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Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht x Jaar 2017 x Rubriek Article x
Artikel

Daders en herstel tijdens detentie: de cursussen Puinruimen, SOS en DAPPER

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Puinruimen, SOS, DAPPER, Herstelgerichte cursus, detentie
Auteurs Sven Zebel, Marieke Vroom en Elze Ufkes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch Custodial Institutions Agency (DJI) strives for a more restorative prison culture in the Netherlands, incorporating a more victim-oriented and restorative way of working in prisons. To this end, DJI has asked for a plan and process evaluation of three restorative courses among (juvenile and adult) prisoners in the Netherlands: Puinruimen, SOS and DAPPER. This article first offers an overview of the most important findings of this evaluation which was finalized in 2016. Based on the findings of the plan evaluation, a cautious yet clearly positive picture emerges of the design and substantiation of each of the three courses examined. That is, an extensive description and substantiation exists of each course. In addition, evidence exists in the (limited) scientific literature for one of the goals that each of these courses have formulated: to increase prisoners’ awareness of the consequences of crime for victims. The literature also suggests that creating trust among participants and a safe group process during the course is helpful in attaining the goals formulated. The process evaluation of the execution of the three courses in practice further strengthens the cautious, yet positive picture painted by the plan evaluation. An examination of the experiences of the courses’ participants lends further support to the observation that these courses can attain part of their goals. For example, after the course participants were more positive about the added value of victim-offender mediation for them personally than before.
    Aside from these findings, this article also argues for a deeper consideration of the constructive roles that both emotions guilt and shame can play in the restorative process of prisoners during these courses. The article ends with a number of recommendations for restorative courses in prison and a sketch of the current state of affairs in the Netherlands regarding these courses.


Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente.

Marieke Vroom
Marieke Vroom is freelance journalist en tekstschrijver en werkte als onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Twente.

Elze Ufkes
Elze G. Ufkes is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Keuzevrijheid in herstelbemiddeling

Een verkennend onderzoek naar niet-deelnemende slachtoffers

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden restorative justice, mediation, victim-offender contact, Victims, victim support
Auteurs Dana Weistra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the field of restorative justice (RJ), relatively much is known about victims’ reasons for wanting to participate in either mediation (as part of the criminal process) or victim-offender contact (parallel to the criminal process). Much less is known, however, about why victims refuse to take part in RJ services. The current article sheds light on this issue and is based on a joint exploratory research initiative by Victim in Focus and Victim Support the Netherlands. The results indicate that participation in mediation and victim-offender contact is significantly associated with the type of offense. Victims of traffic accidents participate significantly less often in mediation than victims of other offenses. In case of victim-offender contact, victims of violent crimes participate significantly less often while victims of traffic accidents participate more often than victims of other crimes. In addition, the referrer of the case and the victim’s age are also significantly associated with participation in victim-offender contact. When a case was referred through the judicial stakeholders, victims more often did not participate, whereas when victims registered themselves, it more often led to a form of victim-offender contact. With regard to age, victims younger than 25 were significantly less often willing to participate than older victims. The specific reasons victims mention for not wanting to participate in RJ are twofold: both emotional and pragmatic reasons are mentioned. The latter were most common with regard to both mediation and victim-offender contact: victims primarily wonder ‘what’s in it for me?’ and seem to base their decision on whether to partake in RJ on its answer. Mentioning emotional reasons not to participate was in case of victim-offender contact significantly associated with judicial referrers of the case, while such reasons were less mentioned when a case was referred through victim support in The Netherlands. To further explore these associations, more research is needed.


Dana Weistra
Dana Weistra is sinds 2014 werkzaam als onderzoeker en beleidsmedewerker bij Slachtofferhulp Nederland. In het verleden studeerde ze cum laude af op het onderwerp herstelbemiddeling in relatie tot partnergeweld en schreef hier een publicatie over. Daarnaast liep zij stage bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) op het project Mediation in het strafrecht.
Artikel

Voor wie is herstelrecht?

Een studie naar slachtoffers en (niet-)participatie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden restorative justice, victim participation, victim-offender, mediation, victims’ motivations
Auteurs Daniela Bolívar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The phenomenon of victim participation in restorative justice (RJ) has been studied from two main angles: describing victims’ motivations to take part in RJ and studying the benefits that different groups of victims may obtain when participating in RJ. However, methodological limitations of former studies have impeded to offer conclusive answers to the question ‘for whom is RJ’. This article offers insights into these issues, focusing on the descriptive findings of a mixed-method study carried out in the context of victim-offender mediation (in Spain and Belgium) and assessed before the encounter (if any) took place. Findings suggest that, before mediation, victims’ personal characteristics tend to differ. The factor ‘victim-offender relationship’ also appeared as an important variable. Implications of these findings are discussed.


Daniela Bolívar
Daniela Bolívar was werkzaam aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) en is momenteel verbonden aan Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Chile, Santiago.
Artikel

Slachtoffers en herstelrecht: ervaringen van (niet-)deelnemers

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Victims, participation, restorative justice, Hergo
Auteurs Inge Vanfraechem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes some victim-related research results of both an action research into the Flemish practice of conferencing, as well as the results of a European comparative research on victim-offender mediation. Through these results, we examine what victims think of restorative justice and why they choose (not) to participate. This way, we aim to fill a certain gap in restorative justice literature especially when it comes to non-participating victims (Van Camp & Wemmers, 2016), a group which remains hard to interview.


Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is senior onderzoeker aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
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