Zoekresultaat: 4 artikelen

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Jaar 2015 x
Artikel

Minderjarige slachtoffers in herstelbemiddeling: positie en ervaringen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden jeugdige slachtoffers, Herstelbemiddeling, Participatie, Inspraak
Auteurs Eline Renders BA en Inge Vanfraechem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article studies the position of young victims in restorative justice and mediation. First we study the literature, which shows that although young victims may have specific needs, their position within restorative justice remains underexposed. Therefore, we have set up a small explorative study in the beginning of 2015. Through nine interviews with young victims who have gone through a mediation process in Flanders, we sought to answer three central questions. The article discusses whether these victims were satisfied with the mediation process, whether they could have a say in the process and what the importance was of having support persons throughout the mediation process.
    We found that the participation of the parents does influence the mediation process, since the parents are the main support persons for the young victim. Other support people are seldom present in the process, although some victims wanted the school or a friend to participate. Most of the young victims found they had a say in the process, but the presence of the parents could be an impediment in that regard. Young victims interviewed were generally satisfied with the mediator and mediation process, but not always with the outcome of the mediation. Ensuring that these young victims really get a say in the process proved to be a point of attention for practice.


Eline Renders BA
Eline Renders is BA in sociaal werk (KH Leuven) en MA in Criminologie (KU Leuven) en schreef haar thesis aangaande herstelbemiddeling en minderjarige slachtoffers. Ze deed haar stage bij de Bemiddelingsdienst van het Arrondissement Leuven.

Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is senior onderzoeker aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

De ervaren mogelijkheden om te re-integreren vanuit detentie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0304 2015
Trefwoorden Prison life, staff-prisoner relationships, correctional officers, rehabilitation, survey
Auteurs Toon Molleman en Karin Lasthuizen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we examine which factors are correlated to the rehabilitation of prisoners. Central is the prisoners’ willingness during their imprisonment to work on a successful return in society. Assumptions derived from the theory were statistically tested with data from the Dutch Detainee Survey 2014; a large-scale study, in which prisoners held in all Dutch penitentiary institutions (N = 29) were surveyed (n = 2120). The results are in line with the theory and show that detainees are more positive about their (potential for) rehabilitation when they are more satisfied with a) the way they are treated by correctional officers (staff orientation); b) active deployment of the so-called Detention and Re-integration Plan; c) their daily program and activities, and; d) the experienced autonomy and personal decision-making. These outcomes offer fruitful perspectives on how the prison system can promote a successful return of prisoners in our society.


Toon Molleman
Toon Molleman is strategisch management adviseur bij de divisie gevangeniswezen en vreemdelingenbewaring van de Dienst Justitiële Inrichtingen.

Karin Lasthuizen
Karin Lasthuizen is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Trends in perceptie van criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden fear of crime, risk perception
Auteurs Marnix Eysink Smeets en Dr. Ben Vollaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Some overestimation of crime risk is likely, but that does not mean that risk perceptions are not adjusted in line with changes in actual crime risk. Based on time series data, we show that crime risk perceptions are strongly related to rates of victimization. The conventional wisdom that the drop in crime since the 1990s did not result in an adjustment in risk perceptions can be easily refuted. The much discussed crime drop goes together with a much less discussed fear drop.


Marnix Eysink Smeets
M. Eysink Smeets is Lector Public Reassurance aan de Hogeschool Inholland.

Dr. Ben Vollaard
Dr. B.A. Vollaard is universitair docent economie aan de Universiteit Tilburg.
Artikel

Positieve veiligheid. Een theoretische analyse van een omstreden begrip

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Positieve veiligheid, geschiedenis, begripsanalyse, kritiek, ethiek
Auteurs Gerben Bakker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The concept of positive security appears more and more often in academic and public discussions. It presents a normative agenda for a non-repressive approach of security. In the article, it is claimed that the concept and its implications lack fundamental clarity. First of all, it is illustrated that the meaning of positive security primarily develops on the renouncement of negative security. Second, a historical comparison between the discipline of international relations and criminology discloses that different meanings have been assigned to positive security that seem at times at odds with each other. These frictions substantiate the view that it is problematic to accept positive security as an unequivocal recipe for change. Finally, the consequences of the disseminated structure of meaning are discussed in relation to the ambition of reform that positive security represents. For example, advocates of positive security do not seem eager to commit themselves to very clear normative views. This makes it difficult to really pin down what the suggested changes underlying positive security, are truly implying. Moreover, positive security invites us to extend the horizon of security politics to include various kinds of positive needs and values. But doesn’t this take us back to the initial criticism that the reach of the security concept has extended too much, covering virtually every aspect of life?


Gerben Bakker
Gerben Bakker is docent Integrale Veiligheidskunde aan de Haagse Hogeschool en promovendus aan de Erasmus Universiteit (vakgroep Filosofie van Mens en Cultuur).
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