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Artikel

‘Dat het uwe Majesteit moge behagen de innigste wensch van een uwer onderdanen te vervullen’

Gratieverzoeken van vrouwen in de Rijkswerkinrichting 1886-1907

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden female vagrants, Beggars, Reprieve, State Labor Institution
Auteurs Drs. Marian Weevers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The files of the women in the State Labor Institution who submitted a request for reprieve showed that they were well aware of the prevailing discourses. They referred for example to their indispensability at home as mother and spouse. In case they were in the Institution for the first time and had no ‘unfavorable’ reputation they mainly succeeded. The main consideration to grant a pardon was the prospect of maintenance to prevent recurrence and consequently nuisance for society. Those who were seriously ill were pardoned because they could not work, the youngest residents to save them from the bad influence of their older inmates. Nevertheless many returned in the State Labor Institution.


Drs. Marian Weevers
Drs. M.H.A.C. Weevers is promovendus aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Redactioneel

Historische criminologie: een vakgebied

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden History, social change, comparative analysis, crime trends, crime patterns
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld, Prof. dr. Margo De Koster en Prof. dr. Manon van der Heijden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Throughout history people have committed theft, fraud and murder. However, the frequency and severity of crimes are not static, but varies across time and space. The ways in which people respond to crime also change over time: penalties such as banishment, corporal punishment and capital punishment were frequently imposed in early modern Europe, but do not exist here anymore. Our thinking about crime and crime control changed over time as well. In addition to so-called hard crimes such as theft and homicide, various kinds of conduct were – in some times and periods – labeled as criminal (adultery, fornication and blasphemy). In crime control, state formation resulted in the emergence and expansion and professionalization of police forces and judicial systems, which development was accompanied by increasing interactions and interplays between supranational governments, private crime fighters, and informal forms of social control. Criminologists study fluid phenomena which vary across time and space. This makes exchange of knowledge and research cooperation between historians and criminologists particularly fruitful, or as Paul Knepper put it: ‘From what has been done so far, one thing is clear enough: the most interesting criminology arises at the point that history and criminology meet’ (Knepper, 2013, 2081).


Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. C.C.J.H. Bijleveld is hoogleraar methoden & technieken van criminologisch onderzoek en directeur van het NSCR.

Prof. dr. Margo De Koster
Prof. dr. M. De Koster is universitair docent historische criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Prof. dr. Manon van der Heijden
Prof. dr. M.P.C. van der Heijden is hoogleraar Comparative Urban History aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

‘Uitgediende hetaeren, verjaagde concubines en in den steek gelatenen’

De opsluiting van vrouwelijke bedelaars eind negentiende eeuw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden Gender, Geschiedenis, Vrouwelijke bedelaars, Rijkswerkinrichting
Auteurs Drs. Marian Weevers en Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The backgrounds of the female vagabonds and beggars at the end of the 19th century show that contrary to their male counterparts, these females originated almost exclusively from the lower echelons of society. Their professions and those of their parents and husbands were low and ill-paid. Disease was prevalent, mortality was high and many of them had physical or psychological problems. Most of them were single and 25 percent had children out of wedlock. 20 Percent was convicted for mostly minor crimes. Because of their behaviour it is likely that they were not accepted by their family and received no support from the church or other institutions for relief of the poor. To beg and get convicted to RWI-placement may have been their only remaining survival strategy once they were old and ill.


Drs. Marian Weevers
Drs. M.H.A.C. Weevers is historica, mhac.weevers@planet.nl.

Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. C.C.J.H. Bijleveld is senior onderzoeker aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving en hoogleraar aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam, cbijleveld@nscr.nl.
Artikel

Sneeuwwitje en de machoman

Sekse en gender in de (Nederlandstalige) criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden gender, Feminisme, criminologische theorie
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf, Dr. Martina Althoff en Prof. Els Enhus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This special issue focuses on the role of sex/gender in Dutch and Belgian criminological and penological research and theory. This introductory article draws the history of thought and research within Dutch-language criminology and explores international developments, in particular the influence of feminist critique on theory and research.This framework serves the positioning of the other contributions, on the one hand research exploring the differences in crime between men and women and on the other hand empirical and theoretical articles focusing on (the social construction of) gender. Finally some innovative methodological findings will be discussed, also with regard to future criminological research.


Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf
Prof. dr. D.J. Korf is bijzonder hoogleraar criminologie en directeur van het Bonger Instituut, faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit van Amsterdam, d.j.korf@uva.nl.

Dr. Martina Althoff
Dr. M. Althoff is universitair docent criminologie, vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, m.althoff@rug.nl.

Prof. Els Enhus
Prof. E. Enhus is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de vakgroep Criminologie, Interuniversitaire Onderzoeksgroep Sociale Veiligheidsanalyse (SVA), faculteit Recht en Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, els.enhus@vub.ac.be.
Praktijk

Biocriminologie door de jaren heen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden biocriminologie
Auteurs Katy de Kogel
Auteursinformatie

Katy de Kogel
Dr. C.H. de Kogel is onderzoeker, Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC), Den Haag. c.h.de.kogel@minjus.nl.
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