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Artikel

Delinquentie, vrienden en ‘boosheid met liefde’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden peer delinquency, authoritative control, working alliance, prevention
Auteurs Dr. Adriaan Denkers en Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Young people’s delinquent behavior remains a social problem of concern to parents, local residents, teachers, police officers and administrators. With respect to effective interventions, the dominant focus is on ‘what works’. Relatively little is known about ‘who works’. In this study, based on a survey of 679 vmbo-pupils, it was investigated to what extent receiving ‘sternness with love’ from a professional may contribute to mitigating delinquency. For this research, unique graphically supported measuring instruments were developed that enable participants of the target group – including those who suffer from mild intellectual disabilities – to independently fill out the questionnaire. The results based on regression analyses suggest that there is no support for the supposed contribution of the interaction between sternness and love or of the three-way interaction between delinquent friends, sternness and love in explaining the variance of delinquent behavior. The results further show that having delinquent friends is related to participants’ delinquency. The results of these analyses also suggest that the relevant professional’s approach with ‘sternness’ or with ‘love’ moderates the relationship between delinquent friends and committing theft.


Dr. Adriaan Denkers
Dr. A.J.M. Denkers is zelfstandig sociaal wetenschapper en verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
Dr. J.D.A. de Jong is lector Aanpak Jeugdcriminaliteit aan de Hogeschool Leiden en verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Kroniek

Gedetineerd via de achterdeur: juridisch en criminologisch onderzoek naar omzetting en herroeping van vrijheidsbeperkende sancties

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden omzetting taakstraf, Herroeping voorwaardelijke sanctie, reclasseringstoezicht, Europese minimumregels community sanctions and measures, Europese reclasseringsregels
Auteurs Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution provides an overview of the legal and criminological research into the decision following the determination of a supervisor that the conditions of a freedom-restricting sanction are not met. It is an important decision, on the one hand because it can result in a more severe sanction than was initially imposed, on the other hand because a decision that is perceived as unfair can influence the extent to which suspects and convicts are willing to comply with conditions, and recidivism. Yet little research has been conducted into this decision. The legal safeguards with which it is accompanied are lagging behind those of the original sentencing decision. Undeserved according to penitentiary experts. The scarce empirical research shows that decision-making involves many different layers and that the actors involved have different goals, ranging from deterrence and emphasizing the credibility of the system to the successful completion of the sanction. Even in countries where regulations have been tightened considerably, the discretionary power of direct supervisors, such as employees of the working project or therapists, is still large. This raises the question to what extent the final decision maker (usually a judge) still has sufficient room to make an independent decision.


Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
Prof. dr. M.M. Boone is hoogleraar Criminologie en Vergelijkende Penologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Meer straffen, minder schuld: de toekomst van de penologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden penology, punishment, administrative sanctions, algorythms & punishment
Auteurs Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Two developments are discussed that have a significant influence on the scope and content of the penology of the future, but otherwise have little to do with each other: The expansion of the sentencing field has resulted in a completely fluid research field. However, the important questions of penology can only be answered by integrally mapping and analyzing that sentencing field. For that reason, penology should radically free itself of the limitation of its field of research to the penal sanction. Ongoing insight into the functioning of the brain and the predictability of behavior on the basis of algorithms shine a different light on the portraits of mankind on which we base punishment. It also exposes a range of new possibilities to influence behavior and prevent criminal behavior. It is also part of the research field of penology to question which of those possibilities we want to use and under which conditions.


Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
Prof. dr. M.M. Boone is hoogleraar Criminologie en Vergelijkende Penologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Redactioneel

Access_open 60 jaar TvC

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Auteurs Arjan Blokland, André van der Laan, Stefaan Pleysier e.a.

Arjan Blokland

André van der Laan

Stefaan Pleysier

Lisa van Reemst

Robby Roks

Toine Spapens

Antoinette Verhage

Karin van Wingerde
Kroniek

Ambtelijke en bestuurlijke corruptie in Nederland; waar staan we anno 2018?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Corruptie, Integriteit, Rechtshandhaving, Openbaar bestuur
Auteurs Prof. dr. Hans Nelen en Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The most recent extensive study on political and administrative corruption in The Netherlands dates back to 2005 (Huberts & Nelen, 2005). Afterwards various studies have been conducted on related subthemes and areas. In this contribution, the state of affairs regarding political and administrative corruption – and the responses to them – in The Netherlands in 2018 is described, based on the results of these studies. Starting with an overview of the nature and severity of political and administrative corruption, the focus shifts to relevant developments in the control and prevention of corruption, partly addressing the causes of the phenomenon.


Prof. dr. Hans Nelen
Prof. dr. mr. J.M. Nelen is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de Universiteit Maastricht.

Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff
Prof. dr. E.W. Kolthoff is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de Open Universiteit en als lector Veiligheid, openbare orde en recht aan de Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch.
Artikel

Strafrecht door de ogen van een witteboordencrimineel

Gevolgen en beleving van strafrechtspleging door vervolgden voor witteboordencriminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Strafrechtspleging, Witteboordencriminaliteit, Detentiebeleving, Strafdoelen, Strafrechtelijk beleid
Auteurs Prof. mr. Wim Huisman en Drs. Dennis Lesmeister
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Internationally, research on the experiences of white-collar offenders with the criminal justice system and the consequences of prosecution and conviction is scarce. Such research becomes more relevant, as the response to white-collar crime has become more punitive and more offenders are convicted. This paper presents the experiences of the co-author as a convicted white-collar offender as an autobiographical case-study. In this cases study, the consequences and experiences during four phases (investigation, prosecution, sentence-execution and post-sentencing) are analysed on four live-domains: health, private life, social life and professional life. Such an approach could be a blueprint for further and more systematic study of the experiences with and consequences of criminal justice for white-collar offenders. Such study can shed light on the effects and actual achievement of goals of punishment for white-collar crime.


Prof. mr. Wim Huisman
Prof. mr. W. Huisman is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Dennis Lesmeister
Drs. D.R. Lesmeister is als geassocieerd onderzoeker verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
Prof. dr. M.M. Boone is hoogleraar Criminologie en vergelijkende Penologie bij de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. mr. Fiore Geelhoed
Dr. mr. F. Geelhoed is assistant professor aan de Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Diversen: Artikelen

De Externe Monitor Tbs en de behandelduur van tbs-gestelden: waardevolle kennis vanuit het tbs-traject

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden forensic psychiatry, disposal on behalf of the state (‘tbs-order’), treatment trajectory, length of stay, digital databases
Auteurs Dr. Marleen Nagtegaal, Dr. Ruud van der Horst, Drs. José Buisman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The External Monitor of Forensic Psychiatric Patients (EMT) aims to increase the knowledge of forensic psychiatric patients and the effectiveness of mandatory forensic treatment. In the EMT, five judicial organizations merged their anonymized digital data on (ex-)patients for research purposes. Data originated from the databases of the NIFP, DJI, AVT, 3RO and WODC. By merging this data, a larger part of the trajectory of a forensic psychiatric patient becomes known. Results show that it is possible to combine data from the digital databases of separate organizations for research and analysis purposes. To illustrate the opportunities of the use of merged data, an explorative study was conducted into a current subject. In this study, 218 ‘tbs-patients’ were included and several characteristics of patients of whom the mandatory forensic treatment has ended were compared with those of patients still under mandatory treatment. Suggestions are made for merging data files and for future research.


Dr. Marleen Nagtegaal
Dr. M.H. Nagtegaal is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de afdeling Criminaliteit, Sancties en Rechtshandhaving van het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

Dr. Ruud van der Horst
Dr. R.P. van der Horst is wetenschappelijk adviseur bij het Expertisecentrum Forensische Psychiatrie (EFP) te Utrecht.

Drs. José Buisman
Drs. J. Buisman is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Instituut voor Forensische Psychiatrie en Psychologie (NIFP).

Drs. Marleen Spaans
Drs. M. Spaans is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Instituut voor Forensische Psychiatrie en Psychologie (NIFP).
Artikel

Geëiste en opgelegde sancties bij de strafrechtelijke afhandeling van georganiseerde criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden organized crime, Punishment, demanded and imposed sanctions, Sentencing
Auteurs Dr. Karin van Wingerde en Prof. dr. Henk van de Bunt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The image that criminal enforcement of organized crime is difficult, is commonly reflected in the media and popular debate. Commentators often argue that organized crime is punished less severely than possible, due to the complexity of the offences, time constraints, and the increased interconnectedness between legal and illegal activities, which creates difficulties to find sufficient evidence to convict offenders. Using data from the Dutch Organized Crime Monitor, this article focuses on the ways in which offenders of organized crime are ‘treated’ by the criminal justice system and on the discrepancies between demanded sanctions and the actual sanctions executed in cases of organized crime.


Dr. Karin van Wingerde
Dr. C.G. van Wingerde is universitair docent criminologie aan Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Henk van de Bunt
Prof. dr. H.G. van de Bunt is hoogleraar criminologie aan Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Criminaliteit onder Marokkaanse jongemannen in Nederland: speelt regionale herkomst een rol?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden migration and crime, social disorganisation theory, import theory of crime, Morocco
Auteurs Prof. dr. Frank Bovenkerk en Dr. Tineke Fokkema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    High crime rates among second-generation immigrants are usually attributed to the ethnic group’s social disorganisation and weak socio-economic position in the host society. According to the import theory, the causes of crime can however also be sought in their native countries or regions. Due to a lack of empirical data, this has rarely been tested, with Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands as exception. Ethnographic research among small groups of delinquent boys in Dutch cities suggests that the rural background or the character of the Rif area of its Moroccan immigrants may explain their high crime rate. In this article we examine whether this holds true when all young Moroccan migrants in the Netherlands are taken into account. Crime data from a Police Identification Service System (HKS) at the individual level are linked with personal data from the Social Statistical Database (SSB) of Statistics Netherlands, including their (parents’) regional descent. Logistic regression analysis shows that the current socio-economic position in the Netherlands is a strong predictor of criminal conduct, while the impact of geographic descent, directly or indirectly via socio-economic position in the Netherlands, is negligible. Based on this study, there is no reason to revise the common explanation of the immigrant-crime nexus.


Prof. dr. Frank Bovenkerk
Prof. dr. F. Bovenkerk is emeritus hoogleraar aan het Willem Pompe Instituut van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Dr. Tineke Fokkema
Dr. C.M. Fokkema is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut (NIDI-KNAW), bij de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en bij de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Terugblikken op de aanloop

Dynamische voorspellers van perioden van detentie gedurende de levensloop van vrouwelijke gedetineerden in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden women, incarceration, risk factors, life history calendars, Netherlands
Auteurs Dr. Katharina Joosen en Dr. Anne-Marie Slotboom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dynamic predictors of periods of incarceration across the life course of female prisoners in the Netherlands were examined, inspired by a Gendered Pathways to Offending framework. Through life course calendars and surveys 397 female prisoners were interviewed. Women who were employed, received benefits, experienced childbirth, or were involved with substance abusing partners were less likely to be incarcerated one year later. Women whose parents had divorced, were addicted to hard drugs, worked as prostitutes, were homeless, had debts, had income from crime or a criminal partner, or received treatment for psychological problems were at increased risk for incarceration one year later.


Dr. Katharina Joosen
Dr. K. Joosen is als postdoc onderzoeker werkzaam bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Dr. Anne-Marie Slotboom
Dr. A. Slotboom is universitair hoofddocent aan de faculteit der rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Maartje van der Woude Mr. dr. MSc
Mr. dr. M.A.H. van der Woude, MSc is strafjurist en criminoloog en als universitair hoofddocent Straf(proces)recht werkzaam bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Zij is tevens werkzaam als rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Noord-Holland.
Boekbespreking

Wanneer een droom werkelijkheid wordt

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2014
Auteurs Prof. dr. Kristel Beyens en Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
Auteursinformatie

Prof. dr. Kristel Beyens
Prof. dr. K. Beyens is hoogleraar aan de vakgroep Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
Prof. dr. M. Boone is bijzonder hoogleraar penologie en penitentiair recht aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en universitair hoofddocent strafrecht en criminologie aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
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