Zoekresultaat: 29 artikelen

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Essay

Slachtofferschap: planten en habitats

Waarom habitats en planten ondanks strikte regels toch niet voldoende worden beschermd

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Antropocene, habitat protection, plants, environmental problems, biodiversity
Auteurs Sander Kole
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The current poor conservation status of Dutch nature is a result of human activities and is therefore characteristic of the era of the Anthropocene in which we now live. As a result of climate change, desiccation and a surplus of nitrogen and other environmental problems, the survival of many habitats and plants in the EU and in the Netherlands is at stake. Recent scientific research shows that many habitats and plants are in an unfavorable conservation status. Biodiversity is under great pressure. In almost all cases, the declining biodiversity can primarily be traced back to human activities and the consequences of these activities for nature. The EU Habitats Directive and the Dutch Nature Conservation Act provide a legal system that obliges the protection of all wild habitats and plants. Although the objective of both regulations suggests otherwise, the protection of nature in the application of provisions from the Dutch Nature Conservation Act is not an intrinsic objective. The extent to which habitats and plants are protected is linked to human – often economic – interests. It is this ambivalence in existing laws and regulations – the human perspective – that makes it possible to ‘disable’ rules that are precisely intended to preserve habitat types and plants relatively easily. As a result, environmental problems caused by humans are not or not completely resolved. Remarkably enough, the design and application of current national and international nature conservation law contributes to the undisturbed continuation of the Anthropocene era in which we live.


Sander Kole
Mr. dr. Sander Kole is universitair docent algemeen bestuursrecht en omgevingsrecht bij de Open Universiteit. Sander.Kole@ou.nl
Essay

Herstelrecht en milieuzaken: een verkenning van mogelijkheden in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden environment, rights of nature, restorative justice, green criminology, Anthropocene
Auteurs Femke Wijdekop en Anneke van Hoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The environmental crisis makes it clear that our current legal instruments and concepts are not sufficient to effectively combat, remedy and prevent widespread environmental harm. However, new concepts and approaches are being developed that try to reduce these legal imperfections. Our essay explores these developments, in particular the emergence of a legal duty of care for the environment, the rights of nature-movement, the campaign to make ecocide (mass damage and destruction of the environment) an international crime and the application of restorative justice to repair environmental harm. We also advocate a new multidisciplinary perspective launched by us: positive green criminology.


Femke Wijdekop
Mr. Femke Wijdekop is juridisch adviseur en content manager Stop Ecocide Nederland. femke@stopecocide.nl

Anneke van Hoek
Drs. Anneke van Hoek is medeoprichter en manager van Restorative Justice Nederland. anneke.vanhoek@gmail.com
Essay

Legitimering van massale schade

De narratieve sociologie van Lois Presser

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden narrative criminology, critical criminology, mass harm, narrative impacts, power paradox
Auteurs Dr. Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this review-essay, two books by criminologist Lois Presser are discussed: Why We Harm (2013) and Inside Story: How Narratives Drive Mass Harm (2018). In these books the author develops a general theory of harmful action, in particular collective and massive forms of harmful action that are often related to state institutions and large companies. Presser shows that all kinds of stories, scripts and ideologies may justify, support, cover up or deny harmful action. In her publications, cultural sociology, critical criminology and discourse analysis are intimately intertwined.


Dr. Bas van Stokkom
Dr. Bas van Stokkom is research fellow aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit.
Discussie

Welke toekomst voor herstelrecht in Brussel?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden CONRAD, participatief actieonderzoek, Brussel, radicalisering, Marokkaanse jongeren
Auteurs Ali Moustatine, Tom Flachet en Erik Claes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article critically examines the prospects of restorative justice in Brussels from the perspective of urban youth work. The insights issue from action research on the topic of ‘radicalisation’. The authors develop two arguments. The first tempers restorative optimism. It shows how restorative interventions are not necessarily the most adequate response to tensions and conflicts in urban settings. The second argument points out that resistance from urban youth workers regarding the implementation of restorative interventions should not be seen as a regrettable obstacle for academics who are eager to experiment with these interventions. Such a resistance can lead to new insights and fresh opportunities to radically rethink Restorative Justice. One of the ideas that the article brings to the surface comes down to this. In a city like Brussels, characterised by superdiversity, and clearly marked by social inequalities, academic researchers only gain credibility in initiating restorative interventions if they undeniably denounce these inequalities and fully express their engagement for social justice.


Ali Moustatine
Ali Moustatine is voormalig jeugdwerker bij de Brusselse jeugdorganisatie D’broej. Hij was werkzaam in de Vereniging voor Marokkaanse Jongeren. Hij was verantwoordelijke onderwijsondersteuning en begeleider van ateliers rond religie, identiteit en sociale exclusie.

Tom Flachet
Tom Flachet is jeugdwerker bij de Brusselse jeugdorganisatie D’broej. Hij is bokstrainer bij de Brussels Boxing Academy. Hij heeft jarenlange ervaring als begeleider van trektochten met Brusselse jongeren in de bergen.

Erik Claes
Erik Claes is senior onderzoeker aan Odisee Hogeschool, opleiding sociaal werk. Zijn expertise en publicaties bestrijken de domeinen van rechtsfilosofie (grondslagen van de rechtsstaat), criminologie (herstelrecht), sociaal werk onderzoek (grootstedelijkheid, grondrechten en conflictbeleving).
Essay

Drugsgebruik, exces en criminaliteit

Een historisch perspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden history of drugs, tobacco, drug policy, civilizing process, opium
Auteurs Dr. Stephen Snelders
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the problem of excessive drug use from a historical perspective. Cultural ambivalence towards excessive use of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs has roots going back into the seventeenth century. A case study is presented of the introduction and adaptation of tobacco in the Dutch republic. Dutch national and colonial drug regulation is discussed. It is concluded that regulations have been primarily motivated by anxieties about excessive behaviour among the labouring classes, endangering public order, and non-white users in the colonies. This has led to criminalization of excessive behaviour, and to the creation of a criminal underground economy.


Dr. Stephen Snelders
Dr. S.A.M. (Stephen) Snelders is research fellow aan de Faculteit Bètawetenschappen en het Freudenthal Instituut/History and Philosophy of the Sciences van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Discussie

Victimologie en corruptie: over de slachtoffers van een (al dan niet) slachtofferloos delict

Een multidisciplinaire verkenning

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden bribery, corruption, victims, victimless crimes, victim identification
Auteurs Suzanne van Dijk MSc en Mr. drs. Moniek Hutten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is no clear answer to the question if corruption makes victims. Currently an (international) discussion is taking place about this matter. On the one hand it can be discussed that corruption in general does not know any direct victims and that corruption can even take place without any damage. On the other hand it is known that corruption can cause tremendous public and financial damage, with society as a whole as the victim of this crime, whether or not in primary gradation. In the underlying article these two perspectives will be discussed and applied on two cases. Special attention will also be paid to the impact and relevance of pointing out the victims.


Suzanne van Dijk MSc
S.L. van Dijk MSc is criminoloog bij het FIOD – Anti-Corruptie Centrum.

Mr. drs. Moniek Hutten
Mr. drs. M. Hutten is vaktechnisch adviseur en criminoloog bij het FIOD – Anti-Corruptie Centrum.
Discussie

Participatieve Video

Een onderzoeksmethodiek die gewenst gedrag visualiseert en dialoog stimuleert

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Facilitator, Researcher, Evaluator, Participatory video, Development
Auteurs Simon Koolwijk
Auteursinformatie

Simon Koolwijk
Simon Koolwijk is eigenaar van Facili2Transform.
Discussie

‘Zij vreet er ook van’

Over de ongemakkelijke relatie tussen huiselijk geweld en zware en georganiseerde criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Domestic violence, Organized crime, Bikers
Auteurs Dr. Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In The Netherlands not much attention has been paid towards the relationship between domestic violence and organized crime. In this contribution the question is addressed why this is. One of the answers is that there is doubt about the moral status of the victim of organized crime: it assumed that the victim has benefited from the proceedings of organized crime. When domestic violence and involvement with organized crime by one of the family members come together, the case becomes more complex and difficult to deal with. For that reason professionals and researchers should pay more attention to the overlap of both phenomena.


Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. J. Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nationale Politie en lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan de Avans Hogeschool.

Janny Dierx
Janny Dierx is jurist en MfN-mediator. Zij is coördinator van de mediatorspool bij de Utrechtse pilot herstelbemiddeling in strafzaken en meewerkend voorvrouw. Zij is tevens redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Discussie

Les jeux sont faits (De teerling is geworpen)

Overdenkingen naar aanleiding van het congres ‘Het slachtoffer en het strafproces: wat is de toekomst?’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2019
Auteurs Renée Kool
Auteursinformatie

Renée Kool
Renée Kool is hoofddocent straf(proces)recht, verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut van de juridische faculteit, Universiteit Utrecht.

Jan De Cock
Jan De Cock is auteur van onder meer het boek Hotel Prison (2003) waarin hij verslag uitbrengt over zijn wereldreis als ‘tralietrotter’. Hij is tevens oprichter van de vzw Within-Without-Walls, een dialoog- en werkgroep rond gevangenen, slachtoffers, ex-gevangenen en maatschappij.
Discussie

Alle dieren tellen mee!

Over non-speciesisme in de criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden speciesism, animal rights, animal cruelty
Auteurs Dr. Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminology traditionally focuses on the human experience. However, several criminologists have seriously criticized this anthropocentric perspective. In their view from a criminological perspective humans and other than human animals should be given equal attention. Although they advocate a non-speciesist criminology, they are not trying to fundamentally change criminology as we know it. Instead, their appeal is to not consider other than human creatures as passive objects and solely from the perspective of their usefulness for humans. Yet, this objective poses substantial methodological challenges to criminologists.


Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. J.H.L.J. Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de nationale politie, lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en lid van de Commissie Kennis en Onderzoek van de Politieonderwijsraad.
Discussie

Het risico van een coördinator: geen beroep te hebben

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2018
Auteurs Hedda van Lieshout, Jan van Lieshout en Rob van Pagée
Auteursinformatie

Hedda van Lieshout
Hedda van Lieshout is bestuurder van de landelijke stichting Eigen Kracht Centrale; www.eigen-kracht.nl.

Jan van Lieshout
Jan van Lieshout is ideoloog en oprichter van de stichting Eigen Kracht Centrale; www.eigen-kracht.nl.

Rob van Pagée
Rob van Pagée is ideoloog en oprichter van de stichting Eigen Kracht Centrale; www.eigen-kracht.nl.
Diversen

Lokale oplossingen voor problemen in asielopvang: de ‘vluchtelingencrisis’ als window of opportunity

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden asylum reception, local turn, Plan Einstein, experimental governance
Auteurs dr. Karin Geuijen, dr. Rianne Dekker en dr. Caroline Oliver
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    During the recent ‘refugee crisis’, governments have been confronted with various problems concerning asylum reception. In several locations in the Netherlands, as well as elsewhere in Europe and beyond, new local forms of experimenting around the issue of asylum reception have begun. One example is Utrecht’s ‘Plan Einstein’. In Overvecht, a district of the city, an office building has been converted into an asylum shelter, where 400 asylum seekers live together with 38 non-refugee youngsters from Utrecht. The Centre runs courses and activities, offered to both asylum seekers (including those who do not yet have a residence status) and local residents. Employing the concepts of ‘multilevel governance’ and ‘experimental governance’, this article indicates why this initiative was able to be realized at this location and at this time.


dr. Karin Geuijen
Dr. Karin Geuijen is als universitair docent verbonden aan het departement bestuurs- en organisatiewetenschap, Universiteit Utrecht. E-mail: k.geuijen@uu.nl.

dr. Rianne Dekker
Dr. Rianne Dekker is als universitair docent verbonden aan het departement bestuurs- en organisatiewetenschap, Universiteit Utrecht. E-mail: r.dekker1@uu.nl.

dr. Caroline Oliver
Dr. Caroline Oliver is senior lecturer bij het department of social sciences,University of Roehampton, Londen. E-mail: caroline.oliver@roehampton.ac.uk.
Diversen

Superdiversiteit als duizelingwekkend perspectief – maar niet onproblematisch

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden superdiversity, globalization, network society, integration
Auteurs Prof. dr. Hans Boutellier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The ‘condition of superdiversity’ creates a dazzling perspective that matches the image of a networking society without unambiguous collective entities. Society consists of a caleidoscopic set of identities, relationships, languages and gods in a context of permeable geographic areas. That brings many problems, but the country that is aware of this diversity does have ultimately the best papers for the future.


Prof. dr. Hans Boutellier
Prof. dr. Hans Boutellier is wetenschappelijk directeur van het Verwey-Jonker Instituut; van 2003 tot 2014 was hij algemeen directeur. Vanuit deze functie is hij eerste woordvoerder van het Kennisplatform Integratie & Samenleving (KIS). Sinds april 2016 is hij deeltijd hoogleraar Veiligheid & Veerkracht aan de Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Diversen

(Super)diversiteit en onveiligheidsgevoelens

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden ethnic diversity, super diversity, fear of crime
Auteurs dr. Erik Snel en Iris Glas
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Contemporary cities are increasingly characterised by ‘super diversity’. As Putnam’s thesis about the negative social consequences of ethnic diversity is correct, we may assume that growing diversity also negatively affects crime and fear of crime in cities. After all: the more diversity, the less social cohesion and the less collective efficacy, ultimately resulting in higher crime rates. More diversity also implies less (public) familiarity in neighbourhoods and more fear of crime. On the other hand, some qualitative studies show that particularly residents of relatively homogeneous districts perceive migrants as threatening. Migrants are seen as less threatening when neighbourhood residents are familiarized with ‘the other’ and when there are more interethnic contacts. Various foreign and Dutch studies show an independent effect of ethnic diversity in the neighbourhood on fear of crime. However, this effect disappears when other resident characteristics are included into the analysis. Residents of ethnically diverse and deprived districts are generally less satisfied with their neighbourhood, have less trust in the government and are more often victimized. Precisely these perceptions and experiences explain why they more often feel unsafe in their own neighbourhood.


dr. Erik Snel
Dr. Erik Snel is als universitair docent en onderzoeker verbonden aan het Department of Public Administration and Sociology (DPAS) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Iris Glas
Iris Glas promoveert in de sociologie en is verbonden aan het Department of Public Administration and Sociology (DPAS) van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Discussie

Access_open Positief veiligheidsbeleid ook mogelijk met oorlogstaal?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden role models, responsivity, gang prevention, desistance, applied science
Auteurs dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How could positive security policies take shape? On what kind of empirical research should these policies be based? And what sort of concepts would we need for this development? If the starting point is to understand safety as a positive notion, it seems wise to avoid the terms of war that are prevailing in current policy programs on security and public safety (fighting, frontline and city-marines). On the other hand some type of decisive jargon might be unavoidable when one sets out to have an actual impact on youth crime policies and policy makers. Is it possible to keep using some type of military terminology in research benefitting the development of positive security policies and still emphasize a positive composition? This dilemma has arisen in recent research activities on positive, street-oriented role models in response to Dutch problematic youth groups and youth at risk. De Jong argues that with the sensitizing concept of the ‘liaison officer’ it might be possible to encourage a positive change through applied social science.


dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong is lector Aanpak Jeugdcriminaliteit, Cluster Social Work & Toegepaste Psychologie aan de Hogeschool Leiden, en wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Discussie

Het episodisch geheugen en getuigenverhoor: wat moeten politieverhoorders hiervan weten?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Episodic memory, Interviewing witnesses, Quality interviews, Police practice
Auteurs Drs. Imke Rispens en Adri van Amelsvoort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Last year the article ‘Episodic memory and interviewing witnesses. What do police interviewers know about this topic?’ (Odinot, Boon & Wolters, 2015, TvC, 57(3), 279-299) was published in this journal. The article describes a study that explored the knowledge of police interviewers about episodic memory. The researchers concluded that police interviewers had insufficient knowledge of episodic memory and that this was related to the lack of psychological terms in the manual of the curriculum of police training. In this article we describe the lack of scientific consensus about episodic memory and the consequences of this for doing research with lists with theses about this subject. Differences between interviewing witnesses and suspects will be discussed. We also question whether it is necessary that police interviewers have thorough knowledge of episodic memory. More important is what knowledge does police need when doing interviews and how are these conducted? Some factors have a negative impact on the quality of those interviews, so we end up with some recommendations for improving the quality of interviews in police practice.


Drs. Imke Rispens
Drs. I.W. Rispens is recherchepsycholoog en als docent en gedragswetenschapper werkzaam bij de Politieacademie.

Adri van Amelsvoort
A.G. van Amelsvoort is freelance senior adviseur en docent. Hij was daarvoor hoofdinspecteur van politie in de functie van teamleider en kennismakelaar bij de Politieacademie. Hij is redacteur van de recherche-onderwerpen in de digitale kennisbank van Stapel & De Koning.
Discussie

Veranderingen in de visie op druggebruik – van een strafrechtelijk naar een gezondheidsparadigma

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden drug policy, paradigms, criminalisation, harm reduction, health problem
Auteurs drs. Franz Trautmann
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Various studies show that the views on the drug problem and appropriate policy responses have undergone profound changes from the 1960s onward. This article is analysing one of these changes, the decriminalisation of drug use, reflecting a fundamental change of view: understanding drug use as a health issue and not as crime. A useful heuristic to understand this type of change is Thomas Kuhn’s paradigm concept. He sees a paradigm as a set of beliefs that are shared by a scientific community and accepted by a wider community. A paradigm change is therefore a socio-psychological process rather than rooted in new scientific or research facts.
    The author analyses the change from the dominance of a crime to the dominance of a health paradigm reflecting its social-historic context, starting with the widely shared concerns about substance use related health problems in the 20th century. These concerns translated into two different views on the essence of these problems, a crime and a health paradigm. The first served as fundament of the international drug control efforts, resulting in the still governing drug prohibition. Yet, the health paradigm was also of influence from the start and gradually gained weight. From the 1970s onwards the health paradigm became more important as part of a wider reform movement. It started in the Netherlands and the UK as bottom-up process criticising criminalising the users of illicit drugs as inappropriate, detrimental for their health and inhumane. The health paradigm was seen as more appropriate.
    The author reflects on the benefits and disadvantages of the health paradigm. Its primary benefit is that it helps to understand the health problems related to drug use. A key disadvantage is its close relationship with the disease paradigm. The latter fits well with the generally negative view on drugs as dangerous or evil. It is encompassing the risk of ‘pathologising’ all forms of drug use and denying phenomena of unproblematic use for, among other things, recreational or spiritual purposes. Like the crime paradigm it can serve for control purposes. The drug user remains subject of control or disciplining policies and is not in charge of his/her own life. An additional problematic issue is that ‘softening’ the approach towards the users seems to be mirrored by a harder, more punitive approach to the producers and sellers of the substances, which are seen as villains, making available the drugs which deserve harsh punishment for ‘devastating’ the lives of users.
    The author concludes with a short discussion of the well-being paradigm as possible alternative for the health paradigm. It covers a broader spectrum than the health paradigm and helps to grasp the negative impact of (problem) drug use, reducing well-being, but is also useful in understanding the positive sides, enhancing well-being.


drs. Franz Trautmann
Drs. Franz Trautmann was Senior Drug Policy Advisor bij het Trimbos-instituut in Nederland. Hij werkte meer dan tien jaar aan harm reduction-programma’s in Amsterdam en leidde sinds 1990 tal van nationale en internationale projecten rond de ontwikkeling van preventie, behandeling en harm reduction-programma’s in verschillende landen en kwalitatief, praktijkgericht onderzoek (Rapid Assessment and Response). De laatste vijftien jaar legde hij zich tevens toe op onderzoek naar het functioneren van de internationale drugsmarkt en naar de beleidsrespons daarop. Enkele weken na het aanleveren van de laatste versie van zijn bijdrage, op 11 juni 2016, overleed hij geheel onverwacht.

Dr. Ben Vollaard
Dr. B.A. Vollaard is universitair docent economie aan de Universiteit Tilburg.
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