Zoekresultaat: 58 artikelen

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Artikel

Access_open Het aanpassingsdilemma online: een verkennend onderzoek naar extreemrechts op social media

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden far-right, online extremism, ideology, resistance, social media
Auteurs Dr. Robby Roks en Jolijn van der Schoot MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the ways the NVU, Pegida and Voorpost - three far-right groups from the Netherlands - make use of social media platforms in the year 2017. Our results show that these extreme right-wing groups use social media to spread their ideology, to construct a group identity, and to call for (democratic) forms of resistances. In addition, our findings illustrate that these far-right groups seem to adjust to their digital surroundings: they do not change or conceal their extremist ideas, but rather manage their online content to ensure that their ideologies can be disseminated through social media.


Dr. Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Jolijn van der Schoot MSc
J.M.W.A. van der Schoot MSc is Sociotherapeut bij de Forensische Zorgspecialisten. Haar scriptie ‘Extreemrechts Online’ (2018), geschreven als masterscriptie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit vormde de basis van het onderhavige artikel.
Artikel

Criminaliteit, digitalisering en de online sociale wereld: dezelfde processen in een nieuwe sociale context?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden digitalisation, crime, cybercrime, social media, online
Auteurs Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution reflects on the criminological meaning of the still ongoing trend of digitalisation. What does this mean for crime as a phenomenon and for the explanation of criminal behaviour? Not only did we see the emergence of new types of offending, also the context of crime has changed. In principle, the underlying explanatory processes can remain the same, but their application in the online world is complex and deserves further attention. Online social interactions are not only important for online crime, but also for traditional offenses. However, systematic research on how this actually takes place is scarce.


Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F.M. Weerman is bijzonder hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam.
Artikel

Re-integratie van ex-justitiabelen als speerpunt voor een herstelgerichte reclasseringspraktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden re-integratie, herstelgericht werken, reclassering, ex-gedetineerden
Auteurs Peter Nelissen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the development of a restorative justice probation practice is discussed from the perspective of the restorative justice principle of the inclusive community and the contribution of probation volunteers to the reintegration of (ex-)offenders through specific restorative justice intervention strategies. It is shown that in penal policy of the past decades the penal welfare-model and the aim of reintegration of ex-offenders has been overshadowed by a more utilitarian, punitive and management logic of criminal justice. As a result, the reintegration and social inclusion of ex-offenders has become a rather neglected area and, in the current liberal-democratic state, offenders face social conditions in which it is very hard to turn their life around. In addition it is suggested that both in mainstream and in restorative justice interventions, achievement of the goal of reintegration is often problematic or absent. Moreover, this lack of opportunities for connection may undermine and reduce the effects of interventions, including those with a restorative justice approach. Probation services that use specific restorative justice intervention strategies guided by both professionals and probation volunteers might contribute to a more active, inclusive role of the community and society in the reintegration of ex-offenders.


Peter Nelissen
Peter Nelissen is criminoloog en werkzaam als onderzoeker/consultant en als docent.
Artikel

Access_open ‘Ik ben een beunhaas in de criminologie’

In gesprek met Pieter Spierenburg

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Norbert Elias, punishment, historical criminology
Auteurs Dr. Tom Daems en Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article Tom Daems and René van Swaaningen discuss work and life of the late Dutch historian Pieter Spierenburg. The article is based on an interview the authors conducted with Spierenburg in November 2018 as well as his published work and excerpts of an unpublished biography. The article discusses in particular themes related to his interest in, and contributions to, the history of crime and punishment, in particular Spierenburg’s path-breaking book The Spectacle of Suffering (1984), his relation to Norbert Elias and the Amsterdam School and his critique of Michel Foucault.


Dr. Tom Daems
Dr. Tom Daems is hoofddocent bij het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (LINC), KU Leuven.

Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen is hoogleraar criminologie en voorzitter van de sectie criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De moeder als facilitator van intergenerationele overdracht binnen de georganiseerde misdaad

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden organized crime, intergenerational continuity, discontinuity, mother, parenting
Auteurs Meintje van Dijk Msc, Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans en Dr. Veroni Eichelsheim
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Previous research on intergenerational continuity of crime is primarily focused on transmission from fathers to children. In this article, we aim to give insight in the role of mothers in (the prevention of) continuity of organized crime. The results of our explorative study on 25 organized crime offenders based in Amsterdam and their partners and children, show that parenting skills and norms and values of mother seem to have an important role in both the intergenerational continuity of organized crime and the prevention of the transmission.


Meintje van Dijk Msc
A.M.M. van Dijk MSc is promovenda bij de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans
Prof. dr. E.R. Kleemans is hoogleraar zware criminaliteit en rechtshandhaving aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Veroni Eichelsheim
Dr. V.I. Eichelsheim is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

De gunfactor van herstelrecht

Clementie, compassie en de zorg om de dader

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Clementie, Vergeving, recht doen, tweede kans
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the willingness of the victim to judge the offender more mildly after the latter apologized for his wrongdoing and shows that he is involved in behavioral change. A large group of victims wants to help (young) perpetrators and offer them a second chance, even victims who have been treated violently. It is argued that these forms of compassion express a caring attitude, the wish that the offender will be rehabilitated and that a change in behaviour is more important than compensation. This attitude can also be referred to as ‘forbearance’, in terms that a less severe sanction is sufficient. This goodwill factor may well be the most important aspect of ‘doing justice’ in restorative meetings.


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is hoofdredacteur van dit tijdschrift. Hij is verbonden aan de vaksectie Strafrecht & Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Tot de thema’s die in zijn onderzoek aan bod komen behoren politie, burgerschap en lokale veiligheidszorg, straftheorie en herstelrecht. www.basvanstokkom.nl
Artikel

Wel of geen identiteitscontrole? Het dilemma van de ‘rule enforcer’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Identity control, Police, Rule enforcer, Selectivity, Discretionary space
Auteurs Dra Inès Saudelli
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It is common knowledge that the police in executing its duty as “rule enforcer” disposes of certain discretionary powers. Because of the heavy workload and the often ambiguous legislation, the police officer needs to decide on a selective basis when, how and towards whom he/she will act. These discretionary powers are present in proactive identity controls and already provoked strong reactions in the past. The media accused the police of over-controlling certain minority groups. With this ethnographic study into the Belgian practice of identity controls, in which we observe and interview police officers, we wish to get a better view of the way in which identity controls are executed. Although the research is still ongoing, we have already been able to establish that the decision-making process is based on a police feeling which police officers claim to have and which is formed by (a combination of) different triggers attracting their attention.


Dra Inès Saudelli
Inès Saudelli Onderzoeker criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel ines.saudelli@vub.ac.be
Artikel

Emotions and Explanation in Cultural Criminology

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden cultural criminology, emotions, affective states, explanation, theory
Auteurs dr. Nicolás Trajtenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Cultural Criminology (CC) is one of the most recent and exciting developments in criminological theory. Its main argument is that mainstream criminological theories provide inadequate explanations of crime due to epistemological and theoretical flaws. CC’s alternative involves assuming a phenomenological and interpretative approach that focuses on the cultural and emotional components of crime. In this article I shall argue that although CC makes a valid demand for more realistic and complex explanations of crime, its own alternative needs to deal with two main challenges referred to its conceptualization of explanation and emotion. First, two problematic antagonisms should be avoided: understanding vs. causal explanation; and universal nomothetic explanations as opposed to ideographic descriptions. Considering recent developments in philosophy of social science, particularly the ‘social mechanisms approach’, CC should focus on explaining retrospectively through identification of specific causal mechanisms rejecting universal and predictive pretensions. Second, although cultural criminologists rightly question the emotionless character of criminological explanations, they lack an articulated alternative conceptualization of emotions to explain crime. A more refined concept needs to be elaborated in dialogue with recent advances in social sciences.


dr. Nicolás Trajtenberg
Dr. Nicolás Trajtenberg is senior lecturer and researcher at the Department of Sociology, Universidad de la República (UdelaR), Uruguay. He holds a PhD in criminology by the Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge, UK. His main areas of research are explanation and theory in criminology, and youth violence. E-mail: nico.trajtenberg@gmail.com.
Artikel

Het verontschuldigingsritueel en herstelrecht

Het slachtofferperspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden apology ritual, The victim perspective, Sincerity, Physical aspect of apology, symbolic meaning of apology
Auteurs Inge Vanfraechem, Daniela Bolívar en Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Empirical research on restorative justice shows that offenders can apologise to victims. Because of the ritual component of restorative justice and the possible influence on the justice system, certain questions arise: how do victims perceive these apologies? Is it important for victims that these apologies are sincere? The aim of the article is to discuss these questions through three topics, namely the physical aspect of the ritual, the symbolic meaning for victims and the relation between the offender’s apologies and the victim’s reaction.


Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is consultant (Libra), senior vrijwillig wetenschappelijk medewerkers KU Leuven en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.

Daniela Bolívar
Daniela Bolívar is assistant professor aan de School of Social Work, Catholic University of Chile. Ze is board member van de International Journal of Restorative Justice en heeft een onderzoeksproject rond bemiddeling en jeugddelinquenten in Chili afgerond.

Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is professor herstelrecht en victimologie aan de KU Leuven en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

#HOUHETSTRAAT: straatcultuur op social media?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden street culture, Identity, social media, Performance
Auteurs Dr. Robby Roks en Jeroen van den Broek MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research on street culture in the Netherlands constitutes an area of relative paucity. Moreover, even less is known about the virtualisation of street culture. In this article, we draw on the social media accounts of a network of delinquent youngsters from Spangen, a neighbourhood in the Dutch city of Rotterdam. Analyzing tweets and images on social media, we found Goffmans (1959) notion of the ‘front’ in three main themes: the importance of the negative image of the locality, the communication of criminality, and emphasizing an oppositional relationship with the police. We argue that these results illustrate the performance of a street identity on social media.


Dr. Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. E-mail: roks@law.eur.nl.

Jeroen van den Broek MSc
J.B.A. van den Broek, MSc, is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Lectoraat Aanpak Jeugdcriminaliteit van Hogeschool Leiden en daarnaast als zelfstandig criminoloog actief vanuit Partner in Crime. E-mail: jbavandenbroek@gmail.com.
Artikel

Vechter buiten de ring; Narratief en biografie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Narratieve criminologie, Vechter, Biografie
Auteurs Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The most important mechanism for crime prevention is just the presence of guardians. Some counter arguments against this thesis are discussed and rejected. By manipulating the presence of guardians it is possible to influence the level of prevention. It is argued that a large scale evaluation of such measures is wanted.


Frank van Gemert
Frank van Gemert is als universitair docent verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Het sociaal netwerk van een criminele jeugdgroep

Omvang, kern en sleutelfiguren

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden criminal youth gang, social network analysis, key players (KPP-1), police records
Auteurs Gerard Wolters MSc, Matthijs Oosterhuis MSc en Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this study the authors examined a criminal youth gang of 35 persons in the Netherlands, using social network analysis, to answer the following questions. To what extent is it possible by means of police records to estimate the size of the complete social network of this criminal youth gang? To what extent are members of this original group part of the core of the complete network? To what extent have members of the original group a central position in the complete network (key players) and are, as such, responsible for holding the complete network together? Information is derived from police records. Results show that the size of the total network of this criminal youth gang consists of 593 individuals with a core of around hundred persons. Seven persons were identified as key players, among which six persons belonged to the original group. The social network approach in this study provides police and justice important indications for a more tailored approach regarding individuals within criminal networks.


Gerard Wolters MSc
G. Wolters MSc is werkzaam als analist bij de afdeling Analyse en Onderzoek van de Dienst Regionale Informatieorganisatie (DRIO) binnen de eenheid Noord-Nederland van de Nationale Politie.

Matthijs Oosterhuis MSc
Mr. M. Oosterhuis is als analist werkzaam bij de afdeling Analyse en Onderzoek van de Dienst Regionale Informatieorganisatie (DRIO), eenheid Noord-Nederland, van de Nationale Politie en bij het 1 Civiel en Militaire Interactiecommando van de Koninklijke Landmacht.

Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
Dr. J.K. Dijkstra is werkzaam als universitair hoofddocent aan de faculteit Gedrags- & Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Redactioneel

Criminele groepen: een inleiding

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Criminal groups, Gangs, Youth groups, Hybrid groups, Online offline
Auteurs Dr. Robby Roks, Prof. dr. Arjan Blokland en Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminal groups have traditionally been the focus of criminological research because of the collective dimension of many criminal activities or deviance. However, what constitutes a ‘criminal group’ or how specific criminal groups, like gangs, should be defined, remains open for discussion in the scientific literature. This introductory article highlights a number of recent developments illustrating the blurring boundaries between various criminal groups as defined by both insiders and outsiders. In addition, it suggests that the rise of social media and smartphones is changing the structure and dynamics of criminal groups. Future research should focus on how these (new) criminal groups originate, develop and function, but should also address the role of the group in criminal activities.


Dr. Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent bij de sectie criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. A.A.J. Blokland is bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit Leiden en senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F.M. Weerman is bijzonder hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Vechten op afspraak

Verklaringen voor georganiseerde vormen van groepsgeweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden collective, violence, hooliganism, organized confrontations, group dynamics
Auteurs Drs. Tom van Ham
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Collective violence around football has been a topic of research since the 1980s. In the Netherlands, in recent decades the size and severity of this problem have decreased sharply and the number of incidents has stabilized due to measures taken. At the same time, these measures have resulted in an increase of football-related incidents outside stadiums and on other days than match days. Confrontations based upon prior mutual agreements, so-called arranged confrontations, are an example of this. Based on multiple research methods, in this article the underlying causes of arranged confrontations and processes influencing individual participation are addressed. Results show that this type of collective violence and partaking in it has various causes and explanations. These fit with extant research literature in the area of group crime and collective violence and are incorporated in the recently developed initiation-escalation model.


Drs. Tom van Ham
Drs. T. van Ham is onderzoeker bij Bureau Beke en als buitenpromovendus verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Daders en herstel tijdens detentie: de cursussen Puinruimen, SOS en DAPPER

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Puinruimen, SOS, DAPPER, Herstelgerichte cursus, detentie
Auteurs Sven Zebel, Marieke Vroom en Elze Ufkes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch Custodial Institutions Agency (DJI) strives for a more restorative prison culture in the Netherlands, incorporating a more victim-oriented and restorative way of working in prisons. To this end, DJI has asked for a plan and process evaluation of three restorative courses among (juvenile and adult) prisoners in the Netherlands: Puinruimen, SOS and DAPPER. This article first offers an overview of the most important findings of this evaluation which was finalized in 2016. Based on the findings of the plan evaluation, a cautious yet clearly positive picture emerges of the design and substantiation of each of the three courses examined. That is, an extensive description and substantiation exists of each course. In addition, evidence exists in the (limited) scientific literature for one of the goals that each of these courses have formulated: to increase prisoners’ awareness of the consequences of crime for victims. The literature also suggests that creating trust among participants and a safe group process during the course is helpful in attaining the goals formulated. The process evaluation of the execution of the three courses in practice further strengthens the cautious, yet positive picture painted by the plan evaluation. An examination of the experiences of the courses’ participants lends further support to the observation that these courses can attain part of their goals. For example, after the course participants were more positive about the added value of victim-offender mediation for them personally than before.
    Aside from these findings, this article also argues for a deeper consideration of the constructive roles that both emotions guilt and shame can play in the restorative process of prisoners during these courses. The article ends with a number of recommendations for restorative courses in prison and a sketch of the current state of affairs in the Netherlands regarding these courses.


Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente.

Marieke Vroom
Marieke Vroom is freelance journalist en tekstschrijver en werkte als onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Twente.

Elze Ufkes
Elze G. Ufkes is universitair docent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Veroordeeld tot (g)een baan

Hoe delict- en persoonskenmerken arbeidsmarktkansen beïnvloeden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1-2 2017
Trefwoorden employment experiment, employment chances, labour market, conviction, ethnicity
Auteurs Dr. Chantal van den Berg, Dr. Lieselotte Blommaert, Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Previous research showed that job applicants with a criminal record have lower chances of obtaining employment compared to job applicants with no criminal record. At the same time empirical studies showed that having a job is especially beneficial for ex-delinquents, as employment was found to lower recidivism. The current study uses an experimental design to look into the influence of a criminal record on employment chances. For this purpose, 520 resumes and motivation letters were sent in response to vacancies published on the internet. All were identical except for the stated offence type (no offence, violent offence, property offence, or sexual offence), duration between conviction and application, business sector and ethnicity of the applicant. Results show no effect for type of offence or no offence on employment chances. However, a strong effect is found for ethnicity. Ethnic minorities with no conviction were even found to have lower chances of receiving a positive reaction compared to applicants with a Dutch name and a conviction for a violent offence.


Dr. Chantal van den Berg
Dr. C.J.W. van den Berg is onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Dr. Lieselotte Blommaert
Dr. E.C.C.A. Blommaert is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. C.C.J.H. Bijleveld is directeur van het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en hoogleraar Methoden en Technieken aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Stijn Ruiter
Prof. dr. S. Ruiter is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en bijzonder hoogleraar Sociale en ruimtelijke aspecten van deviant gedrag aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Discussie

Access_open Positief veiligheidsbeleid ook mogelijk met oorlogstaal?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden role models, responsivity, gang prevention, desistance, applied science
Auteurs dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How could positive security policies take shape? On what kind of empirical research should these policies be based? And what sort of concepts would we need for this development? If the starting point is to understand safety as a positive notion, it seems wise to avoid the terms of war that are prevailing in current policy programs on security and public safety (fighting, frontline and city-marines). On the other hand some type of decisive jargon might be unavoidable when one sets out to have an actual impact on youth crime policies and policy makers. Is it possible to keep using some type of military terminology in research benefitting the development of positive security policies and still emphasize a positive composition? This dilemma has arisen in recent research activities on positive, street-oriented role models in response to Dutch problematic youth groups and youth at risk. De Jong argues that with the sensitizing concept of the ‘liaison officer’ it might be possible to encourage a positive change through applied social science.


dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong is lector Aanpak Jeugdcriminaliteit, Cluster Social Work & Toegepaste Psychologie aan de Hogeschool Leiden, en wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Jeugdadvocaten en herstelbemiddeling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Jeugdadvocaat, Herstelbemiddeling, Minderjarige, kinderen
Auteurs Eric Van der Mussele
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the author gives insight in the tasks of a lawyer in mediation for minors. In the first part of his contribution he describes the legal framework, giving an overview of all relevant existing national and international legislation on children’s rights. Subsequently he describes the different tasks a lawyer has to attend in all stages of the mediation.


Eric Van der Mussele
Eric Van der Mussele is jeugdadvocaat aan de Balie van Antwerpen, sectiehoofd jeugdrecht BJB Balie Antwerpen en voorzitter UNIE van Jeugdadvocaten vzw, België.
Artikel

Begrip, rust, recht en regie: naar een verklaringsmodel voor de werking van herstelbemiddeling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden Verklaringsmodel, Effecten, Recidivevermindering, procedure, attributie
Auteurs Bas Vogelvang en Gert Jan Slump
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on a literature research and program evaluation of the practice of Victim in Focus (Slachtoffer in Beeld) in 2013, two issues are addressed: What are the possible effects of victim offender mediation? Which active mechanisms will cause or contribute to these effects? The authors describe the current context and developments in The Netherlands concerning restorative justice and then describe the effects and possible active mechanisms such as satisfaction, diminishing fear, anger and shame, information and consent, procedural justice, reduction of recidivism, compliance. In a synthesis of active mechanisms they present four domains or mediating factors: from incomprehension to comprehension (cognitive restoration); from unease to ease (emotional restoration); from injustice to justice (moral restoration); from powerless to powerful feelings (restoration of control). The victim offender mediation as a ritual has an impact or is supposed to have an impact on these four domains for both victims and offenders. Within the four domains four activities or interactions within victim offender mediation are presented: creating understanding through inter-subjectivity; expression of fear, trauma and shame; doing justice by excuses/apologies and restorative actions; regaining self control. Further research is needed to validate the model and to get more insight in essential or primary and secondary aspects in the explanation of the impacts of victim offender mediation.


Bas Vogelvang
Bas Vogelvang is lector Reclassering en Veiligheid van de Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch.

Gert Jan Slump
Gert Jan Slump is criminoloog, sociaal-maatschappelijk ondernemer en consultant, adviseur en trainer. In 2010 was hij medeoprichter van de Stichting Restorative Justice Nederland en sindsdien ontwikkelt hij samen met organisaties en professionals binnen het netwerk rond herstelrecht en herstelgericht werken in Nederland allerlei projecten op dit terrein. Hij is een veelgevraagd spreker op dit terrein. Gert Jan is ook actief op het terrein van professionaliseringsvraagstukken, onder meer binnen de jeugdzorg.
Diversen

Tilting at windmills

In pursuit of gang truths in a British city

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden gangs, violence, weapons, organisation
Auteurs Simon Hallsworth BSc (Hons) Sociology, LSE en Louise Dixon PhD
Auteursinformatie

Simon Hallsworth BSc (Hons) Sociology, LSE
Professor Simon Hallsworth is Executive Dean for the Faculty of Art, Business and Applied Social Science at University Campus Suffolk.

Louise Dixon PhD
Dr. Louise Dixon is Associate Professor at Victoria University of Wellington (New Zealand).
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