Zoekresultaat: 565 artikelen

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Artikel

Politie en de COVID-19-pandemie in België: impact op het politiewerk, de interne relaties en politie-burgerinteracties

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden COVID-19 regulations, crisis, procedural justice, police legitimacy, self-legitimacy
Auteurs Yinthe Feys
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the author reflects on the impact of COVID-19 on policing, the relations among police officers and the interactions between police and citizens based on systematic social observations in small to semi-sized local police forces during the pandemic. The article discusses the nature of police work during the crisis and new types of interventions that police officers are confronted with (e.g. curfew controls). Additionally, the impact of the pandemic on the internal and external relations is discussed. Internally, the COVID-19 measures may have an impact on police officers’ possibilities for personal, social interactions among colleagues, which may potentially challenge the solidarity within the police force. Externally, tensions may arise in relations with citizens, partly because of unclear regulations or variable interpretations of those regulations. Those unclear regulations, but also uncertainties concerning one’s own competences and questions regarding the police’s role in enforcing the pandemic regulations, put pressure on the police’s (self-)legitimacy.


Yinthe Feys
Dra. Y. Feys is doctoraatsonderzoeker bij het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP), Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht, Faculteit Recht en Criminologie, Universiteit Gent.
Artikel

Agressie tegen politiemedewerkers en omgang met burgers: wederkerige beïnvloeding of gemeenschappelijke oorzaken?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden police-citizen, victimization, violence, use of force, patience
Auteurs Lisa van Reemst, Tamar Fischer en Frank Weerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Police officers are often the victim of aggression by citizens, which has negative consequences for them and society in general. Therefore, it is important to gain knowledge about related factors. This study examines to what extent experiencing aggression as a police officer is related to their patience with citizens and use of force. Two explanations based on the victim-offender overlap are examined: that aggression experiences and dealing with citizens influence each other and that they have common causes. This study was conducted on the basis of a longitudinal questionnaire survey among police officers (N=693). The results show that interaction with citizens, including patience with citizens and the use of force, is related to the aggression police officers experience. The association diminishes when common causes, in this case socio-demographic and work-related characteristics, are taken into account, but does not disappear. No direct support is found for reciprocal influence. Implications and suggestions for further research are described.


Lisa van Reemst
Dr. L. van Reemst is Universitair docent aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Tamar Fischer
Dr. T. Fischer is Universitair hoofddocent Criminologie bij het departement Law, Society & Crime van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F. Weerman is bijzonder hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie bij het deparmtent Law, Society & Crime van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

De politie en burger in beeld? Een internationale scoping review naar het beleid inzake bodycamgebruik met aanbevelingen voor politiediensten in België

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden bodycam regulations, police discretion, procedural justice, trust in the police, activation policy
Auteurs Thibaut Decombel, Yinthe Feys, Anse Stevens e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on a scoping review regarding international policy recommendations, the authors of this article explore the most important aspects concerning bodycam policies for police services. Even though most literature on the shortlist is situated in the United States, important issues are discussed for a Belgian bodycam policy. Examples are a clear activation policy and regulations regarding warnings. These recommendations are compared to the legal regulations on bodycams in Belgium, such as the individual discretion Belgian police officers have when activating the camera. Throughout the article, the use of bodycams is linked to procedural justice. Because of the scarcity of Belgian bodycam research, we also give some recommendations for further research on this topic.


Thibaut Decombel
MSc. T. Decombel is master in de criminologie aan de Universiteit Gent.

Yinthe Feys
Dra. Y. Feys is doctoraatsonderzoeker bij het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP), Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht, Faculteit Recht en Criminologie, Universiteit Gent.

Anse Stevens
Dra. A. Stevens is assistent en doctoraatsonderzoeker bij het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP), Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht, Faculteit Recht en Criminologie, Universiteit Gent.

Antoinette Verhage
Prof. dr. A. Verhage is hoofddocent aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht en lid van het IRCP (Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy), Universiteit Gent.
Redactioneel

Relaties tussen politie en burgers in een veranderende context

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Interaction, Police-citizen, Police organization, Societal developments, Organizational developments
Auteurs Jan Terpstra, Antoinette Verhage en Lisa van Reemst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the past years important changes have occurred in police work in the Netherlands and Belgium. These developments, and new questions that arose because of these developments, are the reason we dedicate a special issue to ‘the police and citizen in a changing context’. In this introduction of this issue, we describe a number of developments and new questions. We address the changing distance between police officers and citizens, authority and trust, the role of citizens, technology and digitization and growing complexity and diversity. In addition, the articles in this special issue are introduced.


Jan Terpstra
Prof. dr. ir. J. Terpstra is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie aan de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen en fellow aan de Vrije Universiteit te Brussel (Crime & Society Research Group).

Antoinette Verhage
Prof. dr. A. Verhage is hoofddocent aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht en lid van het IRCP (Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy), Universiteit Gent.

Lisa van Reemst
Dr. L. van Reemst is Universitair docent aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Oude wijn in nieuwe zakken?

Een studie naar de gepercipieerde effectiviteit van buurtinformatienetwerken in een veranderende context

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden community safety, crime prevention, neighborhood inhabitants, Neighborhood Watch, police
Auteurs Thom Snaphaan, Lieven Pauwels en Wim Hardyns
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The rise of the internet and social media has important consequences for the way we interact, communicate and access information. This has repercussions for the police organization and also for the cooperation between police and citizens. One of these forms of cooperation between police and citizens are neighborhood watch (NW) projects (also known as ‘BINs’ in Belgium and ‘burgerwachten’ in the Netherlands). This study uses semi-structured interviews (n=380) in Belgium to examine how NW members and non-NW members perceive the effectiveness of both formal and informal NW projects and how the two relate to each other. The perceived effectiveness is assessed based on several criteria, including impact on crime, fear of crime, policing, and the relationship between police and citizens.


Thom Snaphaan
T. Snaphaan, MSc is veiligheidswetenschapper en criminoloog. Hij is doctoraatsonderzoeker aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht van de Universiteit Gent en lid van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP).

Lieven Pauwels
Prof. dr. L.J.R. Pauwels is professor aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht van de Universiteit Gent en directeur van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP).

Wim Hardyns
Prof. dr. W. Hardyns is professor aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht van de Universiteit Gent en lid van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP). Daarnaast is hij als gastprofessor verbonden aan de master in de Veiligheidswetenschappen van de Universiteit Antwerpen.
Artikel

Effecten van de COVID-19-lockdown op sociale stabiliteit: wat leren we van data van de meldkamers?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden COVID-19 crisis, lockdown, effecten, sociale stabiliteit, inzet hulpdiensten
Auteurs Ike Kroesbergen en Leonard Vanbrabant
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we investigated the effects of the Covid-19 crisis and lockdown on social stability within the individual level, group level and society level. To investigate these effects, data from incident reports of emergency services (i.e., police, fire brigade and ambulance) in the South of the Netherlands from 2018 to 2020 were collected. An incident is defined as an unique notification with deployment of one or more emergency service(s). Incidents were categorized according to the standardized classification LMC 6.0. We investigated regional differences from 2018 to 2020 using monthly time trends. On the individual level we found a time trend in accordance with the onset of the lockdown, with a decrease in property crime operationalized as theft, burglary and robbery, and an increase in psychological effects, operationalized as suicide attempts and nuisance by a person. On the group level, operationalized as incidents nuisance by youth, noise, fireworks and vandalism, we found a time pattern with an increase in incidents coherent with the lockdown period. On the level of the society, operationalized as incidents public order, conflicts, violence and explosives, we also found an increase in incidents coherent with the lockdown period. We conclude that incident reports of emergency services give additional insight in the effects of a lockdown on social stability.


Ike Kroesbergen
Ike Kroesbergen is als senior onderzoeker veiligheid & gezondheid werkzaam bij de GGD West-Brabant. i.kroesbergen@ggdwestbrabant.nl

Leonard Vanbrabant
Leonard Vanbrabant is als statistisch data-analist werkzaam bij de GGD West-Brabant.

Teun Eikenaar
Teun Eikenaar is antropoloog en werkzaam als postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Radboud Universiteit en de Nederlandse Defensie Academie. teun.eikenaar@gmail.com
Artikel

Access_open Criminele inmenging in het mkb: casusonderzoek naar de faciliterende rol van bonafide ondernemingen in het criminele bedrijfsproces

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden criminal interference, criminal intrusion, infiltration, corruption, subversive crime
Auteurs Erik Essen en Jimmy Maan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While not a new phenomenon, research on criminal intrusion in (small) businesses is often focussed on the perspective of the criminal, reconstructed after a crime has taken place. In this article we add the perspective of the entrepreneur from the moment he/she is confronted with early signs of possible criminal intrusion. Firstly, we introduce a definition of criminal intrusion, based on 18 cases of (attempted) criminal intrusion in small business: The process by which an actor of a criminal organization turns to and associates with a bona fide corporation, making that corporation a facilitator of criminal business process without its deliberate intent. Secondly, we distinguish three (not necessarily limitative) main practices on how this facilitation of crime takes place within the scope of criminal intrusion in bona fide businesses: 1) a transactional model, which focusses on an exchange of products or services between criminal organizations and businesses; 2) a parasitic relationship where operational processes are abused for criminal gains, and 3) infiltration, in which targeted infiltration, corruption of employees or ‘criminal investment’ takes place to gain a foothold within the business. By introducing a theoretical framework for the categorisation of cases, we hope to further develop the possibilities of (criminological) analysis of criminal intrusion, while simultaneously provide small business owners insights to strengthen their resilience against organised crime.


Erik Essen
Erik Essen is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij het lectoraat Management van Cultuurverandering aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam. e.essen@hva.nl

Jimmy Maan
Jimmy Maan is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij het Kenniscentrum Business Innovation aan de Hogeschool Rotterdam. j.maan@hr.nl

    In recent years, big data technology has revolutionised many domains, including policing. There is a lack of research, however, exploring which applications are used by the police, and the potential benefits of big data analytics for policing. Instead, literature about big data and policing predominantly focuses on predictive policing and its associated risks. The present paper provides new insights into the police’s current use of big data and algorithmic applications. We provide an up-to-date overview of the various applications of big data by the National Police in the Netherlands. We distinguish three areas: uniformed police work, criminal investigation, and intelligence. We then discuss two positive effects of big data and algorithmic applications for the police organization: accelerated learning and the formation of a single police organization.


Marc Schuilenburg
Marc Schuilenburg is bijzonder hoogleraar Digital Surveillance aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en universitair docent aan Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl.

Melvin Soudijn
Melvin Soudijn is senior onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Landelijke Eenheid Nationale Politie en research fellow bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving.

Janny Dierx
Janny Dierx is jurist, mediator en bestuurder van de Mediation Coöperatie en geregistreerd ADR/MfN-mediator. Zij is tevens lid van de commissie Schadefonds Geweldsmisdrijven en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Praktijkberichten

De inzet van digitale communicatie en technologie in herstelbemiddeling

De oplossing voor de leemte tussen face-to-face-gesprekken en brief- of pendelcontact?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Auteurs Sven Zebel en Florian Bonensteffen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Using digital (online) means (for example video calling) to facilitate communication between victims, offenders and mediators during victim-offender mediation (VOM) is not common practice, but has been employed more frequently during the corona pandemic. Do such digital means have added value for restorative justice practices, even when corona measures no longer hinder offline communication? This contribution shares some of the findings from the PhD project of Florian Bonensteffen, that focuses on the potential (dis) advantages of implementing digital communication and technologies in the VOM field in the Netherlands. In a qualitative study based on interviews with victims, offenders and mediators, the perceived applicability and ease of using digital communication forms in the VOM process were examined. Findings indicate that such forms are perceived to promote the emotional well-being of victims and offenders in cases where meeting face-to-face might be too stressful (e.g. due to fear), as well as can provide for a richer exchange than current offline forms of letter exchanges or shuttle mediation. Perceived interpersonal disadvantages of digital communication during VOM were mentioned only in comparison to face-to-face meetings and involved a limited exchange of non-verbal and contextual information about the other party, and less control over the digital dialogue for the mediator. Practical disadvantages centered around privacy and technical stability concerns. The findings suggest that digital forms of communication such as videoconferencing and -messages during VOM have the potential to fill the void between current offline direct (face-to-face) and indirect forms (letter exchange and shuttle mediation) – if such digital means are well-prepared and the privacy of parties is safeguarded.


Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair hoofddocent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente en bijzonder hoogleraar Mediation aan de Vrije Universiteit (VU). Hij is als redacteur verbonden aan dit tijdschrift.

Florian Bonensteffen
Florian Bonensteffen is als promovendus verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente. Hij doet onderzoek naar hoe technologie kan worden ingezet om bemiddelingsgesprekken tussen slachtoffers en daders te verbeteren.
Kroniek

De hybride en het klimaat

Het belang van Bruno Latour voor de criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden Bruno Latour, ecocide, herstelrecht, antropocentrisme, antropoceen
Auteurs Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This chronicle discusses the importance of Bruno Latour’s work for criminology, paying attention to the role of technology and our relationship to nature. The author proposes to criminalize ecocide and advocates the use of restorative justice in dealing with environmental crimes.


Marc Schuilenburg
Prof. dr. mr. M. Schuilenburg is Bijzonder Hoogleraar Digital Surveillance aan de Erasmus Universiteit en universitair docent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam binnen het departement Strafrecht en Criminologie.
Kroniek

Het leefklimaat in penitentiaire inrichtingen: een overzicht van onderzoek uit de Lage Landen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden Prison, Climate, Correlates, Consequences, Overview
Auteurs Elien Goossens en Tom Daems
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years scientific interest in various aspects of prison climate has increased exponentially. At first, such research was being initiated and undertaken predominantly within Anglo-Saxon penology but, more recently, research into prison climate is also increasingly taking place elsewhere, including in the Netherlands and Belgium. In this article the authors offer an overview of Dutch and Belgian research on prison climate. They discuss the literature from two broad angles: first, the characteristics of prisons and incarcerated individuals that determine the quality of prison climate; and, second, research on the impact of prison climate on inmates themselves.


Elien Goossens
MSc E. Goossens is doctoraatsonderzoeker FWO aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (LINC), KU Leuven.

Tom Daems
Prof. dr. T. Daems is hoogleraar aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (LINC), KU Leuven.
Artikel

Slachtofferschap en slachtoffer-daderschap in Nederlandse penitentiaire inrichtingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden victimization, Life in Custody Study, misconduct, routine activities, violence
Auteurs Sophie Martens, Esther van Ginneken en Hanneke Palmen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dutch prisons are not exempt from incidents. Despite the negative impact of violence on the safety of inmates and the chances of successful reintegration, not much is known about the prevalence of victimization in Dutch prisons and the characteristics of victims. Additionally, previous research has pointed out the overlap between victim status and offender status. In this contribution, the authors will discuss the prevalence of self-reported victimization among Dutch inmates and the characteristics of victims and victim-offenders. Data from 3,485 participants from the Life in Custody Study are used for this purpose.


Sophie Martens
S.G.M.M. Martens BA was tijdens dit onderzoek aangesteld als onderzoeksassistent bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Esther van Ginneken
Dr. E.F.J.C. van Ginneken is universitair docent criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en projectleider van de Life in Custody Study.

Hanneke Palmen
Dr. J.M.H. Palmen is universitair hoofddocent criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en is projectleider van de Life in Custody Study.
Artikel

Big data, kleine rechtsstaat?

Over de roep van uitvoerende professionals om rechtstatelijke bezinning bij big-datatoepassingen in de Nederlandse politiefunctie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden big data, politiefunctie, rechtsstaat, technologische innovatie
Auteurs Remco Spithoven en Elsa Foppen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The promises of big data have reached the domain of safety and security. After these techniques proved their added value in the private sector, they soon reached the attention of the public sector. In this article we present the results of our interviews with 27 executive professionals of the Dutch police and the department of public order and safety of local governments. What are their expectations of big data? Their experience with big data varied. Our respondents gave expression to a basic positive attitude towards intelligence led policing and the chances that big data brings to it. But anticipation of working with big data was not free from discussion and the respondents stressed the need for securing privacy and other constitutional rights of citizens before big data applications are implemented in the police function. With that, our respondents strongly aligned with the international, academic call for a constitutional reflection about the application of big data withing the police function.


Remco Spithoven
Dr. Remco Spithoven is lector Maatschappelijke Veiligheid bij Hogeschool Saxion en tevens hoofdredacteur van Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid. r.spithoven@saxion.nl

Elsa Foppen
Elsa Foppen is onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Maatschappelijke Veiligheid en docent bij de opleiding Integrale Veiligheidskunde/Security Management bij Hogeschool Saxion.
Artikel

Access_open Boetedoening of lynchpartij?

Enkele reflecties over naming & shaming in the 21e eeuw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden naming en shaming, transformatie, effectiviteit, punitiviteit, herstelrecht
Auteurs Hans Nelen, Martina Althoff en Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This introductory article of a special issue on naming and shaming addresses the origins of the concept and its transformation during the last decades. The main conclusion of the article is that contemporary forms of naming & shaming come closer to humiliation and public lynching, rather than redemption and self-reflection.


Hans Nelen
Prof. dr. Hans Nelen is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Maastricht en redacteur voor Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. hans.nelen@maastrichtuniversity.nl

Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is universitair hoofddocent criminologie in de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. m.althoff@rug.nl

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de nationale politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit. Zij is redacteur van het Tijdschrift over Cultuur en Criminaliteit. jhlj.janssen@avans.nl
Artikel

Over schade en schande

Shaming en stigmatisering van ondernemingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden naming and shaming, organisatiecriminaliteit, stigma, reputatie, Shell
Auteurs Judith van Erp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Naming-and-shaming campaigns, in which civil society groups publicly call upon corporations to end harmful behavior via social media, are a powerful mechanism for social control of corporations. This article investigates naming and shaming in modern, global markets through a case study of Shell - one of the most stigmatized corporations of our time. First, the perspective of organizational sociology is used to answer the question why Shell is receiving such significant attention. Next, the article addresses how shaming manifests itself in global markets. The example of Shell illustrates reintegrative shaming, aiming to end harmful activities, as well as stigmatizing shaming that undermines a corporation’s license to operate.
    Finally, this article discusses the potential consequences of naming and shaming for corporate reputations. In the case of Shell, Goffman’s concept of courtesy stigma appears to form the greatest reputational risk, as stigmatization of Shells business partners will create status anxiety and will limit opportunities to develop business.


Judith van Erp
Prof. dr. Judith van Erp bekleedt de leerstoel ‘Regulatory Governance’ aan de Universiteit Utrecht, binnen het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap. j.g.vanerp@uu.nl
Artikel

Naming and shaming seksueel geweld

#MeToo als politieke beweging?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden MeToo, naming and shaming, seksueel geweld, feminism
Auteurs Martina Althoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    #MeToo is a social movement that started on social media and spread from the US all over the world in 2017. The social movement behind #MeToo is characterised by publicly naming and shaming those who exhibit everyday misconduct in the workplace. This is done by spreading naming and shaming stories via Twitter messages. A question that arises here is whether naming and shaming is a suitable and successful tool for a political movement that aims to bring about social change with regard to sexual violence. Has #MeToo changed the social perspective on sexual violence and social norms of behaviour for sexual encounters? To answer these questions, first a historical sketch of the feminist movements against sexual violence will be provided. What is characteristic of these movements and what are possible parallels with the #MeToo movement? From a feminist perspective, are there any dilemmas that a judicial response to sexual violence entails? In order to provide background to these insights, the characteristics of the #MeToo movement, and the associated dilemmas surrounding naming and shaming, will be discussed next. Finally, it will be discussed if #MeToo has led to social changes.


Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is universitair hoofddocent criminologie in de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. m.althoff@rug.nl
Kroniek

Genetische onderzoekdesigns in de criminologie

Een ‘toolbox’ voor onderzoek naar causaliteit en intergenera­tionele transmissie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden Genetica, Causaliteit, Erfelijkheid, Familie designs, Intergenerationeel
Auteurs Camiel van der Laan, Steve van de Weijer, Michel Nivard e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this essay the authors argue that social and genetic explanations for behavior are intertwined, and that genetically informed research designs can be a valuable addition to the toolbox that is available to criminologists for examining causal relationships and intergenerational transmission. From this ‘toolbox’ perspective, the authors discuss four study approaches: twin and family designs, genome-wide association studies, polygenetic scores and Mendelian Randomization. Finally, they address a number of practical considerations for applying genetically informed research designs in criminology.


Camiel van der Laan
C.M. van der Laan MSc is promovendus bij de afdeling Biologische Psychologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Steve van de Weijer
Dr. S.G.A. van de Weijer is onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Michel Nivard
Dr. M.G. Nivard is universitair docent bij de afdeling Biologische Psychologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dorret Boomsma
Prof. dr. D.I. Boomsma is hoogleraar Biologische Psychologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en directeur van het Nederlands Tweelingen Register.
Artikel

Access_open Straffen en belonen in detentie

Een planevaluatie van het Nederlandse systeem van Promoveren en Degraderen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden policy evaluation, evidence-based policy, behavioral change, incentives and earned privileges
Auteurs Jan Maarten Elbers, Esther van Ginneken, Miranda Boone e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although reward systems are utilized in prisons worldwide, evaluations regarding their intended use are lacking. This contribution reconstructs the policy theory of such a system: Promotion and Demotion, as implemented in Dutch prisons in 2014. With a policy scientific approach the intended target group, means, goals and causal mechanisms of the system were delineated. The policy theory assumes three means, ten goals and 24 causal mechanisms. The policy theory is insufficiently empirically substantiated on a number of points and takes limited account of (cognitively) impaired prisoners. This accurate reconstruction offers a unique insight into the assumed functioning of a part of Dutch detention policy and provides starting points for international considerations of behavioral change in detention.


Jan Maarten Elbers
J.M. Elbers MSc is Promovendus.

Esther van Ginneken
Dr. E.F.J.C. van Ginneken is Universitair Docent.

Miranda Boone
Prof. mr. dr. M.M. Boone is Hoogleraar Criminologie en Vergelijkende Penologie.

Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.

Hanneke Palmen
Dr. J.M.H. Palmen is Universitair Hoofddocent.
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