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Artikel

Kerend tij

Criminalisering van de kraakbeweging

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden criminalizing, squatters, social movement, frames
Auteurs Dr. Frank van Gemert, Deanna Dadusc MSc en Rutger Visser MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In October 2010 squatting in the Netherlands was prohibited by law. This timing seems strange, because, in the 80s, the squatters’ movement had its heyday, with many very violent confrontations with police. Isn’t it strange that squatting is prohibited now the movement has shrunk and lost much of its significance? We investigate this criminalization of squatting by describing the rise and decline of the movement similar to the turning tide. Based on literature, media reports and our own research data, we demonstrate that the power of the parties in this process is reflected by frames, reasoning and the language they use, and by their position in the media.


Dr. Frank van Gemert
Dr. F.H.M. van Gemert is universitair docent bij de sectie criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit.

Deanna Dadusc MSc
D. Dadusc, MSc is als promovenda verbonden aan de Universiteit Utrecht en aan de University of Kent (VK).

Rutger Visser MSc
R. Visser, MSc is criminoloog en verbonden aan de faculteit sociale wetenschappen van de Vrije Universiteit.
Artikel

Slachtofferbewegingen en herstelrecht

Over het belang van de realiteit achter de stereotypes

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden victimology, victim movements, social movements, restorative justice
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The position of victims of crime has shown marked improvement over the past 30 years. The rise of the victim has been associated with the growth of a unified ‘victim movement’; a social movement that strives to improve the position of victims of crime. However, it is questionable whether the victim movement should be viewed as a unitary phenomenon. Instead of one movement, there appear to be a number of victim movements. There are differences between the victim advocates in the United States, Victim Support in Europe, the violence against women movement and proponents of restorative justice.. In this article, reasons for these differences are sought in victim-endogenous factors: differences in victims’ characteristics and the idealtypes employed by the different movements are an important explanation for the divergent development in organisations representing victims interests, which in turn influences their policy preferences. It is argued that advocates of restorative justice would benefit from understanding both the reality and the distortion involved in the idealtypes, including their own. This would allow proponents of restorative justice to adapt their practices in a manner that is both suitable and convincing to the representative and target group of the different victim movements.


Antony Pemberton
Dr. Antony Pemberton is sociaalwetenschapper en universitair hoofddocent bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Vrouwen en witteboordencriminaliteit

Theorieën en hypothesen over sekseverschil

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden Gender, Witteboordencriminaliteit, Vrouwelijke delinquenten, Feminisme
Auteurs Wim Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    White-collar crime is mostly committed by men. It remains to be seen if this will stay this way. Increasing numbers of women succeed in attaining management positions in organizations. Could we therefore expect an increase in female white-collar crime?Criminological theories on female crime and on white-collar crime lead to contradicting hypotheses.Research on white-collar and organizational crime predominantly produces a situational hypothesis explanation according to which we could expect that the rise of women in organizational hierarchies will also bring more female white-collar crime.Research on female delinquency might lead to an opposite gender-difference hypothesis that would predict less white-collar crime, because they have a lesser tendency to show risky behavior.In this article, both assumptions will be elaborated for further research, against the background of possible gender bias in the relation between women and white-collar crime.


Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, w.huisman@rechten.vu.nl.
Artikel

Sneeuwwitje en de machoman

Sekse en gender in de (Nederlandstalige) criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden gender, Feminisme, criminologische theorie
Auteurs Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf, Dr. Martina Althoff en Prof. Els Enhus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This special issue focuses on the role of sex/gender in Dutch and Belgian criminological and penological research and theory. This introductory article draws the history of thought and research within Dutch-language criminology and explores international developments, in particular the influence of feminist critique on theory and research.This framework serves the positioning of the other contributions, on the one hand research exploring the differences in crime between men and women and on the other hand empirical and theoretical articles focusing on (the social construction of) gender. Finally some innovative methodological findings will be discussed, also with regard to future criminological research.


Prof. dr. Dirk J. Korf
Prof. dr. D.J. Korf is bijzonder hoogleraar criminologie en directeur van het Bonger Instituut, faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit van Amsterdam, d.j.korf@uva.nl.

Dr. Martina Althoff
Dr. M. Althoff is universitair docent criminologie, vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, m.althoff@rug.nl.

Prof. Els Enhus
Prof. E. Enhus is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de vakgroep Criminologie, Interuniversitaire Onderzoeksgroep Sociale Veiligheidsanalyse (SVA), faculteit Recht en Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, els.enhus@vub.ac.be.
Artikel

Empirisch onderzoek in de Nederlandse criminologie

Een inventarisatie van 25 jaar methoden en technieken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden empirisch onderzoek, criminologisch onderzoek, kwalitatief onderzoek, kwantitatief onderzoek
Auteurs Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun en Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on an analysis of twenty five years of articles in Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, we describe developments in the use of research methods and tools. One of the questions is how and to what extent new techniques are adopted over the years and whether certain sources of data become more or less popular. Almost half of the articles were non-empirical, and of the remainder the majority primarily made use of quantitative research methods. In the second half of the period under study, the use of secondary data, collected and often processed by people other than the researcher in question, became much more prominent. Amongst other elements, international comparative research was scarce, as was the use of experimental designs. About one-third of all empirical articles were based on qualitative research. We give some suggestions to increase variation among the kind of articles published in the journal.


Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. J.P. van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie, faculteit rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden, j.p.vanderleun@law.leidenuniv.nl.

Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. C.C.J.H. Bijleveld is hoogleraar methoden en technieken van criminologisch onderzoek, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam en senior onderzoeker, Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), CBijleveld@nscr.nl.
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