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Artikel

De vrijwilliger-ondersteuner en het herstelgericht groepsoverleg

Een experiment binnen de bemiddelingsdienst van Leuven (BAL)

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden Vrijwilliger ondersteuner, hergo
Auteurs Erik Claes en Emilie Van Daele
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article sketches an experiment initiated by a local mediation service in Flanders (BAL) with regard to the role of a supporting volunteer in the context of family group conferencing. Engaged as researchers in this experiment, the authors reconstruct the conceptual challenges of this project and the solution proposed by the team of mediators. One of these challenges revolves around finding an appropriative account of restorative justice that fits with the aims of the Belgian conferencing practice and clarifies the role of the supporting volunteer. Another comes down to distinguishing this role with the essential tasks of the moderator, and formulating deontological devices. In the last part of this contribution a few learning points are formulated with regard to the process and results of the experiment. One of these points is the need to rethink how successfully offering the possibility of engaging a supporting volunteer to the stake holding parties.


Erik Claes
Erik Claes is docent filosofie en recht aan de Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel (HUB), opleiding sociaal werk. Hij is projectleider van de onderzoeksprojecten ‘Herstelbemiddeling en vrijwilligers’ (2010-2013) en ‘Herstelrecht en interculturele spanningen in Brussel’, gefinancierd door PWO-financiering van de HUB.

Emilie Van Daele
Emilie Van Daele is stafmedewerkerster bij Socius en voormalig onderzoeksmedewerkster op het onderzoeksproject ‘Herstelbemiddeling en vrijwilligers’.
Artikel

Recht op kwaliteit, maar geen recht op toegang

Herstelrecht in de EU-regelgeving omtrent slachtoffers van misdrijven

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Restorative justice, Victims’ rights, EU-legislation, framework decision 2001, directive 2012
Auteurs Katrien Lauwaert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Some ten years ago, victim-offender mediation was introduced for the first time in EU-legislation through article 10 of the 2001 framework decision on the standing of victims in criminal proceedings. In 2012 this framework decision was replaced by a more extensive directive establishing minimum standards for victims of crime. This article examines the position of restorative justice in this new legal instrument. The outcome is mixed. The emphasis on safeguards in case restorative justice is applied is a positive move towards good practices, but it is disappointing that a right to access restorative justice services was not adopted.


Katrien Lauwaert
Katrien Lauwaert is onderzoeker bij het European Forum for Restorative Justice en het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) op een Europees project rond desistance en herstelrecht en is tevens redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Het belang van de institutionele context: slachtofferervaringen met bemiddeling vergeleken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden mediation, victims, institutional context, victim satisfaction, diversity
Auteurs Daniela Bolivar, Ivo Aertsen en Inge Vanfraechem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The diversity of institutional contexts within which restorative justice has been implemented worldwide has raised the question whether this aspect may have an influence on the experience of victims of crime. Some are of the opinion that certain institutional settings (such as probation) could relegate victims, once more, to a secondary place. This article discusses the results of a two-year research project (2011-2012) that addresses this question. One single questionnaire was administrated in three different countries (Netherlands, Austria and Finland) whose mediation programmes differ in terms of the institutional setting in which mediation is implemented. Our findings suggest that the institutional context does not matter for victims’ levels of satisfaction, but it does in terms of victims’ expectations and experiences.


Daniela Bolivar
Daniela Bolivar is onderzoeker aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) op een Europees project rond seksueel geweld en herstelrecht.

Ivo Aertsen
Prof. Dr. Ivo Aertsen is hoogleraar aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.

Inge Vanfraechem
Dr. Inge Vanfraechem is onderzoeker aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) op een Europees FP7-project rond herstelrecht en interculturele conflicten, en is tevens redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Tussen hoop en vrees

Toepassing van herstelrecht in het buitengerechtelijk spoor

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden restorative justice, criminal proceedings, diversion, subsidiarity, sanctions
Auteurs Renée Kool
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Topical developments regarding the use of restorative justice in the Netherlands are discussed. Several initiatives have been taken, showing a genuine interest in the benefits of the use of restorative justice. However, there are underlying risks for a managerial use of restorative justice. Momentarily Dutch criminal justice policy features a shift towards settlement by the Public Prosecution, implying a use of restorative justice in the context of consensual settlement. However, there are no signs directing towards an intrinsic interest for the concept of restorative justice by the criminal justice authorities. Notwithstanding the legislator having started a fundamental revision of the Dutch Code of Penal Procedure, there are no intentions known to acknowledge restorative justice arrangements to be part of the regular penal procedures and sanctions. Nevertheless, incorporating the use of restorative justice arrangements requires a systematic implementation of restorative justice arrangements.


Renée Kool
Renée Kool is hoofddocent straf(proces)recht, verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut van de juridische faculteit, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Herstelrecht in Nederland: een slachtofferperspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, paradigma, tailoring, victims
Auteurs Marc Groenhuijsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author advises the protagonists of restorative justice to become less paradigmatic and more pragmatic in their approach of criminal justice and victims needs and interests. The offer of a restorative procedure is not suitable for all victims, nor for all thinkable moments after the event of a crime. Tailoring is needed to make each victim the best offer, and the utility of restorative justice is important, but limited. The author believes that much of the restorative justice literature is aiming at proving the superiority of restorative justice practices above any other type of intervention or service, and he feels that this is partly why restorative justice has not been well received in the Netherlands. A piecemeal implementation of mediation and conferencing in the sphere of criminal justice might be served by being less paradigmatic.


Marc Groenhuijsen
Marc Groenhuijsen is hoogleraar straf(proces)recht, verbonden aan de Universiteit Tilburg en Intervict.
Artikel

De implementatie van dader-slachtofferbemiddeling in België

Zoektocht naar functionele en structurele randvoorwaarden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, implementation, conditions for
Auteurs Hans Dominicus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Victim-offender-mediation started in Belgium as early as 1993 and nowadays the Belgium landscape shows a variety of restorative practices, including conferencing with juveniles and mediation with adult offenders, on the basis of a number of legal arrangements. Progress can still be made in quantitative terms and qualitatively by harmonizing the various legal instruments that are available. The diversionary mediation that is possible at the level of the public prosecutor differs in a number of ways from the mediation that can be offered in subsequent stages of the criminal procedure. A variety of motives and reasons explain the reception and growth of restorative practices, such as the desire to offer victims a better service and to improve the delivery of justice. The willingness to experiment and to collaborate between protagonists of restorative justice and the agencies of criminal justice, and the strong scientific support from the Catholic University of Leuven, are amongst the key factors that promoted the integration and consolidation of restorative practices in the legal system.


Hans Dominicus
Hans Dominicus is attaché bij het Directoraat-generaal Justitiehuizen van de Federale Overheidsdienst Justitie in België. Hij is adviseur van minister van justitie Stefaan de Clerck.
Artikel

Het aanbod van herstelgerichte interventies aan slachtoffers van geweldsmisdrijven

Is een beschermende of proactieve aanpak wenselijk?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden slachtoffers, victimologie, geweldsmisdrijven, slachtofferhulp, bemiddeling, bescherming
Auteurs Tinneke Van Camp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Evaluative studies show that victims are generally satisfied with their participation in a restorative intervention, even when concerning violent crime. Therefore, we don’t have to ask whether restorative justice should be offered to victims of crime, but how it should be offered. Using the victimological literature, we explore the appropriateness of two opposing models with regard to the offer in violent crime cases. The protective model, as for instance endorsed by victim support services in Québec, is based on the concern for the protection of vulnerable victims. The proactive model, as inscribed in the 2005 law on the general offer of mediation in Belgium, is based on the informed consent principle. Both models respect the needs of victims, while ranking these needs differently. The available empirical and theoretical observations on the subject do not unilaterally support or reject either model. We, therefore, present a complementary, albeit theoretical model, i.e. the integration of the invitation to a restorative intervention within victim support services.


Tinneke Van Camp
Tinneke Van Camp is doctoraatsstudent aan de École de Criminologie, Université de Montréal (Canada), en vrijwillig medewerker van het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, KULeuven.
Artikel

De ontwikkeling van herstelrechtelijke praktijken in Noord-Ierland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Noord-Ierland, Jeugdsanctiesysteem, Preventie, Jeugdrecht
Auteurs Martin McAnallen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article provides a perspective on the development of restorative justice practice in Northern Ireland. The island of Ireland has a standing history as to the use of restorative justice. In fact, the earliest restorative form of law dates from 2000 BCE, the so-called Brehon Laws. To date, Northern Ireland features as a divided society; over the past 35 years intercommunity conflict brought devastation and heartbreak to the health of the community. Nevertheless, initial soundings were heard as to how the practice of restorative justice might be re-introduced to Northern Ireland. Already in 1989, the Probation Board indicated its intention of piloting a Victim Offender Mediation Programme. From that time, serious attempts were undertaken to implement restorative justice within the North-Irish society. Initiatives were undertaken by Republican as well as Loyalist communities, both being eager to move away from violent community based justice. Special attention was given towards juvenile crime. In 2000 this interest in restorative justice led to a commitment from the North-Irish authorities to put restorative justice matters at the heart of the criminal justice system for young offenders. As a result, in the Justice (Northern Ireland) Act 2002 the Youth Conference Service was initiated. Between 2003 and the present, Youth Conference Orders or Plans have been the most common disposals for adjudicated offenders up to eighteen years of age. The focus is on the parties resolving how the young person can make amends to the victim and what can be done to prevent further offending. All Agencies linked into the Youth Justice system recognize the special needs of young people. Recent figures show the numbers of young people going into youth custody in Northern Ireland have decreased due to the use of restorative justice models.


Martin McAnallen
Martin McAnallen is ruim 35 jaar actief geweest in het reguliere strafrecht in Noord-Ierland. Sinds halverwege de jaren tachtig was hij nauw betrokken bij de ontwikkeling van de mediationpraktijk in Noord-Ierland en herstelrecht. In 1992 vervulde Martin een actieve rol bij de oprichting van wat nu heet Mediation Northern Ireland. Zijn speciale aandacht ligt bij slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling en in het bijzonder Family Group Conferencing met jonge daders. Hij is een ervaren trainer en publiceert in diverse tijdschriften.
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