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Artikel

De ervaren mogelijkheden om te re-integreren vanuit detentie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0304 2015
Trefwoorden Prison life, staff-prisoner relationships, correctional officers, rehabilitation, survey
Auteurs Toon Molleman en Karin Lasthuizen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we examine which factors are correlated to the rehabilitation of prisoners. Central is the prisoners’ willingness during their imprisonment to work on a successful return in society. Assumptions derived from the theory were statistically tested with data from the Dutch Detainee Survey 2014; a large-scale study, in which prisoners held in all Dutch penitentiary institutions (N = 29) were surveyed (n = 2120). The results are in line with the theory and show that detainees are more positive about their (potential for) rehabilitation when they are more satisfied with a) the way they are treated by correctional officers (staff orientation); b) active deployment of the so-called Detention and Re-integration Plan; c) their daily program and activities, and; d) the experienced autonomy and personal decision-making. These outcomes offer fruitful perspectives on how the prison system can promote a successful return of prisoners in our society.


Toon Molleman
Toon Molleman is strategisch management adviseur bij de divisie gevangeniswezen en vreemdelingenbewaring van de Dienst Justitiële Inrichtingen.

Karin Lasthuizen
Karin Lasthuizen is universitair hoofddocent Bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Internationale lessen voor een sluitende aanpak nazorg

Een literatuurstudie over evaluatieonderzoek naar nazorgprogramma’s voor ex-gedetineerden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden prisoners reentry programs, employment programs for offenders, transitional housing, substance dependent offenders, recidivism
Auteurs Tamar Fischer
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch aftercare for former prisoners is strongly developing. This article describes lessons from international experiences with aftercare for former prisoners in three areas of life: alcohol and drug problems, work and housing. Moreover, it discusses which lessons are especially relevant for the Dutch system. The analysis of the literature shows to what extent and under which conditions voluntary aftercare can affect reintegration and recidivism. Conclusions are that various aftercare programs do affect recidivism to some extent, but that the level of success differs substantially across programs and across subpopulations of former prisoners. Both programs that start during detention and continue after release and programs that combine multiple services (e.g. housing services and drug treatment) are most successful. Work programs have the strongest effects for older individuals. In all three areas of aftercare studied in this article, the strongest program effects were found for subpopulations with the highest risk of recidivism. The review also shows that communication between organizations and the integration of services are very important for the success of aftercare programs.


Tamar Fischer
Dr. T.F.C. (Tamar) Fischer is universitair docent bij de sectie Criminologie van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. E-mail: fischer@frg.eur.nl.
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