Zoekresultaat: 18 artikelen

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Artikel

Access_open Boetedoening of lynchpartij?

Enkele reflecties over naming & shaming in the 21e eeuw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden naming en shaming, transformatie, effectiviteit, punitiviteit, herstelrecht
Auteurs Hans Nelen, Martina Althoff en Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This introductory article of a special issue on naming and shaming addresses the origins of the concept and its transformation during the last decades. The main conclusion of the article is that contemporary forms of naming & shaming come closer to humiliation and public lynching, rather than redemption and self-reflection.


Hans Nelen
Prof. dr. Hans Nelen is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Maastricht en redacteur voor Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. hans.nelen@maastrichtuniversity.nl

Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is universitair hoofddocent criminologie in de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. m.althoff@rug.nl

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de nationale politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit. Zij is redacteur van het Tijdschrift over Cultuur en Criminaliteit. jhlj.janssen@avans.nl
Boekbespreking

Gestolen eer

Naming and shaming van mannen betrokken bij eergerelateerd geweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Auteurs Janine Janssen
Auteursinformatie

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de nationale politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit. Zij is redacteur van het Tijdschrift over Cultuur en Criminaliteit. jhlj.janssen@avans.nl
Artikel

Over schade en schande

Shaming en stigmatisering van ondernemingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden naming and shaming, organisatiecriminaliteit, stigma, reputatie, Shell
Auteurs Judith van Erp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Naming-and-shaming campaigns, in which civil society groups publicly call upon corporations to end harmful behavior via social media, are a powerful mechanism for social control of corporations. This article investigates naming and shaming in modern, global markets through a case study of Shell - one of the most stigmatized corporations of our time. First, the perspective of organizational sociology is used to answer the question why Shell is receiving such significant attention. Next, the article addresses how shaming manifests itself in global markets. The example of Shell illustrates reintegrative shaming, aiming to end harmful activities, as well as stigmatizing shaming that undermines a corporation’s license to operate.
    Finally, this article discusses the potential consequences of naming and shaming for corporate reputations. In the case of Shell, Goffman’s concept of courtesy stigma appears to form the greatest reputational risk, as stigmatization of Shells business partners will create status anxiety and will limit opportunities to develop business.


Judith van Erp
Prof. dr. Judith van Erp bekleedt de leerstoel ‘Regulatory Governance’ aan de Universiteit Utrecht, binnen het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap. j.g.vanerp@uu.nl
Artikel

Naming and shaming seksueel geweld

#MeToo als politieke beweging?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden MeToo, naming and shaming, seksueel geweld, feminism
Auteurs Martina Althoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    #MeToo is a social movement that started on social media and spread from the US all over the world in 2017. The social movement behind #MeToo is characterised by publicly naming and shaming those who exhibit everyday misconduct in the workplace. This is done by spreading naming and shaming stories via Twitter messages. A question that arises here is whether naming and shaming is a suitable and successful tool for a political movement that aims to bring about social change with regard to sexual violence. Has #MeToo changed the social perspective on sexual violence and social norms of behaviour for sexual encounters? To answer these questions, first a historical sketch of the feminist movements against sexual violence will be provided. What is characteristic of these movements and what are possible parallels with the #MeToo movement? From a feminist perspective, are there any dilemmas that a judicial response to sexual violence entails? In order to provide background to these insights, the characteristics of the #MeToo movement, and the associated dilemmas surrounding naming and shaming, will be discussed next. Finally, it will be discussed if #MeToo has led to social changes.


Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is universitair hoofddocent criminologie in de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. m.althoff@rug.nl
Essay

Herstelrecht en milieuzaken: een verkenning van mogelijkheden in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden environment, rights of nature, restorative justice, green criminology, Anthropocene
Auteurs Femke Wijdekop en Anneke van Hoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The environmental crisis makes it clear that our current legal instruments and concepts are not sufficient to effectively combat, remedy and prevent widespread environmental harm. However, new concepts and approaches are being developed that try to reduce these legal imperfections. Our essay explores these developments, in particular the emergence of a legal duty of care for the environment, the rights of nature-movement, the campaign to make ecocide (mass damage and destruction of the environment) an international crime and the application of restorative justice to repair environmental harm. We also advocate a new multidisciplinary perspective launched by us: positive green criminology.


Femke Wijdekop
Mr. Femke Wijdekop is juridisch adviseur en content manager Stop Ecocide Nederland. femke@stopecocide.nl

Anneke van Hoek
Drs. Anneke van Hoek is medeoprichter en manager van Restorative Justice Nederland. anneke.vanhoek@gmail.com
Artikel

Is digitale buurtpreventie een goed instrument voor burgeropsporing?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden digital neighborhood watch, community crime prevention, crime reduction, surveillance, social control
Auteurs Jossian Zoutendijk en Krista Schram
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It is often assumed that digital neighbourhood watch groups lead to more emergency calls and more arrests by the police. This article revolves around the question whether or not these groups actually contribute to reducing crime in the Netherlands. It does so by looking at recent studies and the results of researchers’ own ‘realist evaluation’ of the city of Rotterdam’s policy on digital neighbourhood watch. The latter includes a reconstruction of the program theory and ten case studies with different types of groups. The reconstruction of program theory revealed two main routes to crime reduction: 1) more emergency calls and more arrests by the police and 2) more social control. Chat histories have been studied and moderators, participants, non-participants and professionals were interviewed on their perception of active mechanisms and on the efficacy of their group. None of the respondents believed their group led to an increased number of arrests, but interviews and chat histories show that crime can be reduced by means of social control. Social control by neighbours limits the opportunity for crime and disturbs criminal acts. Other studies in the Netherlands support this finding. The article closes by putting digital neighbourhood watch in a citizen’s perspective with suggestions to improve the efficacy of digital neighbourhood watch groups and the notion that for citizens, crime reduction is not the only or principal goal.


Jossian Zoutendijk
Jossian Zoutendijk is werkzaam bij Hogeschool Inholland Rotterdam.

Krista Schram
Krista Schram is werkzaam bij Hogeschool Inholland Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Criminaliteit en macht: een inleiding

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden crimes of the powerful, white collar crime, hate crime, eco crime, ‘lawful but awful’
Auteurs Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminologists have by and large sought to explain crime by the deficiencies people may have. It took till the 1970s until the idea that crime can also be caused by structural power inequalities got an actual name in criminology: crimes of the powerful. Starting with the works of Willem Bonger and Edward Ross in the early 20th century, the author analyses how critical criminologists like Frank Pearce introduced the term ‘crimes of the powerful’ in the 1970s and how this concept was subsequently applied to gender- and racial inequalities, state crime, corruption et cetera, whilst pointing at the topical relevance of using a lens of ‘crimes of the powerful’ as a sensitising concept to analyse present-day problems, ranging from sexual abuse in the Roman Catholic church to the banking sector or indeed the expropriation of indigenous lands in the Amazon by soy-farmers and timber traders.


Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
René van Swaaningen is hoogleraar criminologie en voorzitter van de sectie criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Top-down and out?

Reassessing the labelling approach in the light of corporate deviance

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden labelling, corporate crime, moral entrepreneurs, peer group, late modernity
Auteurs Anna Merz M.A.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Multi-national corporations are increasingly facing attention and disapproval by different actors, including authorities, public and (non-) commercial organizations. Digital globalization and especially social media as a low-cost, highly interactive and multidirectional platform shape a unique context for this rising attention. In the literature, much attention has been devoted to top-down approaches and strategies that corporations use to avoid stigmatization and sanctioning of their behaviour. Reactions to corporate harm are, however, seldom researched from a labelling perspective. As a result, corporations are not considered as objects towards whom labelling is targeted but rather as actors who hamper such processes and who, as moral entrepreneurs, influence which behaviour is labelled deviant. Based on theoretical analysis of literature and case studies, this article will discuss how the process of labelling has changed in light of the digitalized, late-modern society and consequently, how the process should be revisited to be applicable for corporate deviance. Given a diversification of moral entrepreneurs and increasingly dependency of labelling and meaning-making on the online sphere, two new forms of labelling are introduced that specifically target institutions; that is bottom-up and horizontal labelling.


Anna Merz M.A.
Anna Merz is promovendus aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Belofte maakt schuld

Nederlandse Spoorwegen en schadevergoeding voor overlevenden van WOII-transporten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden Victimization, Recognition, restorative measures, compensation, Holocaust
Auteurs Manon Bax en Mijke de Waardt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The authors discuss reparations, with particular attention to programs launched to do justice to the victims of the Holocaust. While focusing on the compensation scheme of the Dutch Railways to the victims of the transports during the Second World War, they examine in which respects the suffering and victimization of some victim groups are not or insufficiently recognized. They compare the establishment of the compensation scheme and the procedure for repayment with findings from victimological research into the recognition of victimization and reparation, including the symbolic value of compensation, recognition of suffering, inclusion and exclusion of stakeholders, and victim participation. The analysis concludes with a few considerations about how secondary victimization could have been prevented.


Manon Bax
Manon Bax was tijdens het schrijven van haar artikel verbonden aan INTERVICT, Tilburg University, als promovendus. Momenteel zet zij haar promotieonderzoek naar de ontwikkeling van collectieve herstelmaatregelen voort bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving.

Mijke de Waardt
Mijke de Waardt was tijdens het schrijven van haar artikel verbonden aan INTERVICT, Tilburg University, als Assistant Professor Victimology and Transitional Justice. Momenteel werkt zij als onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving. Zij is hoofdonderzoeker in onderzoek naar de impact van herstelmaatregelen op het leven van slachtoffers van grootschalige mensenrechtenschendingen in (post-)conflictsamenlevingen.
Artikel

De mooie held geveld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden heroes, downfall, master status, media
Auteurs Prof. dr. Hans Nelen en Dr. Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the introductory article of this special issue on the downfall of popular heroes, some relevant aspects in relation to the general theme are explored. Who are considered to be heroes and which elements are relevant to understand the process heroes may go through when they start sliding on the slippery slope, and, eventually, fall into the abyss of disgrace? What is the role that (social) media play in the demolition of their reputation and how do heroes perceive their own downfall and respond to it? The theoretical concept that is used in this article is Howard Becker’s master status and, in particular, the notion that the master status of a fallen hero surpasses and contaminates all other statuses, previously possessed by an individual.


Prof. dr. Hans Nelen
Prof. dr. Hans Nelen is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Maastricht.

Dr. Frank van Gemert
Dr. Frank van Gemert is universitair docent bij de sectie strafrecht en criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Strafrecht door de ogen van een witteboordencrimineel

Gevolgen en beleving van strafrechtspleging door vervolgden voor witteboordencriminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Strafrechtspleging, Witteboordencriminaliteit, Detentiebeleving, Strafdoelen, Strafrechtelijk beleid
Auteurs Prof. mr. Wim Huisman en Drs. Dennis Lesmeister
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Internationally, research on the experiences of white-collar offenders with the criminal justice system and the consequences of prosecution and conviction is scarce. Such research becomes more relevant, as the response to white-collar crime has become more punitive and more offenders are convicted. This paper presents the experiences of the co-author as a convicted white-collar offender as an autobiographical case-study. In this cases study, the consequences and experiences during four phases (investigation, prosecution, sentence-execution and post-sentencing) are analysed on four live-domains: health, private life, social life and professional life. Such an approach could be a blueprint for further and more systematic study of the experiences with and consequences of criminal justice for white-collar offenders. Such study can shed light on the effects and actual achievement of goals of punishment for white-collar crime.


Prof. mr. Wim Huisman
Prof. mr. W. Huisman is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Dennis Lesmeister
Drs. D.R. Lesmeister is als geassocieerd onderzoeker verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Een schip op het strand is een baken in zee

Over de criminogene rol van bedrijven en overheden bij shipbreaking

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden shipbreaking, state-corporate crime, environmental crime, case study, waste
Auteurs Jasmien Claeys MSc en Dr. Lieselot Bisschop
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Shipbreaking is the dismantling of discarded vessels to reuse parts and recycle secondary raw materials. The majority of discarded vessels ends up on Southeast Asian beaches, dismantled without regard for the environment or human health. Our case study analyses the environmental crime of shipbreaking by using the theoretical framework of state-corporate crime as a frame of analysis. We focus on Germany and Greece as countries of origin and Bangladesh as a country of destination. Our findings show that shipbreaking is the result of a complex criminogenic interplay of economic and political actors on national as well as international level.


Jasmien Claeys MSc
J.C.D. Claeys (MSc) is onderzoeker bij het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy van de Universiteit Gent.

Dr. Lieselot Bisschop
Dr. L.C.J. Bisschop is universitair docent aan de Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De rol van sociale media bij rampen en (mini)crises

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden Sociale media, Crises, Crisiscommunicatie, geruchten
Auteurs Menno van Duin, Vina Wijkhuijs en Jan Eberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Professionals dealing with crises are more or less forced to a next level of crisis communication and crisis management. This is because of the influence of social media. Messages on Twitter, Facebook and other social media can have a significant impact on the course of developments during a crisis. Sometimes in a positive way, when help is mobilized quickly and people can be informed almost instantly. On other occasions the impact is more negative, when for instance rumors lead to false accusations or threats. In the past several years, crisis management authorities have built up more experience with the use and application of social media and monitoring tools. There are still cases where officials and professionals are taken by surprise because of the shift stream of messages and their impact on public opinion and crisis control. But also lessons have been learned, e.g. in terms of online and offline reactions, cooperation with the public, and rumor control.
    This article gives an overview of research results in literature and summarizes the outcomes of a case study research project.


Menno van Duin
Menno van Duin is lector crisisbeheersing (IFV).

Vina Wijkhuijs
Vina Wijkhuijs is senior onderzoeker Lectoraat Crisisbeheersing (IFV).

Jan Eberg
Jan Eberg is hoofddocent en onderzoeker integrale veiligheid (HU).
Artikel

‘Boeven vangen’ via internet

Beelden over criminaliteit in opsporingsberichtgeving

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 0 2011
Trefwoorden crime & media, responsibilization, internet, citizen participation
Auteurs Judith van Erp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article studies community notification of suspects, as in Crimewatch and its Dutch equivalent, Opsporing Verzocht, and on police websites. It explores how these messages frame crime, and how these frames change when police messages are copied by private websites. Publication of suspects by the police is characterized as responsibilization, because it legitimizes the authority of the police and reinforces existing relations between police and the public. The new media, however, undermine the frame of authority as it is presented by the police, either because publications aiming to detect suspects are transformed into news or entertainment, or because private websites select those publications that give room to the questioning of police performance. As for the presentation of the publications, this article compares the Dutch TV program Opsporing Verzocht and the website GeenStijl. Opsporing Verzocht centers around the victim, while GeenStijl presents the subject from an enforcement point of view. GeenStijl users are not addressed as the police’s helping hands, but as autonomous agents of social control, sometimes standing in for the police. Community notification of suspects therefore not only influences detection rates, but also the relation between the police, the public, and offenders in society.


Judith van Erp
Dr. Judith van Erp is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. E-mail: vanerp@law.eur.nl.
Artikel

Regulering van antisociaal gedrag. Aanpak van persistent overlastgevende jongeren in Engeland en Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2007
Trefwoorden ouders, contract, politie, overlast, kind, aanhouding, dwang, investering, tussenkomst, strafbaar feit
Auteurs B.A.M. van Stokkom

B.A.M. van Stokkom
Artikel

Prestatiemeting en ketensamenwerking

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2007
Trefwoorden levering, kwaliteit, prestatie, politie, risico, aanbeveling, verlies, openbaar ministerie, eindvonnis, gedetineerde
Auteurs H. de Bruijn

H. de Bruijn
Interface Showing Amount
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