Zoekresultaat: 9 artikelen

x
Jaar 2012 x

Robby Roks
Robby Roks is als promovendus verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam. E-mail: roks@law.eur.nl
Redactioneel

Boevenbiografieën

Een inleiding op dit themanummer

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden biography, convict criminology, narrative method, disqualified knowledge
Auteurs Frank van Gemert en René van Swaaningen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Biographies of ‘criminals’ are an immensely popular genre. As ‘true crime’ stories they are generally found on the shelves of fiction literature. In this article the authors examine their cultural criminological significance. First, they examine what makes a ‘good’ biography, analyse how biographical material is used in the work of people like Robert Park and his Chicago School, Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu and indeed historians. Then the authors list different traditions of criminal biographies. They conclude by arguing that ‘good biographies’, i.e. biographies that are both sufficiently emic and offer enough context information, have a lot to offer, because they show ‘the other side’ of criminology, provide information that cannot be obtained through strictly scientific methods and counter the reductionist images prevailing in the discipline.


Frank van Gemert
Dr. Frank van Gemert is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: f.vangemert@rechten.vu.nl.

René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen is hoogleraar internationale en comparatieve criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, directeur van de Erasmus Graduate School of Law en voorzitter van de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Criminologie (NVK). E-mail: vanswaaningen@law.eur.nl.
Artikel

De pose

Boevenbiografie tussen structuur en interactie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden biography, structure, symbolic interactionism, presentation of self
Auteurs Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In biographies a structure perspective is common to place the key person in a context of time and place. Apart from opportunities and obstacles, also cultural frames for interpretation vary with context. In this article a second, interaction perspective is added. This can best be applied if the key person cooperates in the research and if an emic approach is used. A recent life history of Jan Hoolwerf demonstrates how the key person comes to various presentations of self that can be understood as poses that fit specific settings.


Frank van Gemert
Dr. Frank van Gemert is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: f.vangemert@rechten.vu.nl.
Artikel

Met biografieën een beter begrip van witteboordencriminaliteit?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden white-collar crime, corporate crime, biographies, case studies
Auteurs Wim Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The central question of this article is whether biographies can be a source for criminological research on white-collar crime and how they can contribute to the explanation of white-collar crime. To answer this question, 35 Dutch biographies were studied. Following the legal ambiguities of white-collar crime, not all of these biographies are about criminal offences. And following the dominant anthropomorphic approach to corporate crime, some of these are corporate biographies. Many biographies confirm current criminological explanations of the causation of white-collar crime. Yet, biographies also offer additional insights, for instance about the causal relevance of the private life of white-collar offenders.


Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. Wim Huisman is hoogleraar bij de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: w.huisman@vu.nl.

Fiore Geelhoed
Dr. Fiore Geelhoed is docent bij de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: f.geelhoed@vu.nl.
Artikel

Kerend tij

Criminalisering van de kraakbeweging

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden criminalizing, squatters, social movement, frames
Auteurs Dr. Frank van Gemert, Deanna Dadusc MSc en Rutger Visser MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In October 2010 squatting in the Netherlands was prohibited by law. This timing seems strange, because, in the 80s, the squatters’ movement had its heyday, with many very violent confrontations with police. Isn’t it strange that squatting is prohibited now the movement has shrunk and lost much of its significance? We investigate this criminalization of squatting by describing the rise and decline of the movement similar to the turning tide. Based on literature, media reports and our own research data, we demonstrate that the power of the parties in this process is reflected by frames, reasoning and the language they use, and by their position in the media.


Dr. Frank van Gemert
Dr. F.H.M. van Gemert is universitair docent bij de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit.

Deanna Dadusc MSc
D. Dadusc, MSc is als promovenda verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht en aan de University of Kent (VK).

Rutger Visser MSc
R. Visser, MSc is criminoloog en verbonden aan de faculteit sociale wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit.
Artikel

Crimineel gedrag in de jongvolwassenheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden developmental and life course criminology, emerging adulthood, criminal careers
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Arjan Blokland, Dr. Hanneke Palmen en Dr. Marion van San
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Much of developmental and life course criminological research addresses either the onset and escalation of antisocial behavior in childhood and adolescence, or the desistance from crime during the adult years. Far less attention has been paid to the years in which adolescents first make the transition to adulthood. Over the last 50 years due to increased educational demands this transition period has become prolonged and increasingly deinstitutionalized, resulting in a new life stage denoted as the emerging adult period. This introductory paper describes the ways in which this newly formed life stage between ages 18 and 28 is relevant for criminology, questions our knowledge on criminal career development during this period and explores new research avenues that may contribute to a full-fledged criminology of the emerging adulthood.


Prof. dr. mr. Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. mr. A.A.J. Blokland is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en hoogleraar Criminology and Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Hanneke Palmen
Dr. H. Palmen is postdoc bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Dr. Marion van San
Dr. M. van San is senior onderzoeker bij RISBO (Erasmus Universiteit) en wetenschappelijk docent aan de faculteit der sociale wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit.
Artikel

Mores leren of moeilijk zijn

Groepsprocessen en delinquent gedrag onder studenten en ‘Marokkaanse’ jongens

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden group dynamics, peer pressure, delinquent behavior, students, ethnic youth
Auteurs Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article deals with group dynamic processes. In particular it deals with behavioral adaptation. A theory will be presented about the group dynamic processes in which behavioral adaptation takes place. This theory will be used to analyze the delinquent behavior of a group of students. At the end of the article the group dynamic processes of the students will be contrasted with those of a group that seems to be very different, namely a group of ‘Moroccan’ street boys from Amsterdam. Differences become most visible in the reaction of the social environment towards the group behavior and the response of the group itself to this reaction. ‘Moroccan’ street boys respond to the negative reaction of the society with secondary deviance. They are caught up in a vicious circle of group dynamics from which the students manage to escape.


Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
Dr. J.D.A. de Jong is universitair docent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, faculteit der rechtsgeleerdheid, Afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie, j.d.a.de.jong@vu.nl.
Interface Showing Amount
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment drie verschillende filters: tijdschrift, rubriek en jaar.