Zoekresultaat: 27 artikelen

x
De zoekresultaten worden gefilterd op:
Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit x Jaar 2015 x
Artikel

Vervolg je reis en struikel niet: antropologie van dood en taboe

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden Death, denial, taboo, anthropology, Suriname
Auteurs dr. ir. Yvon van der Pijl
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explores the relation between death, the fear and denial of it, and the appeal of mortuary rites attempting to transcend senses of mortality. It aims to show how our Own death, as a shamefull and solitary characteristic of modernity, has become a taboo and how it simultaneously continues to spur our imagination of the way Others die. Building on research in Suriname, it argues that both colonial compulsion and anthropological gazing have contributed to distorted and ambiguious attitudes toward death cross-culturally. As such, the article seeks to advance discussions on death and taboo as a perpetuum mobile of dread and everlasting enchantment.


dr. ir. Yvon van der Pijl
Dr. ir. Yvon van der Pijl is werkzaam bij de afdeling culturele antropologie, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Godslastering voor en na de aanslagen op Charlie Hebdo

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden Blasphemy, Freedom of speech, Religious Extremism, Terrorism
Auteurs dr. Jean-Marc Piret en prof. mr. dr. Jeroen ten Voorde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Triggered by the recent Paris attacks the authors make an attempt to answer the question how liberal democracies can react to religious extremists that respond with violence to utterances they consider to be blasphemous. After a brief historical survey of the reactions to blasphemy in penal law and philosophy, the authors compare blasphemy laws and their relation to the freedom of speech in various European countries. Then they analyse the relevant case law of the European Court of Human Rights and the U.S. Supreme Court. In their conclusion the authors defend the position that liberal democracies should be cautious in order to prevent the principles of liberal democracy from being subverted by self-censorship induced by fear of extremism.


dr. Jean-Marc Piret
Dr. Jean-Marc Piret is universitair hoofddocent rechtsfilosofie bij de juridische faculteiten van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

prof. mr. dr. Jeroen ten Voorde
Prof. mr. dr. Jeroen ten Voorde is bijzonder hoogleraar strafrechtsfilosofie, leerstoel Leo Polak, bij de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en universitair hoofddocent straf(proces)recht bij de Universiteit Leiden.

prof. dr. Dina Siegel
Prof. dr. Dina Siegel is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Taboe in culturele criminologie?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden taboos, criminology, open secrets, social sciences
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dina Siegel en prof. dr. Richard Staring
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article several perspectives on studying taboos within social sciences are described. Originally, taboo, a concept that was already used within Polynesian societies early 1800, referred to food that was not allowed to eat. Anthropologists analyzed taboos especially in a functionalistic manner, as contributing to the maintenance of existing power balances within societies. These and other studies on taboos all illustrate the fact that taboos are very much a social construction and are very much time and place dependent. In contemporary western societies taboos are associated with ‘open secrets’ and ‘silencing’. Within criminology certain topics are considered taboo as a research object (e.g. explaining crime through ethnic, cultural or religious characteristics), while others claim that there are no criminological research taboos left.


Prof. dr. Dina Siegel
Prof. dr. Dina Siegel is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

prof. dr. Richard Staring
Prof. dr. Richard Staring is bijzonder hoogleraar mobiliteit, toezicht en criminaliteit aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De seksuele tiener en de sociale orde

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden youth, sex, transgression, criminal law
Auteurs Mr. drs. Juul Gooren
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A taboo serves the social order for it facilitates social control. This article will focus on taboos related to sexual contact by youngsters. The way authorities guard sexual taboos is indicative of the way authorities envision the organization of society. It is this organization through the control of youth and sex which will receive attention. In the classic study by Mary Douglas on pollution and taboo dirt is understood as ‘matter out of place’. The sexual teenager is an illustration of this ‘matter out of place’ because it is difficult to categorize sexual teenagers on the basis of asexual children and sexual adults as an organizing principle for society. In criminal law lewd conduct by youngsters refers to wrong sex at the wrong age. By criminalizing these sexual transgressions the proper place of youth and sex is once again restored. This is necessary for it will be argued that the interests of society are somewhat under pressure because of transgressions when it comes to children as asexual and when it comes to sex as something for within a relationship. The perpetrator of lewd conduct should be understood as a scapegoat reestablishing when and how sex should take place. By restoring the asexual child and the sexual relationship it is hoped sex and youngsters can once again offer some guidance in a social order lacking these clear markers.


Mr. drs. Juul Gooren
Mr. drs. Juul Gooren is docent voor Safety & Security Management Studies aan De Haagse Hogeschool.
Discussie

Satire en politiek incorrecte taal: de premie op taboe-doorbreken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden satire, taboo, political correctness, free speech, the right to insult
Auteurs Dr. Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This essay argues that the breaking of taboos is an effective means to increase one’s definition-power and discredit the establishment. But rhetorical warfare and satire may also turn into its opposite: strengthening fanaticism. First, the author discusses the controversy surrounding the cartoons of Charlie Hebdo and the militant pleas for maximum artistic freedom, articulated by Salman Rushdie and others. In the second part of this essay the author argues that advocates of an inviolable right to freedom of expression, including the right to insult, may create their own taboos. Within the tabloid press and the outrage industry this ‘right’ gets more aggressive functions. Finally, some ambiguities about political correctness and the racism-taboo are discussed.


Dr. Bas van Stokkom
Dr. Bas van Stokkom is verbonden aan de vaksectie Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Agressie in de tram

Het perspectief van trambestuurders

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Tramdrivers, strategies, aggressive passengers, masculinity
Auteurs Dr. Thaddeus Müller en Roy Zeestraten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we focus on how tram drivers react when confronted with a situation of aggression in the tram. Their role in these situations has hardly been explored in recent Dutch studies on this topic. In our explorative research, which consisted of observation and interviews in The Hague, our aim is to gain the perspective of tram drivers on aggressive passengers. Through their eyes we describe a range of strategies which they use to restore public order. Our research shows that in order to understand the reaction of tram drivers a) this has to be placed in the sequential development of an aggressive interaction and b) this has to be related to the ways they give meaning to the aggression of passengers and their work context. Our research shows that there are two perspectives among tram drivers: a) a ‘business’ perspective, with an emphasis of tram drivers as employees who avoid risk situations and call for support in situations they cannot control and b) a personal perspective, in which tram drivers tend to follow more personal guidelines, in which masculinity plays a central role. Those who use the later perspective become more involved in violent and physical interactions.


Dr. Thaddeus Müller
Dr. Thaddeus Müller is werkzaam als Senior Lecturer Criminology bij de Lancaster University (UK). Hij is gespecialiseerd in kwalitatief onderzoek en doet onderzoek naar de ‘deviante’ jongeren, etniciteit en criminalisering, stedelijke (on)veiligheid, drugs en wetenschappelijke fraude.

Roy Zeestraten
Roy Zeestraten is criminoloog en werkzaam als EC coördinator bij Reclassering Nederland, regio Den Haag. Als EC coördinator heeft hij veel contact met ketenpartners zoals PI’s, OM, advocaten en zorginstellingen. Hiernaast is hij verantwoordelijk voor de begeleiding van cliënten met elektronische controle.
Boekbespreking

Horror in mainstream en cult cinema: is het genre extremer geworden?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden horror, (extreme) violence in movies, visual data
Auteurs Veerle Pashley
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Ever since the creation of silent movies, directors aim to shock the audience with explicit scenes of violence. Yet, little attention has been given to the evolution of horror movies. In order to create ‘monsters’, ‘dark locations’ and ‘explicit scenes of violence’ directors have to experiment with storylines and new techniques, if they want to shock the audience. The aim of this paper is to examine whether or not horror has become more violent (more extreme) throughout film history. Hence, we will discuss the historic evolution of horror movies in mainstream cinema (films that reached a large audience) and cult cinema (films which have a select, mostly fan based, audience).


Veerle Pashley
Veerle Pashley is assistent in de vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht aan de Universiteit Gent. Ze bereidt er een doctoraat voor in de criminologie en de sociaal-militaire wetenschappen (joint degree UGent – VUB – KMS). Ze is lid van het Belgian Intelligence Studies Center (BISC) en redactielid van de Cahiers Inlichtingenstudies.
Boekbespreking

Poëtica in criminologisch onderzoek?

Criminologie en de ars poetica

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Criminologic imagination, poetics, fiction, art as science
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dina Siegel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on a new book edited by Michael Hviid Jacobsen The Poetics of Crime. Understanding and Researching Crime and Devience Through Creative Sources (Ashgate, 2014), Dina Siegel analyzes the ways in which social scientists can find inspiration in art, music, literature, photography and dance. She discusses how these fields can enrich criminological research by introducing new analytical instruments and skills and to discover new research fields, meanings and emotions in crime-related issues.


Prof. dr. Dina Siegel
Prof. dr. Dina Siegel is hoogleraar criminologie aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Thuisdealers, ritselaars en meesnoepers. Bewoners en bezoekers van grootstedelijke crackpanden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Crack cocaine, Drug dealing, Ethnography
Auteurs Drs. Petra Houwing, Alberto Oteo Pérez MSc en Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is based on ethnographical research in 24 crack houses in Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague. Crack houses were defined as the homes of crack users where crack is being sold and smoked together with other users. All crack houses were located in disadvantaged, multi-ethnic neighbourhoods. Both residents and visitors were men and women, middle-aged, of various ethnic origin and with a long history of hard drug use. In addition to economic benefits for residents (crack sales, getting crack for free from visitors) and sometimes also for visitors, crack houses predominantly serve as a safe haven for drug use and as a social meeting place. Two types of crack houses were found: dealing houses (with ‘home sellers’) and home circuits (divided into ‘fixers’ who arrange or facilitate that crack is available, and ‘users-for-free’, who allow that crack is sold or delivered and used in their apartment, in exchange for a bit of crack). To reduce the risk of discovery and closure, residents take various measures, but less if they are not a legal resident of the apartment. In comparison with the Anglo-Saxon literature about crack houses, there is less ethnic segregation, a less aggressive atmosphere and less involvement with prostitution.


Drs. Petra Houwing
Drs. Petra Houwing is antropoloog. Zij was als veldonderzoeker verbonden aan het Bonger Instituut, Universiteit van Amsterdam en is nu cliëntmanager bij de GGD Haaglanden.

Alberto Oteo Pérez MSc
Alberto Oteo Pérez, MSc, is promovendus bij het Bonger Instituut, Universiteit van Amsterdam, en trainee bij het EMCDDA te Lissabon.

Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf
Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf is bijzonder hoogleraar criminologie en directeur van het Bonger Instituut, Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Redactioneel

Varia

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2015
Auteurs Prof. dr. Tom Decorte en Prof. dr. em. Pieter Spierenburg
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Tom Decorte
Prof. dr. Tom Decorte is antropoloog en hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Gent, en directeur van het Instituut voor Sociaal Drugsonderzoek (ISD). E-mail: tom.decorte@ugent.be

Prof. dr. em. Pieter Spierenburg
Prof. dr. em. Pieter Spierenburg is emeritus hoogleraar historische criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open John Braithwaite

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden John Braithwaite, reintegrative shaming, responsive regulation, science of science
Auteurs Prof. dr. em. Lode Walgrave
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this interview, Lode Walgrave talks to John Braithwaite, one of the most cited white collar crime scholars and best known for his ‘reintegrative shaming’, which added the crucial moral-emotional and ethical dimensions to the body of work on crime and crime control. John Braithwaite tells about his major publications and developments in his intellectual endeavour: the role of shaming and its importance in restorative justice, dominion, responsive regulation, and also his recent project on peacebuilding. Braithwaite’s career and political involvement are discussed throughout the interview, as well as his critical view with regards to the fragmentation of social sciences (including criminology).


Prof. dr. em. Lode Walgrave
Prof. dr. em. Lode Walgrave is emeritus professor aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (België). Hij publiceerde vooral over jeugdcriminologie en herstelrecht. In 2008 ontving hij de European Criminology Award.
Discussie

De ondergewaardeerde democratic underlabourer?

Over toegepast onderzoek ten behoeve van de rechtshandhaving en veiligheidszorg binnen de heersende academische cultuur

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden law enforcement, academic culture, applied research, public criminology
Auteurs dr. Janine Janssen en dr. Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this opinion piece the authors reflect upon the way in which applied research for law enforcement and safety management is valued within the prevailing academic culture. By drawing from the scholarship on public criminology, the authors introduce the democratic underlabourer as an important yet often undervalued and underrepresented figure capable to bridge potential gaps between academia and the practical field of law enforcement and safety management. By getting organized in the form of a guild, democratic underlabourers would increase their clout and visbility.


dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. J. (Janine) Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nederlandse politie en verbonden aan de vakgroep strafrecht & criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. Tevens is zij lid van de Commissie Kennis en Onderzoek van de Politieonderwijsraad.

dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. M.A.H. (Maartje) van der Woude is universitair hoofddocent straf(proces)recht bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Zij is tevens rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Noord-Holland en projectcoördinator van een langlopend onderzoek bij de Koninklijke Marechaussee.
Artikel

Academische cultuur en wetenschappelijk wangedrag – en wat de relatie daartussen is

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden Academic culture, Scientific misconduct, Output-driven research
Auteurs Prof. dr. Kristel Beyens en Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the questions why scientific misconduct has become a subject of criminological research and how scientific misconduct relates to a production-oriented academic culture are examined. It is argued that the current academic career path produces an anomic academic culture. The authors further examine the slippery notion of the term ‘scientific misconduct’ and conclude that questions about the prevalence or increase of scientific misconduct are hardly answerable. They also point at a number of undesirable side-effects of the emerging culture of distrust and control in academia, amongst which socially disengaged, highly predictable and little innovative research. They end with a plea to recapture a truly academic culture.


Prof. dr. Kristel Beyens
Prof. dr. Kristel Beyens is hoogleraar penologie en criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen is hoogleraar internationale en comparatieve criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en voorzitter van de Nederlandse Vereniging voor Criminologie.
Artikel

Access_open ‘Je kan heel goed kritisch zijn op een nette manier’

Kees Schuyt over veranderende wetenschapscultuur

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden Research integrity, sociology, fraud, academic culture
Auteurs dr. Barbra van Gestel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch sociologist and lawyer Kees Schuyt worked as scientific researcher and professor of sociology for the University of Leiden and University of Amsterdam. He has written about forty books and many articles about the welfare state, the philosophy of social science and the sociology of law. Between 2006 and 2014 he was chairman of The Netherlands Board on Research Integrity (LOWI). Recently he wrote the book Between fault and fraud. Integrity and dishonest behavior in scientific research. In this interview, Schuyt talks about the role of scientific integrity in his own career and specifically elaborates on dishonest behavior and scientific competition.


dr. Barbra van Gestel
Dr. Barbra van Gestel is socioloog en als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC).
Toont 1 - 20 van 27 gevonden teksten
« 1
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment drie verschillende filters: tijdschrift, rubriek en jaar.