Zoekresultaat: 7 artikelen

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Jaar 2010 x
Artikel

Sneeuwwitje en de machoman

Sekse en gender in de (Nederlandstalige) criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden gender, Feminisme, criminologische theorie
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf, Dr. Martina Althoff en Prof. Els Enhus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This special issue focuses on the role of sex/gender in Dutch and Belgian criminological and penological research and theory. This introductory article draws the history of thought and research within Dutch-language criminology and explores international developments, in particular the influence of feminist critique on theory and research.This framework serves the positioning of the other contributions, on the one hand research exploring the differences in crime between men and women and on the other hand empirical and theoretical articles focusing on (the social construction of) gender. Finally some innovative methodological findings will be discussed, also with regard to future criminological research.


Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf
Prof. dr. D.J. Korf is bijzonder hoogleraar criminologie en directeur van het Bonger Instituut, faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit van Amsterdam, d.j.korf@uva.nl.

Dr. Martina Althoff
Dr. M. Althoff is universitair docent criminologie, vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, m.althoff@rug.nl.

Prof. Els Enhus
Prof. E. Enhus is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de vakgroep Criminologie, Interuniversitaire Onderzoeksgroep Sociale Veiligheidsanalyse (SVA), faculteit Recht en Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, els.enhus@vub.ac.be.
Artikel

Sekse en straftoemeting

Een experiment

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden Gender, Experiment, Straftoemeting
Auteurs Catrien Bijleveld en Henk Elffers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over 700 students judged fictitious descriptions of court cases, in which the gender of the offender was systematically varied, as well as a number of aspects pertinent to theories that explain disparities in sentencing between females and males. The results show that females indeed received shorter sentences than males, and that this difference could be attributed to the fact that male student-judges gave women shorter sentences and differential sentencing for violent crimes. We found mixed support for the chivalry as well as for the perceptual shorthand theory. More research is needed, in more realistic settings, to explain gender differences in sentencing.


Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. C.C.J.H. Bijleveld is senior onderzoeker aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving en hoogleraar aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam, cbijleveld@nscr.nl.

Henk Elffers
Prof. dr. H. Elffers is hoogleraar empirische bestudering van de strafrechtpleging, afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, en senior onderzoeker aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) te Amsterdam, helffers@nscr.nl.
Artikel

Versnipperde regie

De positie van de gemeente in een lokaal veiligheidsnetwerk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden gemeentelijke regiefunctie, veiligheidsnetwerk, netwerkanalyse, doorzettingsmacht, centraliteit
Auteurs Jolijn Broekhuizen, Ronald van Steden en Hans Boutellier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The coordination in public safety has been assigned to the municipality. The central question in this article is whether the municipality is equipped to fulfil this task successfully. In this study we investigated a metropolitan security network against drug and alcohol nuisance. Questionnaires were administered among 36 organisations dealing with these nuisance problems. The social network analysis shows that the municipality is predominant in the security network. On the other hand there are several other organisations, such as the Police, health organisations and Housing Associations, that also take up a central position in the network. We also found that the municipality’s informal network is less well developed than its formal network. In contrast, the Police and several local health organisations often liaise informally with other organisations that ‘fight’ drug and alcohol nuisance within the network. Quite a number of organisations are in the position to obtain important information and to exert influence when organisations are unwilling to cooperate. Consequently, several organisations other than the municipality are suited to successfully complete the coordination in a security network.


Jolijn Broekhuizen
Drs. Jolijn Broekhuizen is senior onderzoeker bij de Dienst Onderzoek en Statistiek van de gemeente Amsterdam. E-mail: j.broekhuizen@os.amsterdam.nl.

Ronald van Steden
Dr. Ronald van Steden is als universitair docent verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen van de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit. E-mail: r.van.steden@fsw.vu.nl.

Hans Boutellier
Prof. dr. Hans Boutellier is algemeen directeur van het Verwey-Jonker Instituut en hoogleraar Veiligheid & Burgerschap aan de Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam. E-mail: jcj.boutellier@fsw.vu.nl.
Artikel

Bestraffing van cocaïnesmokkelaars

Richtlijnen, rechters, rechtbanken en de persoon van de dader

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden straftoemetingsrichtlijnen, cocaïnesmokkel, rechters, Schiphol
Auteurs mr. dr. Miranda Boone en Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the number of cocaine traffickers arrested at Schiphol International Airport peaked in 2003. In May 2003, sentencing guidelines regarding cocaine traffickers were redefined into a smaller number of categories (wider quantity ranges, less specified offender categories) with lower sentences than before. New guidelines allowed criminal courts more flexibility, and judges were expected to sentence cocaine traffickers more often than before in accordance with guidelines. All cases, at all four applicable criminal courts, against cocaine traffickers that had been arrested at Schiphol in 2003 were analyzed (877 simple court and 994 full court cases). In between 30 and 40 percent of cases sentences were not according to the guidelines (mostly lower), and even more frequently than before the new guidelines had been introduced. Experience as a judge (number of years) was not associated with keeping up with guidelines, but male judges sentenced suspects more often than female judges in discordance with guidelines (and consequently below guidelines). In line with American literature, personal characteristics of suspects appeared strong predictors of the extent judges conformed to sentencing guidelines. Female offenders were twice as often as male offenders sentenced lower than the guidelines. The same result was found for offenders born or living in the Netherlands, versus migrants and offenders living abroad.


mr. dr. Miranda Boone
Mr. dr. M. Boone is Universitair hoofddocent strafrecht en criminologie aan de Universiteit Utrecht, m.m.boone@uu.nl.

Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf
Prof. dr. D.J. Korf is bijzonder hoogleraar criminologie en directeur van het Bonger Instituut, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit van Amsterdam, d.j.korf@uva.nl.
Artikel

De lokale voorzorgcultuur

Over de steeds verder naar voren werkende overheid in de aanpak van sociale onveiligheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden voorzorgcultuur, voorzorgprincipe, veiligheidsbeleid, preventie
Auteurs Ruth Prins en Hans Boutellier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public safety governance has been characterised in many ways. Literature mentions traditional sanctions for purposes of repression, policy programs aiming for prevention, as well as cooperation of public, private and hybrid organizations in addressing public safety problems. Very recently, a so called culture of precaution, in which problems of public safety are to be addressed at a very early – premature – stage, would have entered the scene. This potential culture of precaution is topic of this article. The article aims to indicate the empirical manifestations of a culture of precaution, as mentioned in literature, in contemporary public safety governance. The central question is as follows: to what extent and in what way is contemporary public safety governance on municipality level characterised by the precautionary principle? Five municipalities within the police region of Utrecht, varying in size from 40.000 to 300.000 citizens, have been studied; Amersfoort, Bunschoten, Utrecht, Woerden and Zeist. In total 153 measures addressing problems of public safety have been analyzed for characteristics of precaution. In order to do so, a model has been developed which locates precaution next to traditional strategies for addressing public safety. It will be demonstrated that a culture of precaution is not empirically present in public safety governance on municipality level. However, contemporary public safety governance does appear to posses some minor characteristics of the precaution paradigm.


Ruth Prins
Ruth Prins is promovendus Burgemeester en Veiligheid, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. E-mail: prins@fsw.eur.nl.

Hans Boutellier
Hans Boutellier is algemeen directeur van het Verwey-Jonker Instituut en hoogleraar Veiligheid & Burgerschap aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. E-mail: jcj.boutellier@fsw.vu.nl.
Artikel

Criminaliteit, migratie en etniciteit

Nieuwe richtingen binnen een complex en beladen onderzoeksterrein

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden migratie, Criminaliteit en etniciteit, Nederland, België
Auteurs Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun, Dr. Mariska Kromhout, Dr. Marleen Easton e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this thematic issue various angles of crime and migration are addressed. This introductory article focuses on differences in the debate and research on crime and migration in the Netherlands and Belgium. According to the authors (and editors of this issue) both sound research and a critical debate is needed in order to prevent rash conclusions which might exclude large groups of immigrants, asylum seekers and others. This special issue demonstrates the diversity of the relations between migration and crime and the various angles from which these can be studied.


Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. J.P. van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden, j.p.vanderleun@law.leidenuniv.nl.

Dr. Mariska Kromhout
Dr. M.H.C. Kromhout is senior onderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC), m.kromhout@minjus.nl.

Dr. Marleen Easton
Prof. dr. M. Easton is directeur van de onderzoeksgroep ‘Governing & Policing Security’ (GaPS), Vakgroep Bestuur & Beleid, Hogeschool Gent en co-directeur van de associatieonderzoeksgroep ‘Governance of Security’ (GofS), Vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie, Universiteit Gent, marleen.easton@hogent.be / marleen.easton@ugent.be.

Dr. Frank Weerman
Dr. F.M. Weerman is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam, FWeerman@nscr.nl.
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