Zoekresultaat: 289 artikelen

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Artikel

Burgerparticipatie bij vermissingen: een toepassing van de Theory of Planned Behavior binnen de districtsrecherche

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden citizen participation, decision making, Policing, criminal investigation, police discretion
Auteurs Jerôme Lam, Eline Schoonderwoerd en Nicolien Kop
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the use of citizen participation in urgent missing person cases. The Theory of Planned Behavior was used to examine which specific considerations investigators have in this regard and which have the greatest influence on the choice of whether or not to involve citizens. The findings suggest that this choice is primarily attitude-driven. Detectives are predominantly positive about participation, but see harm to the investigation as the main risk. A practical implication is to focus collaboration primarily on professionally organized groups of citizens to reduce (perceived) risks.


Jerôme Lam
Drs. J.M. Lam is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de Afdeling Onderzoek van de Politieacademie.

Eline Schoonderwoerd
E. Schoonderwoerd MCI is Operationeel Specialist A bij de Eenheid Midden-Nederland.

Nicolien Kop
Dr. N. Kop is lector Criminaliteitsbeheersing en Recherchekunde bij de Afdeling Onderzoek van de Politieacademie.
Artikel

Agressie tegen politiemedewerkers en omgang met burgers: wederkerige beïnvloeding of gemeenschappelijke oorzaken?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden police-citizen, victimization, violence, use of force, patience
Auteurs Lisa van Reemst, Tamar Fischer en Frank Weerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Police officers are often the victim of aggression by citizens, which has negative consequences for them and society in general. Therefore, it is important to gain knowledge about related factors. This study examines to what extent experiencing aggression as a police officer is related to their patience with citizens and use of force. Two explanations based on the victim-offender overlap are examined: that aggression experiences and dealing with citizens influence each other and that they have common causes. This study was conducted on the basis of a longitudinal questionnaire survey among police officers (N=693). The results show that interaction with citizens, including patience with citizens and the use of force, is related to the aggression police officers experience. The association diminishes when common causes, in this case socio-demographic and work-related characteristics, are taken into account, but does not disappear. No direct support is found for reciprocal influence. Implications and suggestions for further research are described.


Lisa van Reemst
Dr. L. van Reemst is Universitair docent aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Tamar Fischer
Dr. T. Fischer is Universitair hoofddocent Criminologie bij het departement Law, Society & Crime van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F. Weerman is bijzonder hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie bij het deparmtent Law, Society & Crime van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Kroniek

De rol van de politie en hun partners in de aanpak van huiselijk geweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Partnergeweld, Kindermishandeling, Geweld in afhankelijkheidsrelaties, Veiligheid, Samenwerkingsverbanden
Auteurs Janine Janssen en Janna Verbruggen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Domestic violence is a prevalent and persistent problem in society. To be able to effectively intervene in cases of domestic violence, protect victims, and reduce the costs of domestic violence, several initiatives have been implemented in recent years with the aim of improving the response to domestic violence. A multidisciplinary and systemic approach to tackling domestic violence has been introduced, which is especially important in complex cases. Police work together with different partners, among others, the organisation ‘Safe at Home’ (Veilig Thuis) and the public prosecutor. Police play a particularly important role in achieving immediate safety in cases of domestic violence, and work together with partners to accomplish more structural safety for all family members. The development towards a more holistic response to domestic violence in which the police work together with other organisations is important to be able to tackle domestic violence more effectively. Although the importance of collaboration between different organisations has been recognised, the multidisciplinary response is still in development, resulting in some problems in practice.


Janine Janssen
Prof. dr. J.H.L.J. Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eergerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit.

Janna Verbruggen
Dr. J. Verbruggen is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Leges Artis

De kunst van het herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden kunst, zachte vaardigheden, oordeelsleer, leges artis
Auteurs Claudia Mazzucato
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article was written by Claudia Mazzucato for The International Journal of Restorative Justice 21(2) and translated for our thematic issue. Mazzucato explains that there is something in restorative justice that resembles art. In her view restorative justice is made of the same fabric. Both deal with ‘creativity and rigour, imagination and insight, preparation and improvisation, vocation and inclination, talent and skill’. Both trigger innovation and have a political dimension when identifying problems and look for transformations or cultural change. The use of art in the restorative field is growing and visible in literature, paintings, theatre and films. Art can become a sort of mediator of restorative encounters or can give a concrete shape to stories that otherwise cannot be told. The author asks questions about liaisons between restorative justice, law and art. The leges artis of restorative justice are values and standards as drafted by the United Nations and Council of Europe. Do they nourish criminal justice in terms of beauty? To a certain extent yes. A challenging task of the art of restorative justice is in her view: ‘to approach the complexity of the quest for justice in the real world, combining hard and soft skills harmonically, and complying rigorously with the proper restorative leges artis, in order to amend in democratic ways what has proved wrong and harmful, and to prospectively avoid its reoccurrence’.


Claudia Mazzucato
Claudia Mazzucato is Associate Professor (universitair hoofddocent) Strafrecht aan de Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milaan, Italië. Contact auteur: claudia.mazzucato@unicatt.it.
Artikel

Letsels, woede en verhalen van herstel

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden dialooggroep, assisenproces, jurylidmaatschap, burgerparticipatie
Auteurs Peter Vermeersch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this essay Peter Vermeersch, a social scientist and writer, describes his personal journey to the world of restorative justice. It starts with a group encounter between inmates and victims of non-related crimes in a Belgian prison. As one of the participants in this meeting the author discusses his experience as the victim of a robbery. He also gives an account of his experience as member of a jury trial for a murder case in Brussels, about which he published a book (2019). Vermeersch reflects on his role as juror, illuminates the short-comings of the justice system and its old-fashioned architecture, and most importantly, observes the complex human realities that hide behind the standard images of offenders, victims and other people involved in a crime. In this context, he asks what justice is, thinks about what the role of punishment and retribution can be, and, more broadly, discusses the potential of citizens’ participation and deliberation in issues of public interest. The essay includes several references to film, poetry and other literature that challenges stereotypical images of good and evil. It concludes with a discussion of the wider societal meaning and possible role of restorative justice.


Peter Vermeersch
Peter Vermeersch is Professor of Politics bij het Leuven International and European Studies (LINES) en auteur van het boek Aantekeningen bij een moord (2019).
Artikel

Verkenning van herstelrecht

De mediadocumentaire Inside the Distance

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden kunstonderzoek, multidisciplinair, dialogische processen, context
Auteurs Brunilda Pali
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Brunilda Pali described in 2015 the work of the American digital and media artist Sharon Daniel (University of California in Santa Cruz) in a special publication as a result of an interdisciplinary, international arts research collaboration. The new-media documentary Inside the Distance was shown in the StuK Art Center Leuven in that period and included fragments of restorative justice encounters. It was an effort to test the potential for activist art practice to have a direct role in changing social conditions. Brunilda Pali said: ‘In interacting with Sharon Daniel, we had the opportunity to create a focused dialogue, addressing the intersection of artistic and social practices. This project has brought together, research, art, theory, and practice in a very innovative and interesting way.’ The exhibition also investigated whether a new imagining of affect and responsiveness is possible through the use of specific visual, narrative, poetic, and formal frameworks. These reflections reveal the uniqueness of the work of Sharon Daniel and can also be seen as ‘art for social change’ by showing stories of marginalized people who otherwise are not heard.


Brunilda Pali
Brunilda Pali is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan het Leuvense Instituut voor Criminologie, KU Leuven. Zij is tevens bestuurslid van het European Forum for Restorative Justice.
Praktijkberichten

De inzet van digitale communicatie en technologie in herstelbemiddeling

De oplossing voor de leemte tussen face-to-face-gesprekken en brief- of pendelcontact?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Auteurs Sven Zebel en Florian Bonensteffen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Using digital (online) means (for example video calling) to facilitate communication between victims, offenders and mediators during victim-offender mediation (VOM) is not common practice, but has been employed more frequently during the corona pandemic. Do such digital means have added value for restorative justice practices, even when corona measures no longer hinder offline communication? This contribution shares some of the findings from the PhD project of Florian Bonensteffen, that focuses on the potential (dis) advantages of implementing digital communication and technologies in the VOM field in the Netherlands. In a qualitative study based on interviews with victims, offenders and mediators, the perceived applicability and ease of using digital communication forms in the VOM process were examined. Findings indicate that such forms are perceived to promote the emotional well-being of victims and offenders in cases where meeting face-to-face might be too stressful (e.g. due to fear), as well as can provide for a richer exchange than current offline forms of letter exchanges or shuttle mediation. Perceived interpersonal disadvantages of digital communication during VOM were mentioned only in comparison to face-to-face meetings and involved a limited exchange of non-verbal and contextual information about the other party, and less control over the digital dialogue for the mediator. Practical disadvantages centered around privacy and technical stability concerns. The findings suggest that digital forms of communication such as videoconferencing and -messages during VOM have the potential to fill the void between current offline direct (face-to-face) and indirect forms (letter exchange and shuttle mediation) – if such digital means are well-prepared and the privacy of parties is safeguarded.


Sven Zebel
Sven Zebel is universitair hoofddocent aan de vakgroep Psychologie van Conflict, Risico en Veiligheid van de Universiteit Twente en bijzonder hoogleraar Mediation aan de Vrije Universiteit (VU). Hij is als redacteur verbonden aan dit tijdschrift.

Florian Bonensteffen
Florian Bonensteffen is als promovendus verbonden aan de Universiteit Twente. Hij doet onderzoek naar hoe technologie kan worden ingezet om bemiddelingsgesprekken tussen slachtoffers en daders te verbeteren.
Kroniek

De hybride en het klimaat

Het belang van Bruno Latour voor de criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden Bruno Latour, ecocide, herstelrecht, antropocentrisme, antropoceen
Auteurs Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This chronicle discusses the importance of Bruno Latour’s work for criminology, paying attention to the role of technology and our relationship to nature. The author proposes to criminalize ecocide and advocates the use of restorative justice in dealing with environmental crimes.


Marc Schuilenburg
Prof. dr. mr. M. Schuilenburg is Bijzonder Hoogleraar Digital Surveillance aan de Erasmus Universiteit en universitair docent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam binnen het departement Strafrecht en Criminologie.
Artikel

Slachtofferschap en slachtoffer-daderschap in Nederlandse penitentiaire inrichtingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden victimization, Life in Custody Study, misconduct, routine activities, violence
Auteurs Sophie Martens, Esther van Ginneken en Hanneke Palmen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dutch prisons are not exempt from incidents. Despite the negative impact of violence on the safety of inmates and the chances of successful reintegration, not much is known about the prevalence of victimization in Dutch prisons and the characteristics of victims. Additionally, previous research has pointed out the overlap between victim status and offender status. In this contribution, the authors will discuss the prevalence of self-reported victimization among Dutch inmates and the characteristics of victims and victim-offenders. Data from 3,485 participants from the Life in Custody Study are used for this purpose.


Sophie Martens
S.G.M.M. Martens BA was tijdens dit onderzoek aangesteld als onderzoeksassistent bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Esther van Ginneken
Dr. E.F.J.C. van Ginneken is universitair docent criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en projectleider van de Life in Custody Study.

Hanneke Palmen
Dr. J.M.H. Palmen is universitair hoofddocent criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en is projectleider van de Life in Custody Study.
Artikel

Naming and shaming seksueel geweld

#MeToo als politieke beweging?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden MeToo, naming and shaming, seksueel geweld, feminism
Auteurs Martina Althoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    #MeToo is a social movement that started on social media and spread from the US all over the world in 2017. The social movement behind #MeToo is characterised by publicly naming and shaming those who exhibit everyday misconduct in the workplace. This is done by spreading naming and shaming stories via Twitter messages. A question that arises here is whether naming and shaming is a suitable and successful tool for a political movement that aims to bring about social change with regard to sexual violence. Has #MeToo changed the social perspective on sexual violence and social norms of behaviour for sexual encounters? To answer these questions, first a historical sketch of the feminist movements against sexual violence will be provided. What is characteristic of these movements and what are possible parallels with the #MeToo movement? From a feminist perspective, are there any dilemmas that a judicial response to sexual violence entails? In order to provide background to these insights, the characteristics of the #MeToo movement, and the associated dilemmas surrounding naming and shaming, will be discussed next. Finally, it will be discussed if #MeToo has led to social changes.


Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is universitair hoofddocent criminologie in de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. m.althoff@rug.nl
Artikel

Het Athene van de 21ste eeuw?

Reflecties op Leuven Restorative City

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Restorative City, stad, stadstaat, gemeenschapsvorming, cascades
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This essay is a scientific reflection on Leuven Restorative City (LRC). The cities, which present themselves as ‘restorative cities’, aim to ensure that restoration continues to nestle in the capillaries of our society. The article argues that realizing the LRC-promise requires restorative thinking through the meso-level of local public life. This involves reference to a number of notions that can be traced back to Ancient Greek thought in Athens, in which the intellectual virtue of ­phronesis – practical wisdom in a social and political context – is central. Citizens are seen as allies in the solution of social issues. LRC contributes to this through its focus on ‘turning conflict into opportunities’. Restorative justice wisdom is more widely applicable in society. However, the LRC process can sometimes be erratic and unpredict­able. The article points to the possible alternation of good and bad periods, and puts forward the expectation that the development of restorative practices in Leuven can be understood as cascades. In these cascades, the course of the diffusion of restorative practices is presented in terms of successive waves of learning experi­ences and knowledge sharing.


Antony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is hoogleraar aan het Leuven Institute of Criminology (KU Leuven) en is verbonden aan het NSCR te Amsterdam.
Artikel

De Scheldestad of Manhattan aan de Maas? Een vergelijkende analyse van de Antwerpse en Rotterdamse havens bij de in- en doorvoer van cocaïne

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden cocaine trafficking, Transnational organized crime, Corruption, public-private partnership, routine activity approach
Auteurs Richard Staring, Lieselot Bisschop, Charlotte Colman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The ports of Rotterdam and Antwerp are among the main European ports of entry for the import and further distribution of cocaine. Earlier research underlines the interchangeability of these ports regarding the criminal networks trafficking cocaine into Europe. In this contribution, the interchange­ability of these European sea ports regarding cocaine trafficking is questioned. Based on empirical research, and applying the routine activity approach, the Port of Rotterdam and the Port of Antwerp are compared with respect to their physical characteristics, the potential, motivated offenders, as well as the existing public and private security measures.


Richard Staring
Prof. dr. R.H.J.M. Staring is hoogleraar Empirische Criminologie bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Lieselot Bisschop
Prof. dr. L.C.J. Bisschop is Professor of Public and Private Interests bij Department of Criminology & Erasmus Initiative on Dynamics of Inclusive Prosperity van de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Charlotte Colman
Prof. dr. C. Colman is docent Criminologie bij de Faculteit Recht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Gent. Zij is tevens postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij het Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek.

Jelle Janssens
Prof. dr. J. Janssens is hoofddocent bij het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy van de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht, Sociaal Recht, Faculteit Recht en Criminologie, van de Universiteit Gent.

Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Essay

Dubbel gevangen

Over slachtofferschap en dieren in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden dieren, antropoceen, dierethiek, slachtofferschap
Auteurs Joost Leuven, Eva Meijer en Bernice Bovenkerk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, there has been a shift within animal ethics, in which animals are no longer seen purely as passive suffering subjects, but attention is also being paid to their role as agents. In this essay, we look at what that agency means and argue that in the Anthropocene animals are actually victimized in two ways: because their agency is literally curtailed by human actions and because at the knowledge level agency is taken away from them: we see them as victims even when they are not. In this text, we focus on zoo animals to illustrate how this works.


Joost Leuven
Joost Leuven, MA, MSc. jleuven@gmail.com

Eva Meijer
Eva Meijer, PhD, is post-doc, Wageningen University. eva1.meijer@wur.nl

Bernice Bovenkerk
Bernice Bovenkerk, PhD, is universitair hoofddocent, Wageningen University. bernice.bovenkerk@wur.nl
Artikel

Climate Change Litigation: learning from the Urgenda case

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden climate litigation, Urgenda, green criminology, climate justice, climate victims
Auteurs Yanna Hoek, Daan van Uhm en Damián Zaitch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Climate litigation is an understudied phenomenon in criminology. In this article we will discuss the rise of climate change litigation and growing recognition of global environmental harms from a green criminological perspective. More specifically, we will discuss both the legal reasoning and the impact of the Urgenda case in the Netherlands in the context of environmental, ecological and climate justice. We will conclude with how this case contributes for the recognition of diverse climate victims and strengthening of climate justice in the near future.


Yanna Hoek
Yanna Hoek, MA, werkt als ‘verbindend’ strateeg bij projecten die bijdragen aan vernieuwende ideeën en waardeverandering binnen klimaat & vergroening.

Daan van Uhm
Dr. Daan van Uhm is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht. Hij onderzoekt en publiceert over groene criminaliteit. D.P.vanUhm@uu.nl

Damián Zaitch
Dr. Damián Zaitch is universitair hoofddocent bij het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht. Hij onderzoekt en publiceert over drugshandel, drugsbeleid en georganiseerde misdaad in Nederland en Latijns-Amerika, en over diverse vormen van transnationale misdaad, globale criminele markten en organisatiecriminaliteit. D.Zaitch@uu.nl
Essay

Herstelrecht en milieuzaken: een verkenning van mogelijkheden in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden environment, rights of nature, restorative justice, green criminology, Anthropocene
Auteurs Femke Wijdekop en Anneke van Hoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The environmental crisis makes it clear that our current legal instruments and concepts are not sufficient to effectively combat, remedy and prevent widespread environmental harm. However, new concepts and approaches are being developed that try to reduce these legal imperfections. Our essay explores these developments, in particular the emergence of a legal duty of care for the environment, the rights of nature-movement, the campaign to make ecocide (mass damage and destruction of the environment) an international crime and the application of restorative justice to repair environmental harm. We also advocate a new multidisciplinary perspective launched by us: positive green criminology.


Femke Wijdekop
Mr. Femke Wijdekop is juridisch adviseur en content manager Stop Ecocide Nederland. femke@stopecocide.nl

Anneke van Hoek
Drs. Anneke van Hoek is medeoprichter en manager van Restorative Justice Nederland. anneke.vanhoek@gmail.com
Significant others

Susanne Karstedt

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Auteurs Maartje Weerdesteijn
Auteursinformatie

Maartje Weerdesteijn
Dr. Maartje Weerdesteijn, MSc, is universitair docent bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, en onderzoeker bij het Center for International Criminal Justice. m.weerdesteijn@vu.nl

    Criminological research has emphasized the importance of procedural justice of authorities during encounters with citizens. Theory and prior research propose that the procedurally just treatment by the police influences, possibly via legitimacy, citizens’ willingness to cooperate with authorities in the criminal justice chain. This article tests the hypotheses of procedural justice theory using Dutch data of the European Social Survey (N=1,616). The results show an association between the procedurally just treatment of citizens by the police and cooperation with criminal justice authorities. However, this association has not been explained by the legitimacy of the police.


Matthias van Hall
M. van Hall MSc is promovendus bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Een kijkje achter de schermen: een kwalitatieve studie over het ontstaan van cybercriminele carrières

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden cybercrime, cyber offenders, criminal careers, online disinhibition, pathways
Auteurs Sifra Matthijsse, Wytske van der Wagen, Elina van ’t Zand e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This qualitative study examines how criminal careers in cybercrime start and can be explained. Based on offender and expert interviews, the authors conclude that traditional factors linked with the initiation, such as a maturity gap (for juvenile offenders) and opportunism (for adult offenders), in combination with different types of (online) disinhibition – social, technical, situational and psychological – can explain the start of a criminal career. Features of the digital context appear to play a major role in the development of a criminal career and this requires more online supervision and education about – among other things – legal alternatives and the risks and boundaries of the online environment.


Sifra Matthijsse
S.R. Matthijsse MSc is als practicumdocent en tutor verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Wytske van der Wagen
Dr. W. van der Wagen is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Elina van ’t Zand
Dr. mr. E.G. van ’t Zand is als universitair docent criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Tamar Fischer
Dr. T.F.C. Fischer is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Mensenhandel en mensensmokkel op Curaçao: een crime-scriptanalyse

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden exploitation, crime scripting, situational crime prevention, Caribbean, Latin America
Auteurs Zahyanne Luisa
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article contains the results of a crime script analysis regarding the processes of human trafficking and human smuggling in Curaçao. The crime script analysis was conducted using data from five criminal investigations of human trafficking and seven criminal investigations of human smuggling. The results show that human trafficking in Curaçao consists of labor exploitation and sexual exploitation in bars, cafes and clubs. Young women are recruited from Colombia, Venezuela and the Dominican Republic to work as waitresses, trago girls and/or prostitutes. Once they arrive on the island, the women are dependent on the perpetrators and are subjected to exploitation In this research, two types of human smuggling have been witnessed. The first type consists of Venezuelan smugglers who transport fellow Venezuelan nationals to Curaçao by boat in exchange for payment. The second type of smugglers are Curaçao locals who rent out rooms to Venezuelans that reside on the island illegally.


Zahyanne Luisa
Z.C.R. Luisa MSc, LLM is momenteel werkzaam bij het Ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
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