Zoekresultaat: 195 artikelen

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Artikel

Burgerparticipatie bij vermissingen: een toepassing van de Theory of Planned Behavior binnen de districtsrecherche

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden citizen participation, decision making, Policing, criminal investigation, police discretion
Auteurs Jerôme Lam, Eline Schoonderwoerd en Nicolien Kop
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the use of citizen participation in urgent missing person cases. The Theory of Planned Behavior was used to examine which specific considerations investigators have in this regard and which have the greatest influence on the choice of whether or not to involve citizens. The findings suggest that this choice is primarily attitude-driven. Detectives are predominantly positive about participation, but see harm to the investigation as the main risk. A practical implication is to focus collaboration primarily on professionally organized groups of citizens to reduce (perceived) risks.


Jerôme Lam
Drs. J.M. Lam is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de Afdeling Onderzoek van de Politieacademie.

Eline Schoonderwoerd
E. Schoonderwoerd MCI is Operationeel Specialist A bij de Eenheid Midden-Nederland.

Nicolien Kop
Dr. N. Kop is lector Criminaliteitsbeheersing en Recherchekunde bij de Afdeling Onderzoek van de Politieacademie.
Redactioneel

Relaties tussen politie en burgers in een veranderende context

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Interaction, Police-citizen, Police organization, Societal developments, Organizational developments
Auteurs Jan Terpstra, Antoinette Verhage en Lisa van Reemst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the past years important changes have occurred in police work in the Netherlands and Belgium. These developments, and new questions that arose because of these developments, are the reason we dedicate a special issue to ‘the police and citizen in a changing context’. In this introduction of this issue, we describe a number of developments and new questions. We address the changing distance between police officers and citizens, authority and trust, the role of citizens, technology and digitization and growing complexity and diversity. In addition, the articles in this special issue are introduced.


Jan Terpstra
Prof. dr. ir. J. Terpstra is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie aan de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen en fellow aan de Vrije Universiteit te Brussel (Crime & Society Research Group).

Antoinette Verhage
Prof. dr. A. Verhage is hoofddocent aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht en lid van het IRCP (Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy), Universiteit Gent.

Lisa van Reemst
Dr. L. van Reemst is Universitair docent aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Oude wijn in nieuwe zakken?

Een studie naar de gepercipieerde effectiviteit van buurtinformatienetwerken in een veranderende context

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden community safety, crime prevention, neighborhood inhabitants, Neighborhood Watch, police
Auteurs Thom Snaphaan, Lieven Pauwels en Wim Hardyns
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The rise of the internet and social media has important consequences for the way we interact, communicate and access information. This has repercussions for the police organization and also for the cooperation between police and citizens. One of these forms of cooperation between police and citizens are neighborhood watch (NW) projects (also known as ‘BINs’ in Belgium and ‘burgerwachten’ in the Netherlands). This study uses semi-structured interviews (n=380) in Belgium to examine how NW members and non-NW members perceive the effectiveness of both formal and informal NW projects and how the two relate to each other. The perceived effectiveness is assessed based on several criteria, including impact on crime, fear of crime, policing, and the relationship between police and citizens.


Thom Snaphaan
T. Snaphaan, MSc is veiligheidswetenschapper en criminoloog. Hij is doctoraatsonderzoeker aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht van de Universiteit Gent en lid van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP).

Lieven Pauwels
Prof. dr. L.J.R. Pauwels is professor aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht van de Universiteit Gent en directeur van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP).

Wim Hardyns
Prof. dr. W. Hardyns is professor aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht van de Universiteit Gent en lid van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP). Daarnaast is hij als gastprofessor verbonden aan de master in de Veiligheidswetenschappen van de Universiteit Antwerpen.

    In recent years, big data technology has revolutionised many domains, including policing. There is a lack of research, however, exploring which applications are used by the police, and the potential benefits of big data analytics for policing. Instead, literature about big data and policing predominantly focuses on predictive policing and its associated risks. The present paper provides new insights into the police’s current use of big data and algorithmic applications. We provide an up-to-date overview of the various applications of big data by the National Police in the Netherlands. We distinguish three areas: uniformed police work, criminal investigation, and intelligence. We then discuss two positive effects of big data and algorithmic applications for the police organization: accelerated learning and the formation of a single police organization.


Marc Schuilenburg
Marc Schuilenburg is bijzonder hoogleraar Digital Surveillance aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en universitair docent aan Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl.

Melvin Soudijn
Melvin Soudijn is senior onderzoeker bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Landelijke Eenheid Nationale Politie en research fellow bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving.
Artikel

Access_open Predictive policing: een balans na zes jaar ­empirisch evaluatieonderzoek in België

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden predictive policing, big data, police, crime statistics, Belgium
Auteurs Wim Hardyns en Anneleen Rummens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Predictive policing is the use of historical crime and other data in complex statistical models to predict where and when there is a high risk of new crime events. These predictions can then be used to direct police patrols proactively. Despite the increasing use and commercialisation of predictive policing worldwide, academic research into the methodological and operational dimensions of predictive policing is relatively limited. Since 2015 we have researched and tested several predictive crime models methodologically and operationally, based on police and other (big) data sources in several Belgian police districts. In this article, we summarise the results of six years of empirical research into predictive policing and look to the future of predictive policing research and practice.


Wim Hardyns
Wim Hardyns is professor in de Criminologische Wetenschappen aan het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP), Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht, Universiteit Gent, en gastprofessor in de Veiligheidswetenschappen aan de Universiteit Antwerpen. wim.hardyns@ugent.be

Anneleen Rummens
Anneleen Rummens werkte onder promotorschap van Wim Hardyns als onderzoekster aan het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP), Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht, Universiteit Gent.
Artikel

Access_open Tussen tegenhouden en reguleren: de bestuurlijke aanpak van outlaw motorcycle gangs in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden mayors, administrative approach, prevention, barriers, organized crime
Auteurs Teun van Ruitenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dutch mayors play an increasingly prominent role in tackling (organized) crime. However, empirical research into how mayors fulfil this role remains scarce. Based on 23 interviews with nineteen mayors and sixteen municipal officials, this study reveals the different ways in which mayors have given meaning to the administrative approach of outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs) in the period 2012-2017. While the national approach to OMCGs fits within the wider focus in society on prevention and the exclusion of ‘risky groups’, this empirical study shows how mayors give their own effect to this focus at the local level.


Teun van Ruitenburg
Dr. T. van Ruitenburg is postdoconderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Big data, kleine rechtsstaat?

Over de roep van uitvoerende professionals om rechtstatelijke bezinning bij big-datatoepassingen in de Nederlandse politiefunctie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden big data, politiefunctie, rechtsstaat, technologische innovatie
Auteurs Remco Spithoven en Elsa Foppen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The promises of big data have reached the domain of safety and security. After these techniques proved their added value in the private sector, they soon reached the attention of the public sector. In this article we present the results of our interviews with 27 executive professionals of the Dutch police and the department of public order and safety of local governments. What are their expectations of big data? Their experience with big data varied. Our respondents gave expression to a basic positive attitude towards intelligence led policing and the chances that big data brings to it. But anticipation of working with big data was not free from discussion and the respondents stressed the need for securing privacy and other constitutional rights of citizens before big data applications are implemented in the police function. With that, our respondents strongly aligned with the international, academic call for a constitutional reflection about the application of big data withing the police function.


Remco Spithoven
Dr. Remco Spithoven is lector Maatschappelijke Veiligheid bij Hogeschool Saxion en tevens hoofdredacteur van Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid. r.spithoven@saxion.nl

Elsa Foppen
Elsa Foppen is onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Maatschappelijke Veiligheid en docent bij de opleiding Integrale Veiligheidskunde/Security Management bij Hogeschool Saxion.
Boekbespreking

Gestolen eer

Naming and shaming van mannen betrokken bij eergerelateerd geweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Auteurs Janine Janssen
Auteursinformatie

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de nationale politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit. Zij is redacteur van het Tijdschrift over Cultuur en Criminaliteit. jhlj.janssen@avans.nl
Artikel

Naming and shaming seksueel geweld

#MeToo als politieke beweging?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden MeToo, naming and shaming, seksueel geweld, feminism
Auteurs Martina Althoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    #MeToo is a social movement that started on social media and spread from the US all over the world in 2017. The social movement behind #MeToo is characterised by publicly naming and shaming those who exhibit everyday misconduct in the workplace. This is done by spreading naming and shaming stories via Twitter messages. A question that arises here is whether naming and shaming is a suitable and successful tool for a political movement that aims to bring about social change with regard to sexual violence. Has #MeToo changed the social perspective on sexual violence and social norms of behaviour for sexual encounters? To answer these questions, first a historical sketch of the feminist movements against sexual violence will be provided. What is characteristic of these movements and what are possible parallels with the #MeToo movement? From a feminist perspective, are there any dilemmas that a judicial response to sexual violence entails? In order to provide background to these insights, the characteristics of the #MeToo movement, and the associated dilemmas surrounding naming and shaming, will be discussed next. Finally, it will be discussed if #MeToo has led to social changes.


Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is universitair hoofddocent criminologie in de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. m.althoff@rug.nl
Artikel

Access_open Straffen en belonen in detentie

Een planevaluatie van het Nederlandse systeem van Promoveren en Degraderen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden policy evaluation, evidence-based policy, behavioral change, incentives and earned privileges
Auteurs Jan Maarten Elbers, Esther van Ginneken, Miranda Boone e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although reward systems are utilized in prisons worldwide, evaluations regarding their intended use are lacking. This contribution reconstructs the policy theory of such a system: Promotion and Demotion, as implemented in Dutch prisons in 2014. With a policy scientific approach the intended target group, means, goals and causal mechanisms of the system were delineated. The policy theory assumes three means, ten goals and 24 causal mechanisms. The policy theory is insufficiently empirically substantiated on a number of points and takes limited account of (cognitively) impaired prisoners. This accurate reconstruction offers a unique insight into the assumed functioning of a part of Dutch detention policy and provides starting points for international considerations of behavioral change in detention.


Jan Maarten Elbers
J.M. Elbers MSc is Promovendus.

Esther van Ginneken
Dr. E.F.J.C. van Ginneken is Universitair Docent.

Miranda Boone
Prof. mr. dr. M.M. Boone is Hoogleraar Criminologie en Vergelijkende Penologie.

Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.

Hanneke Palmen
Dr. J.M.H. Palmen is Universitair Hoofddocent.
Artikel

Het Athene van de 21ste eeuw?

Reflecties op Leuven Restorative City

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Restorative City, stad, stadstaat, gemeenschapsvorming, cascades
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This essay is a scientific reflection on Leuven Restorative City (LRC). The cities, which present themselves as ‘restorative cities’, aim to ensure that restoration continues to nestle in the capillaries of our society. The article argues that realizing the LRC-promise requires restorative thinking through the meso-level of local public life. This involves reference to a number of notions that can be traced back to Ancient Greek thought in Athens, in which the intellectual virtue of ­phronesis – practical wisdom in a social and political context – is central. Citizens are seen as allies in the solution of social issues. LRC contributes to this through its focus on ‘turning conflict into opportunities’. Restorative justice wisdom is more widely applicable in society. However, the LRC process can sometimes be erratic and unpredict­able. The article points to the possible alternation of good and bad periods, and puts forward the expectation that the development of restorative practices in Leuven can be understood as cascades. In these cascades, the course of the diffusion of restorative practices is presented in terms of successive waves of learning experi­ences and knowledge sharing.


Antony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is hoogleraar aan het Leuven Institute of Criminology (KU Leuven) en is verbonden aan het NSCR te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Risicoprofiling of risicovolle profiling tijdens grenscontroles?

Naar een verantwoord gebruik van proactieve risicoprofielen door rechtshandhavingsinstanties

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden risk profiling, crime prevention, risk profiles, false positives, security method
Auteurs Jop Van der Auwera en Lore Van de Velde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although risk profiling can by no means be considered as a ‘new’ crime prevention tool, its application has gained popularity over the years. Both in the screening of asylum seekers, in border control at airports (e.g. behavioural profiling or the use of risk profiles in the European Passenger Information Unit) and in the designation of hotspots at the local level (e.g. the Crime Anticipation System), attempts are now being made to identify persons with criminal intentions more often on the basis of ordinal risk assessment tools. This sudden increase in popularity is not remarkable, since random police patrols or undirected security checks have long been shown to have negligible impact on crime reduction. Risk profiles, on the other hand, have a certain potential for shaping more effectively the interventions by law enforcement authorities at border crossing points. Nevertheless, the use of such profiles also raises some pertinent questions. It is precisely in the light of this ambivalence that the present theoretical contribution will consider the pitfalls and success factors of risk profiling during border checks, in order to determine when one can speak of ‘risk profiling’ and when the concept of ‘risky profiling’ must be used.


Jop Van der Auwera
Jop Van der Auwera is vrijwillig wetenschappelijk medewerker aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid. jop.vanderauwera@kuleuven.be

Lore Van de Velde
Lore Van de Velde is advocaat aan de balie van Antwerpen.
Artikel

Access_open De betekenis van de verborgen kunst

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden art crime, hidden art, forgeries, looting, restitution
Auteurs Marc Cools en Dina Siegel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Art crime, related to the existence of hidden art, appears in the legal and illegal art market. In the criminal ‘artopolis’ especially iconoclasm, forgeries and looting are longstanding phenomena. Today they are subject to the debate on art restitution.


Marc Cools
Prof. dr. Marc Cools is hoogleraar criminologie in de Faculteit Recht en Criminologie, vice-vakgroepvoorzitter in de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht en werkzaam in het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy aan de Universiteit Gent en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit.

Dina Siegel
Prof. dr. Dina Siegel is hoogleraar criminologie aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen aan de Universiteit Utrecht en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit.
Artikel

Het grensgebied als waterbed voor drugscriminaliteit?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden displacement, cross-border crime, organized drug crime, policy effectiveness, balloon effect
Auteurs Rik Ceulen, Stephan Van Nimwegen en Toine Spapens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper concerns the question whether in the period 2011-2017 displacement effects occurred from the Netherlands to Belgium in the context of synthetic drugs production, cannabis cultivation, and retail of illicit drugs, and if so, how these may be explained. We conclude that displacement took place in modi operandi of retail drug dealers. This is explained foremost by the policy of banning non-residents from Dutch coffeeshops in border region municipalities. Dealers and traffickers responded by switching to local distribution in Belgium as well as deliveries by drug couriers. The synthetic drugs and cannabis cultivation markets show minor changes in modi operandi, but no changes occurred in choosing production locations. Displacement effects in the context of organized drug crime must be explained from a range of factors. Reality is therefore more complex than assuming that government interventions are the main cause of a balloon effect.


Rik Ceulen
R. Ceulen MSc. is criminoloog bij de gemeente Tilburg.

Stephan Van Nimwegen
S.J.M. Van Nimwegen MCI is operationeel specialist/onderzoeker bij de Nationale Politie.

Toine Spapens
Prof. dr. A.C.M. Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie bij de Tilburg University.
Artikel

Daderschap in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden environmental crime, offenders, responsibilities, Anthropocene
Auteurs Lieselot Bisschop
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Past and present human activity lies at the basis of the unprecedented environmental crisis we face today. This article explores the drivers and dynamics that are directly and indirectly responsible for the environmental crisis in the Anthropocene by using a green and organizational criminology perspective and combining it with insights from perpetrator studies. Responsible actors and responsibilities are discussed on societal, organizational and individual level. Lessons are drawn on how existing insights in criminology can be challenged to better accommodate for the ecological challenges in the antropocene and on what that means for criminologists experiencing and researching the Anthropocene.


Lieselot Bisschop
Prof. dr. Lieselot Bisschop is professor of Public and Private Interests, Erasmus School of Law, Sectie Criminologie en Erasmus Initiative on Dynamics of Inclusive Prosperity. bisschop@law.eur.nl, Rotterdam
Artikel

Herstelrecht en recidivevermindering

Meningen van Surinaamse ex-gedetineerde jongemannen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Suriname, herstelrecht, jongvolwassenen, ex-gedetineerden
Auteurs Sabine de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyzes the opinion of twenty-four Surinamese ex-convicted young men on restorative justice. The results were obtained through four focus group sessions and a concise survey form. The factors (a) type of offense, (b) seriousness of offense and (c) prevention of recurrence were discussed. The opinions are divided, but the majority is of the opinion that restorative justice can mainly work for serious and violent crimes. Fear of revenge appears to be a barrier to participation. Employment has been indicated as the key to real recovery of the offender and prevention of recidivism (and thus satisfaction for the victim). The results provide insight into the susceptibility to restorative justice among this specific group in Suriname.


Sabine de Vries
Sabine M. de Vries is socioloog en als fulltime onderzoeker verbonden aan het Instituut voor Maatschappijwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (IMWO), Anton de Kom Universiteit van Suriname.

    Criminological research has emphasized the importance of procedural justice of authorities during encounters with citizens. Theory and prior research propose that the procedurally just treatment by the police influences, possibly via legitimacy, citizens’ willingness to cooperate with authorities in the criminal justice chain. This article tests the hypotheses of procedural justice theory using Dutch data of the European Social Survey (N=1,616). The results show an association between the procedurally just treatment of citizens by the police and cooperation with criminal justice authorities. However, this association has not been explained by the legitimacy of the police.


Matthias van Hall
M. van Hall MSc is promovendus bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Emily Moir
Dr. E. Moir is a Lecturer in the School of Law and Society, University of the Sunshine Coast.

Wim Huisman
Prof dr. mr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
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