Zoekresultaat: 112 artikelen

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    In recent years, big data technology has revolutionised many domains, including policing. There is a lack of research, however, exploring which applications are used by the police, and the potential benefits of big data analytics for policing. Instead, literature about big data and policing predominantly focuses on predictive policing and its associated risks. The present paper provides new insights into the police’s current use of big data and algorithmic applications. We provide an up-to-date overview of the various applications of big data by the National Police in the Netherlands. We distinguish three areas: uniformed police work, criminal investigation, and intelligence. We then discuss two positive effects of big data and algorithmic applications for the police organization: accelerated learning and the formation of a single police organization.


Marc Schuilenburg
Marc Schuilenburg is bijzonder hoogleraar Digital Surveillance aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en universitair docent aan Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl.

Melvin Soudijn
Melvin Soudijn is senior onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Landelijke Eenheid Nationale Politie en research fellow bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving.
Artikel

Criminele netwerken achter orgaanhandel: een sociale netwerkanalyse van de Medicus-zaak

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden organ trafficking, social network analysis, organized crime
Auteurs Henrieke Doosje, Frederike Ambagtsheer en Arjan Blokland
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Though less well-known than for instance the narcotics or weapons trade, illegal organ trade is a lucrative business with yearly revenues estimated between 840 million and 1.7 billion USD. The most commonly reported form of organ trade is the trade in living donor kidneys. The current study maps the criminal network behind the illegal organ trade that took place in the Medicus clinic in Kosovo based on police files, indictments, transcripts of suspect and victim statements, court rulings and interviews. The Medicus case involved at least 27 living kidney donations. Operations were performed by eleven actors in teams of varying composition. The total criminal network consisted of 107 individuals and is characterized by a low density and features a number of central actors.


Henrieke Doosje
M.H. Doosje MSc LLB is criminoloog en masterstudente Straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden. Zij was ten tijde van het onderzoek masterstudente Forensische Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden en stagiaire bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam.

Frederike Ambagtsheer
Dr. F. Ambagtsheer LLM is Universitair Docent bij het Transplantatie Instituut van het Erasmus MCin Rotterdam.

Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. mr. A.A.J. Blokland is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Procedurele rechtvaardigheid in de strafrecht­keten

Hoe ervaren gedetineerden de bejegening door strafrecht­actoren?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden procedural justice, treatment, multiple criminal justice authorities, criminal justice system
Auteurs Matthias van Hall, Anja Dirkzwager, Peter van der Laan e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It has been proposed that when people perceive their treatment by criminal justice actors as more procedurally just, they will be more likely to comply with the law. Existing research mainly focused on the police or the judge. This longitudinal study examined how prisoners experienced their treatment by five different criminal justice actors using data from the Prison Project. The prisoners were most positive about the procedurally fair treatment by their lawyer and least positive about the treatment by the police. Additionally, the perceived treatment by the police was associated with the treatment by other actors at subsequent moments.


Matthias van Hall
M. van Hall MSc is promovendus bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Peter van der Laan
Prof. P.H. van der Laan is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en bijzonder hoogleraar reclassering aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

De Scheldestad of Manhattan aan de Maas? Een vergelijkende analyse van de Antwerpse en Rotterdamse havens bij de in- en doorvoer van cocaïne

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden cocaine trafficking, Transnational organized crime, Corruption, public-private partnership, routine activity approach
Auteurs Richard Staring, Lieselot Bisschop, Charlotte Colman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The ports of Rotterdam and Antwerp are among the main European ports of entry for the import and further distribution of cocaine. Earlier research underlines the interchangeability of these ports regarding the criminal networks trafficking cocaine into Europe. In this contribution, the interchange­ability of these European sea ports regarding cocaine trafficking is questioned. Based on empirical research, and applying the routine activity approach, the Port of Rotterdam and the Port of Antwerp are compared with respect to their physical characteristics, the potential, motivated offenders, as well as the existing public and private security measures.


Richard Staring
Prof. dr. R.H.J.M. Staring is hoogleraar Empirische Criminologie bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Lieselot Bisschop
Prof. dr. L.C.J. Bisschop is Professor of Public and Private Interests bij Department of Criminology & Erasmus Initiative on Dynamics of Inclusive Prosperity van de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Charlotte Colman
Prof. dr. C. Colman is docent Criminologie bij de Faculteit Recht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Gent. Zij is tevens postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij het Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek.

Jelle Janssens
Prof. dr. J. Janssens is hoofddocent bij het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy van de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht, Sociaal Recht, Faculteit Recht en Criminologie, van de Universiteit Gent.

Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Open heimelijke netwerken in de Nederlandstalige georganiseerde synthetische-drugscriminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden synthetic drugs, poly-drug trafficking, organized crime, encrypted communication data, social network analysis
Auteurs Irma Vermeulen, Melvin Soudijn en Wouter van der Leest
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, the authorities have dismantled several encrypted phone providers. These providers stored millions of messages about covert activities that were overtly exchanged between criminals. This type of communication offers a unique insight into serious organized crime and the people involved. Based on one such intercepted encrypted phone network, called PGP-Safe, we carried out a social network analysis on the Dutch-speaking synthetic drug market. Three findings stand out. Firstly, three-quarters of all accounts (N=4,158) are interconnected in a giant component, resulting in a criminal small-world effect. Secondly, the network appears to be robust. As a consequence, the removal of central accounts will hardly have any impact on the network as a whole. Thirdly, the majority of the accounts within the synthetic drug market is involved in poly-drug trafficking. The Dutch synthetic drug market is much more closely intertwined with other drug markets than is commonly known.


Irma Vermeulen
Drs. I.J. Vermeulen MSc is onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Dienst Landelijke Informatieorganisatie van de Landelijke Eenheid van de politie.

Melvin Soudijn
Dr. M.R.J. Soudijn is senior onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Dienst Landelijke Informatieorganisatie van de Landelijke Eenheid van de politie.

Wouter van der Leest
Drs. W.P.E. van der Leest is onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Dienst Landelijke Informatieorganisatie van de Landelijke Eenheid van de politie.
Artikel

Het grensgebied als waterbed voor drugscriminaliteit?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden displacement, cross-border crime, organized drug crime, policy effectiveness, balloon effect
Auteurs Rik Ceulen, Stephan Van Nimwegen en Toine Spapens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper concerns the question whether in the period 2011-2017 displacement effects occurred from the Netherlands to Belgium in the context of synthetic drugs production, cannabis cultivation, and retail of illicit drugs, and if so, how these may be explained. We conclude that displacement took place in modi operandi of retail drug dealers. This is explained foremost by the policy of banning non-residents from Dutch coffeeshops in border region municipalities. Dealers and traffickers responded by switching to local distribution in Belgium as well as deliveries by drug couriers. The synthetic drugs and cannabis cultivation markets show minor changes in modi operandi, but no changes occurred in choosing production locations. Displacement effects in the context of organized drug crime must be explained from a range of factors. Reality is therefore more complex than assuming that government interventions are the main cause of a balloon effect.


Rik Ceulen
R. Ceulen MSc. is criminoloog bij de gemeente Tilburg.

Stephan Van Nimwegen
S.J.M. Van Nimwegen MCI is operationeel specialist/onderzoeker bij de Nationale Politie.

Toine Spapens
Prof. dr. A.C.M. Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie bij de Tilburg University.
Artikel

‘Laat je niet misleiden door afwijkende prijzen’

Een exploratieve studie naar de ambiguïteit van betrouwbaarheid van cocaïnedealers op Telegram Messenger

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden drug dealing, trust, signaling theory, social media, netnography
Auteurs Robby Roks en Joëlle Hendriksen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to advance our understanding of digital drug markets on social media, this article examines the trustworthiness of cocaine dealers on Telegram Messenger. Based on an exploratory netnography, we illustrate that digital dealers on Telegram Messenger use a number of sales tactics to attract potential customers, emphasizing the quality of the goods and service and (competitive) pricing strategies. These sales tactics include various signals that seem intended to appear as trustworthy as possible to potential customers. Seen from the perspective of signaling theory, our study highlights the ambiguity of these signals that, depending on the online observer, could both signal trustworthiness and untrustworthiness.


Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Joëlle Hendriksen
J.M.C. Hendriksen MSc is projectassistent bij RIEC Midden-Nederland districtelijk team Ondermijning Flevoland. Haar scriptie ‘“Dankjewel gozer, nooit meer een andere dealer”: een netnografische studie naar risico en vertrouwen in het online vraag en aanbod van verdovende middelen via Telegram Messenger’ (2020), geschreven als masterscriptie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, vormde de basis van het onderhavige artikel.
Artikel

Access_open Netwerken van netwerken in transit

De doorvoer van cocaïne via Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden cocaine trafficking, ping-pong trade, poly-drug trafficking, qualitative social network analysis, transnational networks of networks
Auteurs Vanessa Dirksen, Wouter van der Leest en Irma Vermeulen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes traits of the hitherto underexposed transit trade of cocaine via the Netherlands, based on a qualitative social network analysis of a diversity of data. Research findings show that the transit trade via the Netherlands is dominated by poly-drug trafficking. It is noteworthy that streams of predominantly mono-drugs are entering the Netherlands, while mainly streams of poly-drugs are leaving the country. Our research furthermore shows that cocaine intended for European markets may be transited via the Netherlands to European countries to which the cocaine was initially imported. This is what we refer to as ping-pong trade. Another characteristic of the transit trade of cocaine via the Netherlands is that the actors involved, mainly coordinate parts of the cocaine supply chain. Although different groups within the cocaine distribution chain collaborate, this does not necessarily mean they actually know each other. Taken together, the organization of the distributive trade of cocaine is in this article positioned as an interdependent transnational network of networks (NoN). We suggest that future research into the transit trade of cocaine should apply such a transnational NoN perspective to fully grasp the interdependence of the micro and meso levels of the trade and, in so doing, ultimately comprehend the effect this may have on the macro level.


Vanessa Dirksen
Dr. V. Dirksen is universitair docent en onderzoeker bij de afdeling Informatiekunde van de Open Universiteit.

Wouter van der Leest
Drs. W.P.E. van der Leest is onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Dienst Landelijke Informatieorganisatie van de Landelijke Eenheid van de politie.

Irma Vermeulen
Drs. I.J. Vermeulen MSc is onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Dienst Landelijke Informatieorganisatie van de Landelijke Eenheid van de politie.
Artikel

Daderschap in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden environmental crime, offenders, responsibilities, Anthropocene
Auteurs Lieselot Bisschop
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Past and present human activity lies at the basis of the unprecedented environmental crisis we face today. This article explores the drivers and dynamics that are directly and indirectly responsible for the environmental crisis in the Anthropocene by using a green and organizational criminology perspective and combining it with insights from perpetrator studies. Responsible actors and responsibilities are discussed on societal, organizational and individual level. Lessons are drawn on how existing insights in criminology can be challenged to better accommodate for the ecological challenges in the antropocene and on what that means for criminologists experiencing and researching the Anthropocene.


Lieselot Bisschop
Prof. dr. Lieselot Bisschop is professor of Public and Private Interests, Erasmus School of Law, Sectie Criminologie en Erasmus Initiative on Dynamics of Inclusive Prosperity. bisschop@law.eur.nl, Rotterdam
Artikel

Een kijkje achter de schermen: een kwalitatieve studie over het ontstaan van cybercriminele carrières

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden cybercrime, cyber offenders, criminal careers, online disinhibition, pathways
Auteurs Sifra Matthijsse, Wytske van der Wagen, Elina van ’t Zand e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This qualitative study examines how criminal careers in cybercrime start and can be explained. Based on offender and expert interviews, the authors conclude that traditional factors linked with the initiation, such as a maturity gap (for juvenile offenders) and opportunism (for adult offenders), in combination with different types of (online) disinhibition – social, technical, situational and psychological – can explain the start of a criminal career. Features of the digital context appear to play a major role in the development of a criminal career and this requires more online supervision and education about – among other things – legal alternatives and the risks and boundaries of the online environment.


Sifra Matthijsse
S.R. Matthijsse MSc is als practicumdocent en tutor verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Wytske van der Wagen
Dr. W. van der Wagen is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Elina van ’t Zand
Dr. mr. E.G. van ’t Zand is als universitair docent criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Tamar Fischer
Dr. T.F.C. Fischer is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Mensenhandel en mensensmokkel op Curaçao: een crime-scriptanalyse

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden exploitation, crime scripting, situational crime prevention, Caribbean, Latin America
Auteurs Zahyanne Luisa
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article contains the results of a crime script analysis regarding the processes of human trafficking and human smuggling in Curaçao. The crime script analysis was conducted using data from five criminal investigations of human trafficking and seven criminal investigations of human smuggling. The results show that human trafficking in Curaçao consists of labor exploitation and sexual exploitation in bars, cafes and clubs. Young women are recruited from Colombia, Venezuela and the Dominican Republic to work as waitresses, trago girls and/or prostitutes. Once they arrive on the island, the women are dependent on the perpetrators and are subjected to exploitation In this research, two types of human smuggling have been witnessed. The first type consists of Venezuelan smugglers who transport fellow Venezuelan nationals to Curaçao by boat in exchange for payment. The second type of smugglers are Curaçao locals who rent out rooms to Venezuelans that reside on the island illegally.


Zahyanne Luisa
Z.C.R. Luisa MSc, LLM is momenteel werkzaam bij het Ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Artikel

Access_open Witwassen als bedrijfsmatige activiteit: de verborgen netwerken van witwassers

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden money laundering, financial facilitators, networked criminology, organized crime
Auteurs Jo-Anne Kramer, Arjan Blokland en Melvin Soudijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Financial Action Task Force reported that money launderers may operate in professional money laundering networks. Whether such money laundering networks operate in the Netherlands is unclear. In this article the authors therefore explore whether professional money launderers collaborate in network structures and the business-like manner in which they offer their services. Business-like refers to their involvement in multiple cases, the amount of repeat customers, and excludes family relations. The research is based on Dutch police registrations of 236 professional money launderers. Our results suggest that professional money laundering networks are indeed active in the Netherlands and that money launderers in these networks offer their services in a business-like manner to a varying extent. An important caveat to the current findings is that the criminal cases analyzed predominantly pertain drug-related offenses, leaving the existence and professionalism of money laundering networks in other types of crime, like large-scale fraud, a question open for future research.


Jo-Anne Kramer
J. Kramer MSc is onderzoeker en docent Criminologie bij de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en was als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam.

Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. mr. A.A.J. Blokland is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Melvin Soudijn
Dr. M.R.J. Soudijn is research fellow bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en Operationeel Specialist bij de Nationale Politie.
Artikel

Een netwerkbenadering van de prostitutiesector in Noord-Nederland op basis van politie­registraties

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden social network analysis, hidden population estimation, subgroup detection, key player problem, prostitution
Auteurs Johan Hiemstra, Gijs Huitsing en Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The aim of this study was to investigate the scale and network structure of prostitution in the northern provinces of the Netherlands. This study tries to answer three research questions – using a social network analysis – about (1) the size of the prostitution network, (2) the formation of subgroups, and (3) key positions within the networks. The findings show that approximately two thirds of the researched prostitution networks is still unregistered, while there are indications that the outcome of the estimate is in line with the actual situation. Furthermore, results show that prostitutes have a tendency to form subgroups on the basis of the same nationality, which indicates that homophily plays a role in the formation of subgroups. The identification of the actors who occupy key positions in the network were based on the key player problem (KPP). A striking finding was that organizers of prostitution (such as pimps) did not have a central position in the networks. These findings provide insight into the way in which prostitution is registered, and provide points of departure for interventions to disrupt the network or, on the contrary, to strengthen it.


Johan Hiemstra
J.H.J. Hiemstra MSc is werkzaam als onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse en Onderzoek van de Dienst Regionale Informatieorganisatie (DRIO) binnen de eenheid Oost-Nederland van de Nationale Politie en is als PhD-student verbonden aan de vakgroep Sociologie van de faculteit Gedrags- en Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Gijs Huitsing
Dr. G. Huitsing is werkzaam als universitair docent bij de vakgroep Sociologie van de faculteit Gedrags- en Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
Dr. J.K. Dijkstra is werkzaam als senior analist bij het Regionaal Informatie en Expertise Centrum (RIEC) Noord-Nederland en als universitair hoofddocent bij de vakgroep Sociologie van de faculteit Gedrags- en Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

De vechter en de bierkaai

Kickboksbiografie in context

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden kickboxing, criminal and sporting career, biography in context
Auteurs Dr. Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Hesdy Gerges is a heavyweight kickboxer whose career was interrupted because of his involvement in an cocaine transport. This article is analyzes the biography of this top fighter, describing the macro context of an expanding market for full-contact martial arts, the meso level of the gym and its relation to the criminal milieu, and the fighter and his body on the micro level. Hesdy is used to set an example, and since it takes more than seven years to reach a verdict, the impact on his private life and his career as a fighter is large. The study is based on participant observation and 33 interviews, twenty of which with the protagonist.


Dr. Frank van Gemert
Dr. Frank van Gemert is universitair docent bij de afdeling criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Het ontrafelen van de effectpuzzel

Aandacht voor de werkzame ingrediënten van slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling voor daders

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden Fellegi, moraliteit, neutralisatietechnieken, schaamte, sociale bindingen
Auteurs Sven Zebel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Why and how mediated contact between victims and offenders (and members from their networks) leads to positive outcomes, remains a difficult question to answer. Not surprisingly therefore, this topic has been the focus of attention of multiple articles in the past twenty years of this journal. In this contribution, the inspiring article of Borbala Fellegi (2008), titled ‘Explaining the impact of restorative justice. The “4-way interaction” of morality, neutralisation, shame and bonds’ is celebrated. Fellegi presents a theoretical framework in which the added value of restorative, mediated victim-offender meetings for the re-integration of offenders is outlined compared to other judicial responses to crime. Central to her argument is that the mediation process affects in particular the four criminogenic factors mentioned in the title. In this contribution two innovative, working mechanisms of the mediation process that she proposes, are highlighted. First, the preparation phase in which the neutral mediator initiates and facilitates discussion of the crime and its consequences for the victim(s) with the offender. Fellegi proposes that this mechanism can (start to) lift the criminogenic factor moral reasoning of the offender. Second, the restorative focus of the encounter itself between the victim and offender, in which both parties can express how they were affected, express their emotions (such as shame feelings of the offender) and discuss jointly how restoration and reparation might be achieved. This should reduce the criminogenic factor neutralisation, increase moral reasoning, and might contribute to integrative social bonds between the parties and their networks. Thus, Fellegi’s work has made innovative suggestions about the working mechanisms of victim-offender mediation – these suggestions offer useful hypotheses that can be tested empirically.


Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair hoofddocent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente. In zijn onderzoek richt hij zich op de psychologische reacties op criminaliteit en conflict, en op de impact van interventies die trachten te herstellen en het risico op recidive te verlagen. In het bijzonder is hij geïnteresseerd in de inzet van digitale technologie om herstelrechtelijke (interactie)processen beter te begrijpen en te optimaliseren.
Artikel

Defaunatie en de coronapandemie

Overexploitatie bezien vanuit een groen criminologisch perspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden defaunation, corona, wildlife trade, excess, ecological interaction
Auteurs Dr. Daan van Uhm
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The overexploitation of nature has led to anthropogenic defaunation, which results in complex socioeconomic, political and ecological consequences. Influenced by the economic growth of modernization and the interconnectedness of globalization, zoonotic diseases emerge as incalculable side effects of defaunation. By rejecting anthropocentric worldviews, this article critically examines anthropogenic defaunation and the causes and consequences of the coronavirus pandemic from a green criminological perspective.


Dr. Daan van Uhm
Dr. Daan van Uhm is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Online jeugdcriminaliteit en ‘verkeerde vrienden’: wanneer is de samenhang het sterkst?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden cyber delinquency, cyber offenders, peer deviance, social network
Auteurs Yaloe van der Toolen MSc, Dr. Marleen Weulen Kranenbarg en Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article investigates whether cyber delinquent behaviour of school friends, other offline friends and online contacts is related to cyber delinquent behaviour of individuals, and whether this relation differs for cyber dependent, cyber enabled and traditional crime. We used both direct and indirect measures of cyber delinquency of friends. We employed data from the first wave of a large-scale study on the causes of online delinquency among Dutch juveniles (n=889; mean age=16.8 years). The results suggest that both direct and indirect measures of levels of friend delinquency were related to levels of individual cyber offending. However, indirect measures had a stronger association with individual online delinquency than direct measures. This suggests that respondents make incorrect estimates of their friends’ levels of online delinquency. Moreover, no differences were found in the strength of the relation between individual online offending and indirect measures of online offending of school friends, offline friends and online friends. This suggests that friends of different types all play an important role in individual online offending.


Yaloe van der Toolen MSc
Y. van der Toolen MSc is junior onderzoeker bij de sectie Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en junior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam.

Dr. Marleen Weulen Kranenbarg
Dr. M. Weulen Kranenbarg is universitair docent Criminologie bij de sectie Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F.M. Weerman is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar Jeugdcriminologie bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Risicogedrag van jongeren

In hoeverre verschilt de invloed van leeftijdsgenoten op het beginnen met risicogedrag en aanpassen in risicogedrag?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden antisocial behavior, social network analysis, SIENA, subtance use, onset
Auteurs Dr. Aart Franken, Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra, Dr. Zeena Harakeh e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Studies investigating peer influence on risk behaviors, such as antisocial behavior and substance abuse, mostly study the amount of change in which adolescents adapt their risk behavior to become more similar to their friends. Onset of risk behavior, changing form having no experience to having any experience with risk behavior, has been studies far less. This study investigates friends’ influence on the onset of risk behavior and their influence in changes in risk behavior. Hypotheses were tested using SNARE (Social Network Analysis of Risk behavior in Early adolescence) data (N=1.144), containing information on risk behavior (i.e. antisocial behavior, alcohol use, and tobacco use) and friendship networks at three timepoints during the first year of secondary education (Mage= 12.7; SD=0.47). Analyses, using longitudinal social network analysis (RSIENA), showed that although adolescents adapt their risk behavior to become more similar to their friends, they are not influence in by their friends in the onset of risk behavior. These findings suggest s more nuanced role of friends in the onset of risk behavior. Interventions aiming at friends might benefit from differentiating between the onset and further (dis)continuation of risk behavior as these friendship influence processes might be less relevant for the onset of risk behavior.


Dr. Aart Franken
Dr. A. Franken is psycholoog NIP (i.o.t. gz-psycholoog) bij de Praktijk voor leer- en gedragsadviezen.

Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
Dr. J.K. Dijkstra is UHD Sociologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en senior-analist RIEC Noord.

Dr. Zeena Harakeh
Dr. Z. Harakeh is onderzoeker bij TNO, expertisegebied Child Health.

Dr. Wilma Vollebergh
Prof. dr. W.A.M. Vollebergh is emeritus hoogleraar Jeugdstudies aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Het verhaal gaat …

Een positief criminologische visie op radicalisering

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden positieve criminologie, polarisatie, staircase model, continuum of violence, typologie van geweld
Auteurs Anneke van Hoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The first part of this article presents three academic theories on radicalisation: Moghaddam’s staircase model of radicalisation, Galtung’s typology of violence (direct, structural and cultural violence), and Staub’s psycho-educative approach. The core of Staub’s approach is that in conflict periods, people can be psychologically manipulated through their own fears, insecurities and unresolved traumas. Therefore, psycho-education and the empowerment of people are highly necessary to stimulate citizens to function as active bystanders when they are confronted with wrongdoing. In the second part of this article some promising approaches are pres­en‍ted which might increase personal and social resilience. The role of narratives in understanding experiences and changing identities is discussed. Radio La Benevolencija in Rwanda uses the power of storytel­l‍ing to stimulate resilience among the population. In the concluding paragraph a two-pronged strategy on radicalization is presented. This positive criminological perspective aims to promote active bystandership, participation and resilience.


Anneke van Hoek
Anneke van Hoek is zelfstandig gevestigd criminoloog en medeoprichter van Restorative Justice Nederland en Stichting Radio La Benevolencija.
Artikel

De herstelrechtelijke reactie op extremistisch geweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden extremisme, terrorisme, Spanje, Italië, Noord-Ierland
Auteurs Evelien Rens, Katrien Lauwaert en Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Organizing restorative justice practices around crimes involving extremist violence remains a difficult task. It is not self-evident to bring perpetrators with very specific and radical ideas into contact with their victims. Nevertheless, interesting initiatives have been made in a number of European countries. In Spain, Italy and Northern Ireland, among others, initiatives were taken in response to the extremist violence that these countries experienced at the end of the 20th century. These initiatives have a very specific context and praxis, initiated ad hoc with attention to the specific needs of those involved. In no case can they be considered standard models or generalized practices. This contribution describes some of these initiatives in Spain, Italy and Northern Ireland and reflects on the potential uses of these dialogues in general.


Evelien Rens
Evelien Rens is studente criminologische wetenschappen aan de KU Leuven en stagiaire bij Moderator Forum voor Herstelrecht en Bemiddeling vzw.

Katrien Lauwaert
Katrien Lauwaert is beleidscoördinator bij Moderator Forum voor Herstelrecht en Bemiddeling vzw en bijzonder hoogleraar restorative justice aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is emeritus hoogleraar aan de KU Leuven, Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie en hoofdredacteur van The International Journal of Restorative Justice.
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