Zoekresultaat: 85 artikelen

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Artikel

‘Laat je niet misleiden door afwijkende prijzen’

Een exploratieve studie naar de ambiguïteit van betrouwbaarheid van cocaïnedealers op Telegram Messenger

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden drug dealing, trust, signaling theory, social media, netnography
Auteurs Robby Roks en Joëlle Hendriksen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to advance our understanding of digital drug markets on social media, this article examines the trustworthiness of cocaine dealers on Telegram Messenger. Based on an exploratory netnography, we illustrate that digital dealers on Telegram Messenger use a number of sales tactics to attract potential customers, emphasizing the quality of the goods and service and (competitive) pricing strategies. These sales tactics include various signals that seem intended to appear as trustworthy as possible to potential customers. Seen from the perspective of signaling theory, our study highlights the ambiguity of these signals that, depending on the online observer, could both signal trustworthiness and untrustworthiness.


Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Joëlle Hendriksen
J.M.C. Hendriksen MSc is projectassistent bij RIEC Midden-Nederland districtelijk team Ondermijning Flevoland. Haar scriptie ‘“Dankjewel gozer, nooit meer een andere dealer”: een netnografische studie naar risico en vertrouwen in het online vraag en aanbod van verdovende middelen via Telegram Messenger’ (2020), geschreven als masterscriptie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, vormde de basis van het onderhavige artikel.
Artikel

Evoluties in het Vlaams herstelrechtelijke beleid sinds 2000

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Vlaams justitieel beleid, Vlaamse wetgeving, detentie, herstelgerichte, herstelrecht
Auteurs Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Restorative justice practices and policies have been growing in Belgium during last three decades. This article looks in particular at policy developments in the Flemish Community. It reconstructs how restorative justice has adopted a legal basis in 2005 and 2006 respectively in adult criminal law and juvenile justice. The rise and fall of the Belgian model of ‘restorative prisons’ is discussed. Special attention goes to the role of the Belgian State reform process, where the regions were given more competencies also in restorative justice matters. We investigate how this process of devolution has shaped the restorative justice landscape for the sectors of penal mediation, restorative mediation and conferencing. Some ambivalences in policy making are shown. Moreover, in recent years there are signs of a declining political interest in restorative justice.


Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is emeritus hoogleraar KU Leuven, Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie.
Artikel

Mediation in strafzaken: de werkstijl is de methode

Reflecties op de praktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden strafzaken, mediation, mediatorprofiel, mediationproces, psychologische veiligheid
Auteurs Makiri Mual
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since the beginning of 2020 mediation in penal cases (mediation in strafzaken) has officially become the preferred intervention for victim-offender mediation in the criminal procedure in the Netherlands. Although mediation in general has a sound theoretical framework, the methodological elaboration appears pluriform and somewhat limited. In practice mediators in penal cases operate conform their own personal and professional standards and preferences, apparently without tailor made methodology. This article describes the current methodological directions such as transformative or narrative mediation and seeks for useful references. As a part of restorative practice, mediation in penal cases seems to remain secluded from insights and methodology developed in the domain of restorative justice practices. Educational institutes providing trainings for mediators barely refer to this theoretical framework. Besides a methodological reconnaissance this article offers a fundamental comparison of mediation styles and interventions, but is above all an incentive to further methodological research and development.


Makiri Mual
Makiri Mual is mediator in familie- en strafzaken en rechtbankmediator MfN. Hij verbindt in zijn werk interventies uit de mediationpraktijk en de systeemtherapie en richt zich vooral op geëscaleerde conflicten die in het civiele en strafrecht belanden. Hij is docent bij de stichting EFT Nederland, opleider en voorzitter van de vereniging van strafmediators, VMSZ.
Artikel

Access_open Pleidooi voor en uitwerking van een maximalistisch herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden maximalistisch herstelrecht, subsidiariteitsbeginsel, elektronische thuisdetentie, taakstraf, schadevergoedingsmaatregel
Auteurs Jacques Claessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article contains a plea for a further operationalization of the subsidiarity principle (penal law and punishment as ultimum remedium) through a maximalist restorative justice, i.e. a restorative justice that not only offers space for ‘voluntary processes’ and agreed restoration, but also for ‘compulsory procedures’ and imposed restoration. An attempt is made to make the maximalist arsenal of restorative sanctions as concrete as possible. Two examples of sanctions that are ‘constructed’ in a restorative way in this article, are restorative community service and restorative electronic home detention. This article is based on work by John Blad and Lode Walgrave that has previously appeared in Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht.


Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen is bijzonder hoogleraar herstelrecht en universitair hoofddocent strafrecht aan de Universiteit Maastricht en rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Limburg.
Artikel

Herstelgerichte sancties en het strafbegrip

John Blads rechtstheoretische visie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden John Blad, rechtstheorie, mediation in strafzaken, positief recht
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This essay focuses on John Blad’s views on the sanction concept of restorative justice and the punishment concept of criminal law. What is the status of a restorative sanction? How does that sanction differ from imposed criminal sanctions?


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is als research fellow verbonden aan de het onderzoeksprogramma Staat en Recht, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. www.basvanstokkom.eu
Artikel

Moral injury en herstel

Een existentiële verkenning

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden moral injury, PTSS, verantwoordelijkheid, vertrouwen, veiligheid
Auteurs Joachim Duyndam
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper examines moral injury, in relation to recovery from this kind of psychic damage and to restorative justice. In recent research the concept is developed in distinction from the psychiatric diagnosis PTSD. Whereas PTSD is rooted in anxiety, as it occurs during or after life-threatening situations, people suffering from moral injury are disruptively affected by guilt and shame, in the slipstream of which they may be tormented by remorse, self-loathing, anger and self-disgust – with symptoms similar to PTSD. Unlike PTSD, however, the risk of moral injury is part of ordinary life. It may happen to anyone. Therefore, this paper takes an ‘existential’ perspective by relating moral injury to the fundamental human condition of relationality. Moral injury is interpreted as the disturbance of the responsibility, the confidence and the security that fundamentally sustain the human relationships to the world, to each other, and to oneself. One way of recovering from moral injury is through empathy, primarily performed by caregivers or chaplains who guide the morally injured, and consequently accomplished by the injured themselves, in a narrative way.


Joachim Duyndam
Joachim Duyndam is hoogleraar humanisme en filosofie aan de Universiteit voor Humanistiek, Utrecht.
Artikel

‘No peace without justice.’ Een reactie op Christopher Marshall

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden zorgethiek, vervolging, tenuitvoerlegging, opsporing, berechting
Auteurs Vincent Geeraets en Wouter Veraart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article outlines two points of criticism related to Christopher Marshall’s discussion of a relational justice of care. First, addressing the needs of the parties involved in a criminal justice case finds its appropriate place in the post-trial stage. In the pre-trial and trial stages, protecting the legal rights and equal treatment of suspects should take priority over caring for suspects. Secondly, if the outcome of the restorative encounter in the pre-trial stages has a bearing on the verdict of the judge, the encounter may risk to lose its authenticity. The offender may have reason to believe that a socially appropriate performance will be rewarded with less punishment.


Vincent Geeraets
Vincent Geeraets is rechtsfilosoof en als universitair docent verbonden aan de Afdeling Rechtstheorie en Rechtsgeschiedenis van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Wouter Veraart
Wouter Veraart is rechtsfilosoof en als hoogleraar verbonden aan de Afdeling Rechtstheorie en Rechtsgeschiedenis van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Marlène Panis
Marlène Panis is lid van het Landelijk Team Mediation in Strafzaken, mediationfunctionaris bij de Rechtbank Zeeland-West-Brabant en MfN-registermediator met specialisatie strafzaken.
Artikel

De toekomst is aan de surfende criminoloog

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden criminology, artificial intelligence, research methods, research funding, causality
Auteurs Prof. dr. Jeroen Maesschalck
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    If, as criminologists, we really want to contribute to solutions for the great challenges of our time, we should be…surfing more. In a dynamic environment full of contradictions, we should be constantly in motion, moving left and right between different theoretical-normative perspectives as well as between methodological perspectives. This paper clarifies that surfing movement with some illustrations. It then proposes three goals for a criminological research agenda that should help us address the great challenges: actual (as opposed to superficial) relevance for practice, causal ambitions and multidisciplinarity. The paper concludes with some reflections about the organization and funding of criminological research.


Prof. dr. Jeroen Maesschalck
Prof. dr. J. Maesschalck is verbonden aan het Leuven Instituut voor Criminologie aan de KU Leuven.
Artikel

De inzet van privaat gewapend maritiem beveiligingspersoneel of Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel (PCASP) aan boord van Belgische en Nederlandse koopvaardijschepen

Een rechtsvergelijkende analyse van de wetgeving van Europese vlaggenstaten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Maritime piracy, private maritime security company, PMSC, vessel protection detachment, privately contracted armed security personnel
Auteurs Ilja Van Hespen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Until recently, Dutch merchant ships could not rely on privately contracted maritime security staff to protect themselves against pirates. On the one hand, the argument prevailed that the State had to retain the monopoly on the use of force and, on the other hand, one also feared for the escalation of violence or international incidents. Nowadays, however, more and more European countries allow for the use of privately contracted armed security personnel on board merchant ships. As a result, the Dutch Parliament has adopted a bill containing rules for the use of armed private security guards on board Dutch maritime merchant ships (Law to Protect Merchant Shipping 2019 (published in the Dutch official Gazette on June 7th, 2019)).
    The author addresses the question whether because of the new law a level playing field will emerge with the Merchant Navies from the neighboring Flag States of Belgium, the United Kingdom, Spain and Denmark, presenting a comparative analysis of their domestic legislation.
    The Dutch law clearly regulates the use of force and the master has the final responsibility for everything that happens under his authority. In principle, the security guards may only apply violence as the master has determined that it is necessary. Innovative is that there is a reporting obligation whereby every incident should be reported with images and sound recordings. It seems, however, that the law is especially made to protect and secure and not necessarily to provide a solution for situations in which pirates come on board.
    It is clear that the intention of the legislator is to leave the monopoly on the use of force in the hands of the State. However, the adoption of this law to protect merchant shipping could constitute a first step in enabling the use of force by other actors than the State, which in itself is groundbreaking. Before being able to go on this road, there are still countless political (mainly related to the sovereignty of a State) and legal challenges (mainly concerning the use of force and respect for human rights) to be addressed.


Ilja Van Hespen
Ilja Van Hespen is luitenant-ter-zee eerste klasse bij de Belgische Marinecomponent, hoofd van de Sectie Governance van de Naval Policy Staff van het Operationeel Commando van de Marine, doctorandus in de Sociale en Militaire Wetenschappen aan de Koninklijke Militaire School, doctorandus in de Rechten aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel en Universiteit Gent, master Handelsingenieur en doctoral researcher aan het Rolin-Jaequemyns International Law Institute Ghent.
Artikel

Herstelrecht en slachtoffers van bedrijfsgeweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Corporate violence, Health, concepts of participation
Auteurs Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whether and under which conditions restorative justice can be applied to cases of corporate violence is explored starting from the phenomenon of corporate violence, defined as acts committed by corporations in the course of their regular activities but with harmful consequences for people’s health. Specific characteristics of different types of corporate violence are presented, as well as victims’ needs, experiences and expectations. The applicability of restorative justice, but also the need of its rethinking, is discussed through an analysis of the role of its key actors and the concepts of participation and restoration.


Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is hoogleraar herstelrecht en victimologie aan de KU Leuven.
Artikel

Access_open Slachtoffers van bedrijfsgeweld

Empirische verkenning van een vergeten groep – ook in het herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden victims, corporate violence, restorative justice
Auteurs Katrien Lauwaert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explores victimisation by corporate violence on the basis of case studies, interviews and focus groups with victims and professionals carried out in the European project Victims and Corporations. The typical characteristics of victimisation by corporate violence are described, as well as the harmful effects for victims and their social context. The problematic aspects of tackling corporate violence through criminal procedures lead to a first evaluation of the possible contribution of restorative processes to this field on the basis of interviews and a focus group with restorative justice professionals.


Katrien Lauwaert
Katrien Lauwaert is beleidscoördinator van Moderator Forum voor herstelrecht en bemiddeling vzw, bijzonder hoogleraar restorative justice aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (Bianchi-leerstoel) en senior affiliated researcher bij het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie.
Artikel

Risico’s rondom de eindovereenkomst bij mediation in strafzaken

Over (de)juridisering, strijdige belangen en management van verwachtingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden vaststellingsovereenkomst, Eisen vaststellingsovereenkomst, Strijdige belangen, Eindresultaat, procesbegeleider
Auteurs Janny Dierx en Marlène Panis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Penal mediation is currently gaining ground within the Dutch criminal law system. The practice of penal mediation is still young, however, and therefore vulnerable. Common criminal practice as well as legislation are not yet thoroughly compatible with practicing penal mediation. The authors of this contribution explore some of the dangers mediators in penal cases face while drafting party-agreements that are to be taken into consideration by the judicial authorities.
    The article identifies the responsibilities of penal mediators who at the same time serve the interests of victims and offenders as well as take into account expectations judicial authorities might have. The responsibility of penal mediators is especially delicate whenever mediation parties seek to influence the outcome of the criminal lawsuit through mediation. Criminal law is a highly-regulated field, which – albeit unconsciously – seduces the mediator his- or herself to lose track of the main restorative goals of the mediation process. The authors point out some of the traps penal mediators can and should avoid. The article for instance elaborates the inadequacy of current Dutch regulations to arrange financial compensations and damages through penal mediation. Also, the article enumerates examples of over-juridification as well as the lacking of it. Furthermore, avoidable pitfalls such as McDonald-icing of penal mediation, the uselessness of so-called sunny-weather-vouchers, the dangers of copy-paste-agreements and – the worst – putting the height of their own – currently fixed – fees above party interests, are being addressed.


Janny Dierx
Janny Dierx is jurist en MfN-mediator. Zij is bestuurder van De Mediation Coöperatie en mediator in strafzaken. Ze is commissielid van het Schadefonds Geweldsmisdrijven en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.

Marlène Panis
Marlène Panis is mediation functionaris bij de Rechtbank Zeeland-West-Brabant, zelfstandig mediator en hoofdredacteur van het Infoblad Mediation in Strafzaken.
Artikel

De impact van criminaliteit op de lokale belastingontvangsten

Toepassing van de Tiebout-hypothese in Vlaamse gemeenten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden crime, local taxes, migration, Tiebout mobility
Auteurs Drs. Nik Smits en Prof. dr. Stijn Goeminne
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper empirically investigates whether the Flemish local income tax base yield in 306 Flemish municipalities is sensitive to changes in the local crime level between 2000 and 2014. There are two underlying assumptions. First, in a Tiebout world, rational voters holding the local government accountable for the safety of its citizens move when the local level of security becomes too greatly alienated from what they want it to be (first assumption). If migration is due to crime, the wealthier citizens are expected to move first. Consequently, the average income per capita and thus the income distribution will be affected, which in turn will influence the local income tax base yield (second assumption). By confirming both assumptions, evidence is presented for a relation between changes in local crime rates and the income tax base yield of Flemish municipalities, occurring through household mobility.


Drs. Nik Smits
N. Smits is doctoraatsstudent aan de Universiteit Gent, vakgroep Algemene Economie.

Prof. dr. Stijn Goeminne
Prof. dr. S. Goeminne is hoofddocent aan de Universiteit Gent, vakgroep Algemene Economie.
Artikel

De smokkel van Syrische migranten naar Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2-3 2017
Trefwoorden Mensensmokkel, Smokkelroutes, smokkelnetwerken, Smokkelfuncties, smokkelen van migranten
Auteurs Sacha van der Velden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the following question is answered. What is the modus operandi of human smugglers that smuggle Syrian migrants to the Netherlands in de period 2014-2016? Content analysis of police and Royal Marechaussee files, interviews with experts and Syrian migrants and literature research has revealed that: Syrian migrants in first instance use the South-Eastern route overseas from Turkey to Greece, for which they pay 1200-4000 euro to a smuggler, depending on the quality of the boat. From Greece some travel over land on the Balkan route. Several means of transportation are used on this route, with smugglers asking prices ranging from tens to hundreds of euros. Also they travel large parts on their own. Others are smuggled by airplane, for which they need (false) documentation. Smuggling by plane tends to be successful when departing from a small airfield, when made a detour through visa-free countries and/or a good quality (false) travel document. Prices range from 2.000 to 14.000 euros. Migrants mostly pay cash through irregular ‘banks’, a third party that plays an important facilitating role within several smuggling networks. These networks consist of several cells, with in these cells leaders and ‘employees’ and are located on migration routes and ‘hubs’ like Istanbul, Athens and Milan. The South-Eastern route is mostly in hands of Turkish criminal networks, and the continuation of the journey by airplane or through Milan over land is in hands of Syrian Dutch smugglers, the Balkan route seems to be mainly operated by individual smugglers. Within these smuggling networks the most important roles are: the recruiter, who is responsible for making contact with migrants on migration hubs or social media. The organizer/leader who coordinates activities along the smuggling route and calls employees to account. And finally the driver. Responsible for transporting the migrants and instructing them. Based on these findings several recommendations were made that can be found in this article or full research rapport.


Sacha van der Velden
Sacha van der Velden is Operationeel Specialist bij de Nationale politie.
Praktijk

Onderwijs van de toekomst kleurt cyaan

Met herstelgericht werken naar een nieuw organisatiemodel voor scholen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2017
Auteurs Stijn Deprez en Michael Michiels
Auteursinformatie

Stijn Deprez
Stijn Deprez werkt bij Ligand. Ligand traint mensen en organisaties in het omgaan met conflicten, en is pionier in herstelgericht werken en positieve heroriëntering. De kracht van Ligand is de praktijk en het stimuleren van vernieuwing in de jeugdhulp en onderwijs.

Michael Michiels
Michael Michiels werkt bij Ligand. Ligand traint mensen en organisaties in het omgaan met conflicten, en is pionier in herstelgericht werken en positieve herorientering. De kracht van Ligand is de praktijk en het stimuleren van vernieuwing in de jeugdhulp en onderwijs.
Praktijk

Op zoek naar ruimte voor herstelbemiddeling

Interview met officier van justitie Marie-Louise van Maarseveen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2016
Auteurs Renée Kool en Eva Schmidt
Auteursinformatie

Renée Kool
Renée Kool is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut, Universiteit Utrecht en redacteur van Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht.

Eva Schmidt
Eva Schmidt is student-assistent bij het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Normbeelden als alternatief voor politiecultuur: de integere, neutrale en loyale supercop

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0203 2016
Trefwoorden police culture, norm image, integrity, neutrality, loyalty
Auteurs Sinan Çankaya
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article argues that the notion of norm images does more justice to the complexity of the police organization. The notion of ‘police culture’ is heavily criticized for its homogenizing tendencies, monolithic connotations and stereotypical and negative evaluation of police work. Norm images have an analytical value, because (1) the images are contextualized within and connected to the rule of law, (2) the images are sufficiently analytically flexible for a situational and relational interpretation of the cultural processes within the police organization, and (3) the notion theoretically presupposes the resistance strategies of social actors against the norm images. The article illustrates the theoretical value of norm images by focusing on the dominant images of the ‘trustworthy’, ‘neutral’ and ‘loyal’ police officer.


Sinan Çankaya
Sinan Çankaya is universitair docent op de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen & Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Positieve veiligheid en positieve vrijheid

Meningen van wijkbewoners in Rotterdam-Zuid over Buurt Bestuurt

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Big Society, Isaiah Berlin, Charles Taylor, positive liberty, security management
Auteurs dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article is an ethnographical study of Rotterdam’s experience with a program called ‘Community Governs’ (Buurt Bestuurt). Community Governs, a Dutch version of the Chicago Alternative Policing Strategy (CAPS), is a community-based program which goal is to solve neighbourhood crime and disorder problems. Community commitment and involvement are a main component of this program. The article emphasizes the effects that this program had on three levels of trust (performances, intentions and skills) of the residents in police officers and municipal service agencies as partners in the fight against crime and disorder. The results indicate that a ‘positive exercise’ of liberty through political participation of civilians is difficult to realise in poor, inner city, neighbourhoods.


dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Diversen: Artikelen

De Externe Monitor Tbs en de behandelduur van tbs-gestelden: waardevolle kennis vanuit het tbs-traject

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden forensic psychiatry, disposal on behalf of the state (‘tbs-order’), treatment trajectory, length of stay, digital databases
Auteurs Dr. Marleen Nagtegaal, Dr. Ruud van der Horst, Drs. José Buisman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The External Monitor of Forensic Psychiatric Patients (EMT) aims to increase the knowledge of forensic psychiatric patients and the effectiveness of mandatory forensic treatment. In the EMT, five judicial organizations merged their anonymized digital data on (ex-)patients for research purposes. Data originated from the databases of the NIFP, DJI, AVT, 3RO and WODC. By merging this data, a larger part of the trajectory of a forensic psychiatric patient becomes known. Results show that it is possible to combine data from the digital databases of separate organizations for research and analysis purposes. To illustrate the opportunities of the use of merged data, an explorative study was conducted into a current subject. In this study, 218 ‘tbs-patients’ were included and several characteristics of patients of whom the mandatory forensic treatment has ended were compared with those of patients still under mandatory treatment. Suggestions are made for merging data files and for future research.


Dr. Marleen Nagtegaal
Dr. M.H. Nagtegaal is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de afdeling Criminaliteit, Sancties en Rechtshandhaving van het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

Dr. Ruud van der Horst
Dr. R.P. van der Horst is wetenschappelijk adviseur bij het Expertisecentrum Forensische Psychiatrie (EFP) te Utrecht.

Drs. José Buisman
Drs. J. Buisman is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Instituut voor Forensische Psychiatrie en Psychologie (NIFP).

Drs. Marleen Spaans
Drs. M. Spaans is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Instituut voor Forensische Psychiatrie en Psychologie (NIFP).
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