Zoekresultaat: 428 artikelen

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Artikel

De Dark Triad persoonlijkheidskenmerken en online en offline agressie: een verkennende studie op basis van zelfrapportages van jonge adolescenten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden Dark Triad, self-reported aggression, psychopathy, narcissism, Machiavellianism
Auteurs Clio Lambrechts, Lieven Pauwels en Wim Hardyns
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The current study investigates the relationship between the Dark Triad personality traits (consisting of narcissism, psychopathy and Machiavellianism) and three different forms of aggression: online aggression, overt aggression and relational aggression. The sample consisted of 1,051 adolescents between 12 and 16 years old. Results show that psychopathy and Machiavellianism are positive predictors of the three forms of aggression, while narcissism is a positive predictor of online aggression only.


Clio Lambrechts
C. Lambrechts is doctoraatsonderzoekster aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht (Universiteit Gent) en lid van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP).

Lieven Pauwels
Prof. dr. L. Pauwels is professor aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht (Universiteit Gent) en directeur van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP).

Wim Hardyns
Prof. dr. W. Hardyns is professor aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht (Universiteit Gent) en lid van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP). Daarnaast is hij als gastprofessor verbonden aan de master in de Veiligheidswetenschappen van de Universiteit Antwerpen.
Artikel

Mediation in strafzaken: de werkstijl is de methode

Reflecties op de praktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden strafzaken, mediation, mediatorprofiel, mediationproces, psychologische veiligheid
Auteurs Makiri Mual
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since the beginning of 2020 mediation in penal cases (mediation in strafzaken) has officially become the preferred intervention for victim-offender mediation in the criminal procedure in the Netherlands. Although mediation in general has a sound theoretical framework, the methodological elaboration appears pluriform and somewhat limited. In practice mediators in penal cases operate conform their own personal and professional standards and preferences, apparently without tailor made methodology. This article describes the current methodological directions such as transformative or narrative mediation and seeks for useful references. As a part of restorative practice, mediation in penal cases seems to remain secluded from insights and methodology developed in the domain of restorative justice practices. Educational institutes providing trainings for mediators barely refer to this theoretical framework. Besides a methodological reconnaissance this article offers a fundamental comparison of mediation styles and interventions, but is above all an incentive to further methodological research and development.


Makiri Mual
Makiri Mual is mediator in familie- en strafzaken en rechtbankmediator MfN. Hij verbindt in zijn werk interventies uit de mediationpraktijk en de systeemtherapie en richt zich vooral op geëscaleerde conflicten die in het civiele en strafrecht belanden. Hij is docent bij de stichting EFT Nederland, opleider en voorzitter van de vereniging van strafmediators, VMSZ.
Artikel

De vechter en de bierkaai

Kickboksbiografie in context

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden kickboxing, criminal and sporting career, biography in context
Auteurs Dr. Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Hesdy Gerges is a heavyweight kickboxer whose career was interrupted because of his involvement in an cocaine transport. This article is analyzes the biography of this top fighter, describing the macro context of an expanding market for full-contact martial arts, the meso level of the gym and its relation to the criminal milieu, and the fighter and his body on the micro level. Hesdy is used to set an example, and since it takes more than seven years to reach a verdict, the impact on his private life and his career as a fighter is large. The study is based on participant observation and 33 interviews, twenty of which with the protagonist.


Dr. Frank van Gemert
Dr. Frank van Gemert is universitair docent bij de afdeling criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Discussie

Welke toekomst voor herstelrecht in Brussel?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden CONRAD, participatief actieonderzoek, Brussel, radicalisering, Marokkaanse jongeren
Auteurs Ali Moustatine, Tom Flachet en Erik Claes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article critically examines the prospects of restorative justice in Brussels from the perspective of urban youth work. The insights issue from action research on the topic of ‘radicalisation’. The authors develop two arguments. The first tempers restorative optimism. It shows how restorative interventions are not necessarily the most adequate response to tensions and conflicts in urban settings. The second argument points out that resistance from urban youth workers regarding the implementation of restorative interventions should not be seen as a regrettable obstacle for academics who are eager to experiment with these interventions. Such a resistance can lead to new insights and fresh opportunities to radically rethink Restorative Justice. One of the ideas that the article brings to the surface comes down to this. In a city like Brussels, characterised by superdiversity, and clearly marked by social inequalities, academic researchers only gain credibility in initiating restorative interventions if they undeniably denounce these inequalities and fully express their engagement for social justice.


Ali Moustatine
Ali Moustatine is voormalig jeugdwerker bij de Brusselse jeugdorganisatie D’broej. Hij was werkzaam in de Vereniging voor Marokkaanse Jongeren. Hij was verantwoordelijke onderwijsondersteuning en begeleider van ateliers rond religie, identiteit en sociale exclusie.

Tom Flachet
Tom Flachet is jeugdwerker bij de Brusselse jeugdorganisatie D’broej. Hij is bokstrainer bij de Brussels Boxing Academy. Hij heeft jarenlange ervaring als begeleider van trektochten met Brusselse jongeren in de bergen.

Erik Claes
Erik Claes is senior onderzoeker aan Odisee Hogeschool, opleiding sociaal werk. Zijn expertise en publicaties bestrijken de domeinen van rechtsfilosofie (grondslagen van de rechtsstaat), criminologie (herstelrecht), sociaal werk onderzoek (grootstedelijkheid, grondrechten en conflictbeleving).
Artikel

Macht(eloos)

Normalisering van seksueel grensoverschrijdend gedrag in de (top)sport

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden sexually transgressive behavior, normalization, topsport culture, grooming, coach
Auteurs Dr. mr. Anton van Wijk en Prof. mr. Marjan Olfers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Sexually transgressive behavior occurs in all sections of society, including sports. That includes behavior from making sexual comments to rape. A risk factor is the culture that can prevail in sports, also known as a disruptive culture. There is normalization of deviant behavior. The top sport culture is particularly vulnerable to unacceptable behavior. In this article we will consider the phenomenon of grooming by the coach – the conscious and movement that induce the minor to engage in sexual contact. Within top sport, the opportunity for (sexually) transgressive behavior will be the determining factor. While grooming in recreational or recreational sport is often by isolating (vulnerable) children from the group, grooming can occur in top sport because of the intensity of the relationship, which is in any case of a more closed nature and can be strengthened by the strong performance-oriented top sport culture. In both cases, an alert, open environment is necessary to create a safe sports climate.


Dr. mr. Anton van Wijk
Dr. mr. Anton van Wijk is criminoloog en directeur van Bureau Beke en Verinorm.

Prof. mr. Marjan Olfers
Prof. mr. Marjan Olfers is hoogleraar sport en recht aan de VU, tevens directeur van Verinorm.
Artikel

De ‘criminele sponsor’ van het lokale amateurvoetbal

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden georganiseerde misdaad, organisatiecriminaliteit, voetbal, witwassen, filantropie
Auteurs Professor Toine Spapens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The social role of criminals in local communities has so far received relatively little systematic academic attention. This applies more specifically to their involvement in philanthropic activities. This paper describes and analyses the role of dubious sponsors particularly in Dutch amateur football. Although it is difficult to estimate the scope of the problem, results indicate that criminal sponsorship is not incidental. It mainly concerns corporate criminals, persons involved in drug crimes and outlaw motorcycle gangs. The main goal is to enhance their public image. In most cases, their involvement in crimes or regulatory offenses is difficult to assess without a doubt, which complicates preventative measures. Our analysis shows several interacting factors which increase clubs’ vulnerability to criminal infiltration: setting overambitious sportive goals; dependence on volunteers and a lack of formal integrity policies and internal compliance mechanisms; financial problems; and external pressures associated with the club’s role as the ‘pride’ of the city, the village or the neighbourhood.


Professor Toine Spapens
Professor Toine Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie aan Tilburg University.
Artikel

Woekeren met andermans talent

Over de handel en wandel en het zelfbeeld van spelersagenten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden football agents, fraud, money laundering, regulation, self-image
Auteurs Prof. dr. Hans Nelen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The focus of this article is on the role that football agents play in the world of professional football. Their role has also been associated with criminal activities such as money laundering, tax evasion, corruption and the exploitation of under-age players. The article pays attention to recent developments in the world of football and the shady business practices in relation to the transfer of football players. Moreover, the article addresses the self-image of football agents and raises the question whether they should take more responsibility themselves in containing fraud and money laundering in the world of football.


Prof. dr. Hans Nelen
Prof. dr. Hans Nelen is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Maastricht en redacteur voor Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit.
Artikel

Welke samenleving in het herstelrecht?

Uitdagingen voor burgerschap en samenlevingsopbouw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden burgerschap, samenlevingsopbouw, samenleving als actor, Vreedzame Wijk, Eigen Kracht-conferentie
Auteurs Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the concepts of society and community involvement as they appeared in the articles of the Dutch-Flemish Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht (Journal of Restorative Justice) during last 20 years. It shows how the journal from its very beginning adopted a strong focus on criminal justice reform, although restorative practices within the community occupied a considerable space in the consecutive volumes as well. Studies on restorative justice programmes in Belgium and The Netherlands, such as victim-offender mediation and family-group conferences, revealed a predominant orientation on interpersonal relationships stressing the role of the community of care. In the same sense, also community mediation and other community oriented restorative practices focus on the personal well-being of people and the improvement of personal and social relationships. Hence, both theory and practice face two important challenges in developing restorative justice: (1) which role to give to a larger community and how to operationalize its involvement, and (2) how to deal with underlying causes of crime and social-structural injustices? Referring to European action-research projects and to conceptual models developed outside Europe, a case is made for designing restorative justice methodologies and programmes involving civil society in a more encompassing way and linking micro to macro societal levels. Developing strategic alliances with new social movements could be the way forward.


Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is redacteur van dit tijdschrift en hoofdredacteur van The International Journal on Restorative Justice.
Artikel

Het ontrafelen van de effectpuzzel

Aandacht voor de werkzame ingrediënten van slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling voor daders

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden Fellegi, moraliteit, neutralisatietechnieken, schaamte, sociale bindingen
Auteurs Sven Zebel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Why and how mediated contact between victims and offenders (and members from their networks) leads to positive outcomes, remains a difficult question to answer. Not surprisingly therefore, this topic has been the focus of attention of multiple articles in the past twenty years of this journal. In this contribution, the inspiring article of Borbala Fellegi (2008), titled ‘Explaining the impact of restorative justice. The “4-way interaction” of morality, neutralisation, shame and bonds’ is celebrated. Fellegi presents a theoretical framework in which the added value of restorative, mediated victim-offender meetings for the re-integration of offenders is outlined compared to other judicial responses to crime. Central to her argument is that the mediation process affects in particular the four criminogenic factors mentioned in the title. In this contribution two innovative, working mechanisms of the mediation process that she proposes, are highlighted. First, the preparation phase in which the neutral mediator initiates and facilitates discussion of the crime and its consequences for the victim(s) with the offender. Fellegi proposes that this mechanism can (start to) lift the criminogenic factor moral reasoning of the offender. Second, the restorative focus of the encounter itself between the victim and offender, in which both parties can express how they were affected, express their emotions (such as shame feelings of the offender) and discuss jointly how restoration and reparation might be achieved. This should reduce the criminogenic factor neutralisation, increase moral reasoning, and might contribute to integrative social bonds between the parties and their networks. Thus, Fellegi’s work has made innovative suggestions about the working mechanisms of victim-offender mediation – these suggestions offer useful hypotheses that can be tested empirically.


Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair hoofddocent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente. In zijn onderzoek richt hij zich op de psychologische reacties op criminaliteit en conflict, en op de impact van interventies die trachten te herstellen en het risico op recidive te verlagen. In het bijzonder is hij geïnteresseerd in de inzet van digitale technologie om herstelrechtelijke (interactie)processen beter te begrijpen en te optimaliseren.
Artikel

Proosten met champagne, heel m’n libi is nu duur

Opzichtige consumptie in Nederlandse rap

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden opzichtige consumptie, hiphop, rap, straatcultuur, uitsluiting
Auteurs Robbert Goverts MSc en Dr. Robert Roks
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines expressions of conspicuous consumption on 19 recent releases by the most popular Dutch rap artists of 2018. In line with Veblen’s (1899/2017) notion of conspicuous consumption, our content analysis of these rap lyrics shows that Dutch rappers ‘spend’ their money on all kinds of ostentatious and eye-catching luxury goods such as designer clothing and jewelry (‘drip’), cars or holidays, but also that rappers ‘stack’ some of the money they earn by putting it aside. Our results indicate that these expressions of conspicuous consumption seem to be rooted in, and fueled by, experiences with poverty, stigmatization, and discrimination.


Robbert Goverts MSc
Robbert A. Goverts is als socioloog en criminoloog werkzaam bij de Department of Public Administration and Sociology aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Robert Roks
Dr. Robert A. Roks (RA) is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Wie houdt de wacht?

Veranderingen in toezicht tijdens de jongvolwassenheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden parental monitoring, self-control, delinquency, social control
Auteurs Dr. Jessica Hill MSc en Prof. dr. mr. Arjan Blokland
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this study we examine whether parental monitoring remains a protective factor in the lives of emerging adults, as well as the extent to which monitoring in other settings replaces the protective role of the parents. We use data collected for the TransAM project, a longitudinal survey of 970 emerging adults (18-24 years) to examine monitoring in a range of different contexts using an instrument based on Stattin and Kerr’s parental monitoring scale (2000). Results indicate that whilst parental control plays a protective role in the first years of emerging adulthood, we find no evidence that monitoring in other settings replaces the protective role of parents. However, monitoring of the self, i.e., self-control, has an increasingly strong relationship with delinquency during emerging adulthood.


Dr. Jessica Hill MSc
Dr. J.M. Hill (MSc) is universitair docent criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. mr. Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. mr. A.A.J. Blokland is als bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Welzijn, primaire levensbehoeften en delinquentie bij adolescenten

Etiologische assumpties van het Good Lives Model getoetst

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden GLM, Rehabilitation, Juvenile delinquency, Life satisfaction, Youth
Auteurs Colinda Serie PhD, Prof. dr. Stefaan Pleysier, Prof. dr. Johan Put e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A recent rehabilitation theory, the ‘Good Lives Model’ (GLM), states that interventions that work towards a higher well-being can reduce recidivism risk more sustainably by promising a happier, pro-social life, rather than just a less harmful one. Although the GLM theory appears promising, limited empirical research has examined its underlying assumptions, applicability and its effectiveness. Research into the GLM with youth is even more limited. Therefore, in the current study, we investigate the main etiological assumptions of the GLM in a large group of adolescents between 14 and 18 years old from the general population (N=5.776), by means of self-report survey data on well-being, primary human goods and delinquency. The results show that a lower subjective global well-being is related to delinquent behavior. Especially the primary human goods of relatedness and working towards a financially stable future appear to be important goals for interventions aimed at rehabilitation of juvenile offenders.


Colinda Serie PhD
C.M.B. Serie is PhD-onderzoeker aan de KU Leuven.

Prof. dr. Stefaan Pleysier
Prof. dr. S. Pleysier is hoofddocent aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de KU Leuven en coördinator van de Onderzoekslijn Jeugdcriminologie en Jeugdrecht aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (LINC).

Prof. dr. Johan Put
Prof. dr. J. Put is gewoon hoogleraar jeugd- en welzijnsrecht aan de KU Leuven.

Prof. dr. Corine de Ruiter
Prof. dr. C. de Ruiter is als hoogleraar Forensische Psychologie, verbonden aan de Universiteit Maastricht.
Redactioneel

Access_open Hedendaagse jeugdcriminaliteit: nieuwe vragen en enkele antwoorden na een historische daling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Auteurs Dr. André van der Laan, Prof. dr. Stefaan Pleysier en Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
Auteursinformatie

Dr. André van der Laan
Dr. A.M. van der Laan is senioronderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid in Den Haag.

Prof. dr. Stefaan Pleysier
Prof. dr. S. Pleysier is hoofddocent aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de KU Leuven en coördinator van de Onderzoekslijn Jeugdcriminologie en Jeugdrecht aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (LINC).

Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F.M. Weerman is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar Jeugdcriminologie bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Wie zijn jeugdige veelplegers?

Een onderzoek naar aantallen en kenmerken op basis van politieregistraties en zelfrapportage

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden Juvenile delinquency, Frequent offending, Research methods, Self reports, Police registrations
Auteurs Prof. dr. Frank Weerman, Prof. dr. Gerben Bruinsma, Prof. dr. Wim Bernasco e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The aim of this study was to provide more insight in prevalence and aetiology of juvenile frequent offending, employing police registered data as well as self-report information. We combined data about 519 youths that participated in a self-report study in the region of The Hague with police register data (the HKS system) from the police unit of The Hague. The results indicate that a substantial part of youths that report a large amount of offenses themselves are not formally known as ‘juvenile frequent offender’. Causal factors derived from four major criminological theories can be found in a more pronounced way among juvenile frequent offenders than among youths that incidentally commit offenses. In general, there are similarities between the characteristics of juvenile frequent offenders defined by police register data and those defined by self-reports, but, on average, frequent offenders that are known by the police spend more time unstructured socializing with friends. We conclude that research using the method of self-report is well capable to find juvenile frequent offenders, and that this method also leads to useful information about the causes of their delinquent behaviour.


Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F.M. Weerman is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar Jeugdcriminologie bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Gerben Bruinsma
Prof. dr. G.J.N. Bruinsma is emeritus directeur van het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en emeritus hoogleraar Omgevingscriminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Wim Bernasco
Prof. dr. W. Bernasco is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en bijzonder hoogleraar Ruimtelijke analyse van criminaliteit aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Lieven Pauwels
Prof. dr. L. Pauwels is directeur van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP) en als hoogleraar verbonden aan de Universiteit van Gent.
Artikel

Online jeugdcriminaliteit en ‘verkeerde vrienden’: wanneer is de samenhang het sterkst?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden cyber delinquency, cyber offenders, peer deviance, social network
Auteurs Yaloe van der Toolen MSc, Dr. Marleen Weulen Kranenbarg en Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article investigates whether cyber delinquent behaviour of school friends, other offline friends and online contacts is related to cyber delinquent behaviour of individuals, and whether this relation differs for cyber dependent, cyber enabled and traditional crime. We used both direct and indirect measures of cyber delinquency of friends. We employed data from the first wave of a large-scale study on the causes of online delinquency among Dutch juveniles (n=889; mean age=16.8 years). The results suggest that both direct and indirect measures of levels of friend delinquency were related to levels of individual cyber offending. However, indirect measures had a stronger association with individual online delinquency than direct measures. This suggests that respondents make incorrect estimates of their friends’ levels of online delinquency. Moreover, no differences were found in the strength of the relation between individual online offending and indirect measures of online offending of school friends, offline friends and online friends. This suggests that friends of different types all play an important role in individual online offending.


Yaloe van der Toolen MSc
Y. van der Toolen MSc is junior onderzoeker bij de sectie Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en junior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam.

Dr. Marleen Weulen Kranenbarg
Dr. M. Weulen Kranenbarg is universitair docent Criminologie bij de sectie Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F.M. Weerman is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar Jeugdcriminologie bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Delinquentie, vrienden en ‘boosheid met liefde’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden peer delinquency, authoritative control, working alliance, prevention
Auteurs Dr. Adriaan Denkers en Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Young people’s delinquent behavior remains a social problem of concern to parents, local residents, teachers, police officers and administrators. With respect to effective interventions, the dominant focus is on ‘what works’. Relatively little is known about ‘who works’. In this study, based on a survey of 679 vmbo-pupils, it was investigated to what extent receiving ‘sternness with love’ from a professional may contribute to mitigating delinquency. For this research, unique graphically supported measuring instruments were developed that enable participants of the target group – including those who suffer from mild intellectual disabilities – to independently fill out the questionnaire. The results based on regression analyses suggest that there is no support for the supposed contribution of the interaction between sternness and love or of the three-way interaction between delinquent friends, sternness and love in explaining the variance of delinquent behavior. The results further show that having delinquent friends is related to participants’ delinquency. The results of these analyses also suggest that the relevant professional’s approach with ‘sternness’ or with ‘love’ moderates the relationship between delinquent friends and committing theft.


Dr. Adriaan Denkers
Dr. A.J.M. Denkers is zelfstandig sociaal wetenschapper en verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
Dr. J.D.A. de Jong is lector Aanpak Jeugdcriminaliteit aan de Hogeschool Leiden en verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Een eerste blik op online delinquentie

Verkennend onderzoek bij Vlaamse jongeren en vergelijking met offline delinquentie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden online crime, juveniles, self-reported delinquency, risk profiles, prevalence
Auteurs Ena Coenen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Given that the social life of youngsters develops more and more online, attention for cybercrime has grown as well. However, no Flemish data is available yet. This study uses data from two representative samples of the Flemish youth to research the prevalence and risk profiles of on- and offline crime. Compared to offline crime, online crime is relatively limited. In addition, results showed that online offenders had the least severe risk profile, while offenders of both on- and offline delinquency had the most severe profile. For victimization, it appeared that it is important to consider individual types of offences, since complex differences were found between various crime types. These results indicate a limited, but not ignorable, occurrence of online crime, and a difference in risk profiles for offline and online crime.


Ena Coenen
E. Coenen is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie aan de KU Leuven.
Artikel

Risicogedrag van jongeren

In hoeverre verschilt de invloed van leeftijdsgenoten op het beginnen met risicogedrag en aanpassen in risicogedrag?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden antisocial behavior, social network analysis, SIENA, subtance use, onset
Auteurs Dr. Aart Franken, Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra, Dr. Zeena Harakeh e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Studies investigating peer influence on risk behaviors, such as antisocial behavior and substance abuse, mostly study the amount of change in which adolescents adapt their risk behavior to become more similar to their friends. Onset of risk behavior, changing form having no experience to having any experience with risk behavior, has been studies far less. This study investigates friends’ influence on the onset of risk behavior and their influence in changes in risk behavior. Hypotheses were tested using SNARE (Social Network Analysis of Risk behavior in Early adolescence) data (N=1.144), containing information on risk behavior (i.e. antisocial behavior, alcohol use, and tobacco use) and friendship networks at three timepoints during the first year of secondary education (Mage= 12.7; SD=0.47). Analyses, using longitudinal social network analysis (RSIENA), showed that although adolescents adapt their risk behavior to become more similar to their friends, they are not influence in by their friends in the onset of risk behavior. These findings suggest s more nuanced role of friends in the onset of risk behavior. Interventions aiming at friends might benefit from differentiating between the onset and further (dis)continuation of risk behavior as these friendship influence processes might be less relevant for the onset of risk behavior.


Dr. Aart Franken
Dr. A. Franken is psycholoog NIP (i.o.t. gz-psycholoog) bij de Praktijk voor leer- en gedragsadviezen.

Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
Dr. J.K. Dijkstra is UHD Sociologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en senior-analist RIEC Noord.

Dr. Zeena Harakeh
Dr. Z. Harakeh is onderzoeker bij TNO, expertisegebied Child Health.

Dr. Wilma Vollebergh
Prof. dr. W.A.M. Vollebergh is emeritus hoogleraar Jeugdstudies aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Jonge veelplegers en hun worsteling om te stoppen met criminaliteit

Een vierfasenmodel

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden desistance, young repeat offenders, maturation, longitudinal study
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ido Weijers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents findings from a longitudinal study of 81 young recidivists examined over fifteen years. By the age of 25, 50 percent had desisted for at least three years. 60 percent had had no new police contacts during the last two years. Four stages could be distinguished in the desistance process. Apart from a small number of explicit persisters, all of the young adults did consciously consider whether the benefits of their criminal activities outweighed the disadvantages. With just a few exceptions, the decision to quit was not motivated by an altruistic goal, nor by extreme fear, but mainly motivated by the feeling of being too old for criminal life and by striving for a pleasant self-esteem. It is concluded that when young adult recidivists give up crime, this must be seen as an extreme and extremely late form of maturation.


Prof. dr. Ido Weijers
Prof. dr. I. Weijers is emeritus hoogleraar jeugdstrafrecht en jeugdbescherming aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Access_open Relationele zorgrechtvaardigheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden zorgrechtvaardigheid, zorgethiek, relationele rechtvaardigheid, zorgzame relaties, zorg
Auteurs Christopher D. Marshall
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As an approach to law and justice, restorative justice focuses squarely on addressing human needs; it acknowledges the equal dignity of all parties, irrespective of their role in the harmful act; it accepts responsibilities for addressing the disadvantages or inequities that crime has bequeathed to victims and that often have contributed to offending on the part of the perpetrator; and it derives its creative potential from the shared vulnerability and reciprocal exchange of concern that occurs through respectful face-to-face encounter. Therefore restorative justice constitutes a relational justice of care.


Christopher D. Marshall
Christopher Marshall bekleedt de Diana Unwin Chair in Restorative Justice, School of Government, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
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