations between social cognitive factors and intention with behaviour that increases resilience by police officers.


Geeske ten Wolde
Geeske ten Wolde is werkzaam voor de politie-eenheid Noord-Holland en onderzoeker bij het project ‘Versterking Professionele Weerbaarheid’.

Barbara Zwirs
Barbara Zwirs is universitair docent Criminologie aan het Instituut Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Nelleke Kruse
Nelleke Kruse was onderzoeker bij het project ‘Versterking Professionele Weerbaarheid’ van de politie-eenheid Noord-Holland.

    The economic analysis of (potential) disasters is an important method to determine the efficacy and efficiency of investments in disaster prevention and mitigation. The Dutch National Risk Assessment (NRA) provides an integrated, whole-of-government and all-hazard approach to Dutch national security. The strategy does not only intend to identify capacity gaps and define measures regarding individual threats and risks, but also to enhance capability planning and policy development concerning overall national security. The approach is multi-disciplinary and based upon scenarios which are evaluated and graded in terms of impact and likelihood according to a unified scoring method. Economic impact is one of the criteria in the NRA risk assessment methodology. This article provides a review of the (applied) scientific literature of the many economic tools and methods that have been used worldwide to estimate the (potential) impact of disasters and provides concrete applications at the micro and macro levels to Dutch cases and scenarios that were developed during the five annual cycles of the NRA's existence (2007-2011). We discuss pros and cons of applied methodologies.


Peter van Bergeijk
Peter van Bergeijk is hoogleraar Internationale economie en Macro-economie aan het International Institute of Social Studies van de Erasmus Universiteit.

Marcel Mennen
Marcel Mennen is algemeen secretaris van het Analistennetwerk Nationale Veiligheid en senior onderzoeker CBRN aan het Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu, Centrum voor Veiligheid te Bilthoven.
Artikel

Cirkels voor Ondersteuning, Samenwerking en Aanspreekbaarheid

Hoe vrijwilligers bijdragen aan preventie van zedenrecidive en herstel van binding

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden volunteering, rehabilitation, Restorative justice, Family bonds, Sex offenders
Auteurs Mechtild Höing en Audrey Alards
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    COSA (Circles of Support and Accountability) have been fully implemented and accepted in the Dutch probation organization. In COSA projects, volunteers support a former sex offender during his rehabilitation, supervised by professionals. Projects offer national coverage and until now, 42 sex offenders have been supported. International effect studies and Dutch research into effective processes offer a scientific framework, offering the theoretical and empirical underpinnings for a COSA intervention model. The normative basis of COSA is found in its specific place in restorative justice. Primarily, COSA strives for restoration of relationships within a moral and responsible community and restoration of the offender. Restoration of family bonds is an option, but needs to be well coordinated with professionals.


Mechtild Höing
Mechtild Höing is werkzaam aan de Avans Hogeschool en is docent-onderzoeker bij Expertisecentrum Veiligheid; zij onderzoekt COSA sinds 2009.

Audrey Alards
Audrey Alards is werkzaam bij Reclassering Nederland; als cirkelcoördinator is zij sinds 2009 werkzaam voor COSA.
Artikel

Het Duitse recht op nevengeschikt aanklagen

De volledige integratie van het slachtoffer in het strafproces

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden Accessory prosecution, victims, Victim lawyers, Secondary victimization, punishment
Auteurs Michael Kilchling en Helmut Kury
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the German concept of accessory prosecution (Nebenklage) is discussed. The Nebenklage was implemented in the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1877. It had merely an accessory function in conjunction with the private prosecution and the Klageerzwingungsverfahren, two legal institutions which had little practical relevance. Nowadays, in the course of the modern victim movement, the Nebenklage has radically changed into an instrument that is clearly provided as the main participatory option for victims interested in actively contributing to the trial of ‘their’ criminal. Previous research findings are outlined and the results of an explorative survey are presented. The findings suggest that the mere presence of the victim lawyer can significantly change the atmosphere in the courtroom, thus enhancing the willingness of the defence to treat the victim more respectfully.


Michael Kilchling
Michael Kilchling is criminoloog en is werkzaam aan het Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Strafrecht in Freiburg (Duitsland), en is daarnaast voorzitter van het European Forum for Restorative Justice.

Helmut Kury
Helmut Kury was hoogleraar psychologie en criminologie en was onder andere verbonden aan het Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Strafrecht in Freiburg (Duitsland).
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