Zoekresultaat: 305 artikelen

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Kroniek

De rol van de politie en hun partners in de aanpak van huiselijk geweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Partnergeweld, Kindermishandeling, Geweld in afhankelijkheidsrelaties, Veiligheid, Samenwerkingsverbanden
Auteurs Janine Janssen en Janna Verbruggen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Domestic violence is a prevalent and persistent problem in society. To be able to effectively intervene in cases of domestic violence, protect victims, and reduce the costs of domestic violence, several initiatives have been implemented in recent years with the aim of improving the response to domestic violence. A multidisciplinary and systemic approach to tackling domestic violence has been introduced, which is especially important in complex cases. Police work together with different partners, among others, the organisation ‘Safe at Home’ (Veilig Thuis) and the public prosecutor. Police play a particularly important role in achieving immediate safety in cases of domestic violence, and work together with partners to accomplish more structural safety for all family members. The development towards a more holistic response to domestic violence in which the police work together with other organisations is important to be able to tackle domestic violence more effectively. Although the importance of collaboration between different organisations has been recognised, the multidisciplinary response is still in development, resulting in some problems in practice.


Janine Janssen
Prof. dr. J.H.L.J. Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eergerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit.

Janna Verbruggen
Dr. J. Verbruggen is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Leges Artis

De kunst van het herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden kunst, zachte vaardigheden, oordeelsleer, leges artis
Auteurs Claudia Mazzucato
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article was written by Claudia Mazzucato for The International Journal of Restorative Justice 21(2) and translated for our thematic issue. Mazzucato explains that there is something in restorative justice that resembles art. In her view restorative justice is made of the same fabric. Both deal with ‘creativity and rigour, imagination and insight, preparation and improvisation, vocation and inclination, talent and skill’. Both trigger innovation and have a political dimension when identifying problems and look for transformations or cultural change. The use of art in the restorative field is growing and visible in literature, paintings, theatre and films. Art can become a sort of mediator of restorative encounters or can give a concrete shape to stories that otherwise cannot be told. The author asks questions about liaisons between restorative justice, law and art. The leges artis of restorative justice are values and standards as drafted by the United Nations and Council of Europe. Do they nourish criminal justice in terms of beauty? To a certain extent yes. A challenging task of the art of restorative justice is in her view: ‘to approach the complexity of the quest for justice in the real world, combining hard and soft skills harmonically, and complying rigorously with the proper restorative leges artis, in order to amend in democratic ways what has proved wrong and harmful, and to prospectively avoid its reoccurrence’.


Claudia Mazzucato
Claudia Mazzucato is Associate Professor (universitair hoofddocent) Strafrecht aan de Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milaan, Italië. Contact auteur: claudia.mazzucato@unicatt.it.
Artikel

Verkenning van herstelrecht

De mediadocumentaire Inside the Distance

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden kunstonderzoek, multidisciplinair, dialogische processen, context
Auteurs Brunilda Pali
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Brunilda Pali described in 2015 the work of the American digital and media artist Sharon Daniel (University of California in Santa Cruz) in a special publication as a result of an interdisciplinary, international arts research collaboration. The new-media documentary Inside the Distance was shown in the StuK Art Center Leuven in that period and included fragments of restorative justice encounters. It was an effort to test the potential for activist art practice to have a direct role in changing social conditions. Brunilda Pali said: ‘In interacting with Sharon Daniel, we had the opportunity to create a focused dialogue, addressing the intersection of artistic and social practices. This project has brought together, research, art, theory, and practice in a very innovative and interesting way.’ The exhibition also investigated whether a new imagining of affect and responsiveness is possible through the use of specific visual, narrative, poetic, and formal frameworks. These reflections reveal the uniqueness of the work of Sharon Daniel and can also be seen as ‘art for social change’ by showing stories of marginalized people who otherwise are not heard.


Brunilda Pali
Brunilda Pali is postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan het Leuvense Instituut voor Criminologie, KU Leuven. Zij is tevens bestuurslid van het European Forum for Restorative Justice.
Artikel

Naming and shaming seksueel geweld

#MeToo als politieke beweging?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden MeToo, naming and shaming, seksueel geweld, feminism
Auteurs Martina Althoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    #MeToo is a social movement that started on social media and spread from the US all over the world in 2017. The social movement behind #MeToo is characterised by publicly naming and shaming those who exhibit everyday misconduct in the workplace. This is done by spreading naming and shaming stories via Twitter messages. A question that arises here is whether naming and shaming is a suitable and successful tool for a political movement that aims to bring about social change with regard to sexual violence. Has #MeToo changed the social perspective on sexual violence and social norms of behaviour for sexual encounters? To answer these questions, first a historical sketch of the feminist movements against sexual violence will be provided. What is characteristic of these movements and what are possible parallels with the #MeToo movement? From a feminist perspective, are there any dilemmas that a judicial response to sexual violence entails? In order to provide background to these insights, the characteristics of the #MeToo movement, and the associated dilemmas surrounding naming and shaming, will be discussed next. Finally, it will be discussed if #MeToo has led to social changes.


Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is universitair hoofddocent criminologie in de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. m.althoff@rug.nl
Artikel

Criminele netwerken achter orgaanhandel: een sociale netwerkanalyse van de Medicus-zaak

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden organ trafficking, social network analysis, organized crime
Auteurs Henrieke Doosje, Frederike Ambagtsheer en Arjan Blokland
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Though less well-known than for instance the narcotics or weapons trade, illegal organ trade is a lucrative business with yearly revenues estimated between 840 million and 1.7 billion USD. The most commonly reported form of organ trade is the trade in living donor kidneys. The current study maps the criminal network behind the illegal organ trade that took place in the Medicus clinic in Kosovo based on police files, indictments, transcripts of suspect and victim statements, court rulings and interviews. The Medicus case involved at least 27 living kidney donations. Operations were performed by eleven actors in teams of varying composition. The total criminal network consisted of 107 individuals and is characterized by a low density and features a number of central actors.


Henrieke Doosje
M.H. Doosje MSc LLB is criminoloog en masterstudente Straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden. Zij was ten tijde van het onderzoek masterstudente Forensische Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden en stagiaire bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam.

Frederike Ambagtsheer
Dr. F. Ambagtsheer LLM is Universitair Docent bij het Transplantatie Instituut van het Erasmus MCin Rotterdam.

Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. mr. A.A.J. Blokland is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open Tien jaar mediation in de strafrechtelijke jurisprudentie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden jurisprudentie, mediation, strafrecht, openbaar ministerie
Auteurs Corné van der Wilt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is an analysis of about 350 decisions of Dutch criminal courts since mediation was introduced as an instrument in criminal law (art. 51h of the Dutch criminal code). It appears that mediation not only benefits the offender in terms of reduction of punishment, but also has significant effects on other aspects of the domain of criminal justice. For example on complaints about the decision of the Public Prosecutor not to prosecute a suspect, the eligibility of the Public Prosecutor in a criminal procedure, claims for compensation of the victim, compensation for damage of the offender being in preventive custody, and costs of the offender for a lawyer to defend him in a criminal procedure. Although much progress can be made in applying mediation in criminal procedures, it is concluded that mediation is now an important form of restorative justice in the Dutch criminal justice system.


Corné van der Wilt
Corné van der Wilt (mr. dr. C.J. van der Wilt) is als raadsheer werkzaam in de afdeling strafrecht van het gerechtshof Amsterdam. Tevens werkt hij sinds 2016 voor het mediationbureau van de rechtbank Zeeland-West-Brabant als MfN-geregistreerd mediator in strafzaken.
Artikel

Structureel onrecht, maatschappelijke bewegingen en herstelrecht

Reflecties op basis van een rondetafelgesprek

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden social justice, environmental justice, racial justice, maatschappelijke context, structureel onrecht
Auteurs Ivo Aertsen, Anneke van Hoek, Nyanchama Okemwa e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Restorative justice as implemented in many countries adopts a rather narrow approach, where responding to crime and other types of injustice is being restricted to the interpersonal level. ‘Society’ as important pillar in ­restorative justice does not play an ­important role in daily practice, and ­linkages to the institutional and political ­level are seldom established. Such practice risks to replicate or to strengthen structural inequalities in society. One possible strategy to deal with this challenge, is to engage in network oriented ­approaches in order to develop a better understanding of system injustices, and to contribute to more encom­passing and sustainable response mechanisms in society. Can and should the restorative justice movement build alliances with other social movements in order to realise this perspective? The article is structured along the following lines. First, various visions of ‘structural violence’ are reflected upon. Reference is made, for example, to the issue of ­(de)colonisation and concomitant forms of ‘epistemic injustice’. Considerable attention is given to the complexity and the multilayered nature of underlying causes of injus­tices in the respective social fields, and to the risk of simplification and polarisation in society but also within social movements. The discussion then fo­cuses on practices of dealing with conflict, diversity and participatory decision making within the respective social movements, and whether and how restorative justice can offer inspiration and practical support. Thirdly, broader strategies on social transformation are discussed, dealing with, for example, how the interchangeable roles of warrior and healer can be adopted, and how, at a more general level, restorative oriented partnerships can be formed.


Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is emeritus gewoon hoogleraar KU Leuven, Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie. Hij is actief betrokken bij het European Forum for Restorative Justice en bij meerdere onderzoeks- en praktijkontwikkelingen op het vlak van het herstelrecht, van het lokale Leuven Restorative City, de Vlaamse bemiddelingsdienst Moderator tot The International Journal of Restorative Justice. Redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht.

Anneke van Hoek
Anneke van Hoek is criminoloog, medeoprichter en voorzitter van het bestuur van Stichting Radio La Benevolencija, die zich richt op de preventie van etnocentrisch geweld en het stimuleren van traumaverwerking in post-conflict landen. Ze is medeoprichter en lid van het Management Team van Stichting Restorative Justice Nederland (RJN). Redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht.

Nyanchama Okemwa
Nyanchama Okemwa is dekoloniaal deskundige, Pan-Afrikanist en verdediger van de mensenrechten. Reeds dertig jaar is ze een activiste die zich inzet in de strijd tegen racisme en discriminatie. Momenteel werkt zij als consultant en coach voor de vzw Hand in Hand tegen Racisme (Brussel).

Sophie Van Reeth
Sophie Van Reeth is activiste en studente geschiedenis Universiteit Antwerpen, en communicatiecoördinator bij PUNT.vzw. Ze is auteur van het boek ‘Genoeg Gezwegen, Getuigenissen over seksueel misbruik’ (2020).

Peter Vermeersch
Peter Vermeersch, hoogleraar aan de Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen KU Leuven. Zijn onderzoek is toegespitst op politieke ontwikkelingen in Oost-Europa, minderhedenpolitiek, nationalisme en democratische innovatie. Hij publiceert regelmatig essays en literaire non-fictie. In 2019 verscheen 'Aantekeningen bij een moord', het verslag van een assisenproces in Brussel en een persoonlijke zoektocht naar een betere omgang met geweld, straf en rechtspraak.

Anneke Wensing
Anneke Wensing is klimaatactiviste, actief bij de Nederlandse actiegroep Code Rood en de Shell Must Fall-campagne. Daarnaast is ze betrokken bij een Utrechtse groep die zich verzet tegen de verbreding van een snelweg ten koste van het bos van Amelisweerd.
Artikel

Access_open Risicoprofiling of risicovolle profiling tijdens grenscontroles?

Naar een verantwoord gebruik van proactieve risicoprofielen door rechtshandhavingsinstanties

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden risk profiling, crime prevention, risk profiles, false positives, security method
Auteurs Jop Van der Auwera en Lore Van de Velde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although risk profiling can by no means be considered as a ‘new’ crime prevention tool, its application has gained popularity over the years. Both in the screening of asylum seekers, in border control at airports (e.g. behavioural profiling or the use of risk profiles in the European Passenger Information Unit) and in the designation of hotspots at the local level (e.g. the Crime Anticipation System), attempts are now being made to identify persons with criminal intentions more often on the basis of ordinal risk assessment tools. This sudden increase in popularity is not remarkable, since random police patrols or undirected security checks have long been shown to have negligible impact on crime reduction. Risk profiles, on the other hand, have a certain potential for shaping more effectively the interventions by law enforcement authorities at border crossing points. Nevertheless, the use of such profiles also raises some pertinent questions. It is precisely in the light of this ambivalence that the present theoretical contribution will consider the pitfalls and success factors of risk profiling during border checks, in order to determine when one can speak of ‘risk profiling’ and when the concept of ‘risky profiling’ must be used.


Jop Van der Auwera
Jop Van der Auwera is vrijwillig wetenschappelijk medewerker aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid. jop.vanderauwera@kuleuven.be

Lore Van de Velde
Lore Van de Velde is advocaat aan de balie van Antwerpen.
Artikel

Procedurele rechtvaardigheid in de strafrecht­keten

Hoe ervaren gedetineerden de bejegening door strafrecht­actoren?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden procedural justice, treatment, multiple criminal justice authorities, criminal justice system
Auteurs Matthias van Hall, Anja Dirkzwager, Peter van der Laan e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It has been proposed that when people perceive their treatment by criminal justice actors as more procedurally just, they will be more likely to comply with the law. Existing research mainly focused on the police or the judge. This longitudinal study examined how prisoners experienced their treatment by five different criminal justice actors using data from the Prison Project. The prisoners were most positive about the procedurally fair treatment by their lawyer and least positive about the treatment by the police. Additionally, the perceived treatment by the police was associated with the treatment by other actors at subsequent moments.


Matthias van Hall
M. van Hall MSc is promovendus bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Peter van der Laan
Prof. P.H. van der Laan is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en bijzonder hoogleraar reclassering aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open Het antropoceen

De criminologische uitdaging in de 21ste eeuw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden antropocene, criminology, non-speciesism
Auteurs Janine Janssen en Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    ‘Antropocene’ is a wellknown concept among those that are concerned about the Earth’s future. Nevertheless, there is a heated scientific debat about the start of this era in history and the name ‘antropocene’in itself. In this contribution it is stated that that debate is helpful in raising important questions about the desatrous influence of mankind on live on this planet. Criminologists should take a stance and address these questions as well. This contribution includes a manifest that contains points for further action for criminologists.


Janine Janssen
Prof. dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de nationale politie, bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties bij Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. jhlj.janssen@avans.nl

Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl
Essay

Herstelrecht en milieuzaken: een verkenning van mogelijkheden in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden environment, rights of nature, restorative justice, green criminology, Anthropocene
Auteurs Femke Wijdekop en Anneke van Hoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The environmental crisis makes it clear that our current legal instruments and concepts are not sufficient to effectively combat, remedy and prevent widespread environmental harm. However, new concepts and approaches are being developed that try to reduce these legal imperfections. Our essay explores these developments, in particular the emergence of a legal duty of care for the environment, the rights of nature-movement, the campaign to make ecocide (mass damage and destruction of the environment) an international crime and the application of restorative justice to repair environmental harm. We also advocate a new multidisciplinary perspective launched by us: positive green criminology.


Femke Wijdekop
Mr. Femke Wijdekop is juridisch adviseur en content manager Stop Ecocide Nederland. femke@stopecocide.nl

Anneke van Hoek
Drs. Anneke van Hoek is medeoprichter en manager van Restorative Justice Nederland. anneke.vanhoek@gmail.com

Toine Spapens
Professor Toine Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie aan Tilburg University. a.c.spapens@tilburguniversity.edu
Artikel

Access_open Inheemse conflictbeslechting in Suriname

Een antropologie van herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Suriname, Inheemsen, herstelrecht, gewoonterecht, Krutu
Auteurs Makiri Mual
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article deals with restorative justice practices in Surinam. It is based mainly on anthropological literature and preliminary research findings of four indigenous villages in Surinam, and is part of a broader study of Indigenous and Marron communities. In these villages the age-old customary law approach to conflict remains a lively practice, especially in the rainforests where central authority has little influence. The author highlights a number of restorative aspects of indigenous (criminal) justice practices, such as the group conferencing model of the Krutu and the role of the community (rehabilitation). Other aspects are not at all restorative, such as cases of double punishment (ne bis in idem), corporal punishment and the lack of the possibility of appeal. Because the trend of opening the hinterland seems to be unstoppable, it is recommended to coordinate national law and customary law and improve cooperation between indigenous and central authority. The article gives some suggestions for reforming the Surinamese Penal Code.


Makiri Mual
Makiri Mual is MfN-registermediator in strafzaken en familiezaken, relatietherapeut en MFT expert. Hij is ook duovoorzitter van de Vereniging van Mediators in Strafzaken (VMSZ).

    Criminological research has emphasized the importance of procedural justice of authorities during encounters with citizens. Theory and prior research propose that the procedurally just treatment by the police influences, possibly via legitimacy, citizens’ willingness to cooperate with authorities in the criminal justice chain. This article tests the hypotheses of procedural justice theory using Dutch data of the European Social Survey (N=1,616). The results show an association between the procedurally just treatment of citizens by the police and cooperation with criminal justice authorities. However, this association has not been explained by the legitimacy of the police.


Matthias van Hall
M. van Hall MSc is promovendus bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Een kijkje achter de schermen: een kwalitatieve studie over het ontstaan van cybercriminele carrières

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden cybercrime, cyber offenders, criminal careers, online disinhibition, pathways
Auteurs Sifra Matthijsse, Wytske van der Wagen, Elina van ’t Zand e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This qualitative study examines how criminal careers in cybercrime start and can be explained. Based on offender and expert interviews, the authors conclude that traditional factors linked with the initiation, such as a maturity gap (for juvenile offenders) and opportunism (for adult offenders), in combination with different types of (online) disinhibition – social, technical, situational and psychological – can explain the start of a criminal career. Features of the digital context appear to play a major role in the development of a criminal career and this requires more online supervision and education about – among other things – legal alternatives and the risks and boundaries of the online environment.


Sifra Matthijsse
S.R. Matthijsse MSc is als practicumdocent en tutor verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Wytske van der Wagen
Dr. W. van der Wagen is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Elina van ’t Zand
Dr. mr. E.G. van ’t Zand is als universitair docent criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Tamar Fischer
Dr. T.F.C. Fischer is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Mensenhandel en mensensmokkel op Curaçao: een crime-scriptanalyse

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden exploitation, crime scripting, situational crime prevention, Caribbean, Latin America
Auteurs Zahyanne Luisa
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article contains the results of a crime script analysis regarding the processes of human trafficking and human smuggling in Curaçao. The crime script analysis was conducted using data from five criminal investigations of human trafficking and seven criminal investigations of human smuggling. The results show that human trafficking in Curaçao consists of labor exploitation and sexual exploitation in bars, cafes and clubs. Young women are recruited from Colombia, Venezuela and the Dominican Republic to work as waitresses, trago girls and/or prostitutes. Once they arrive on the island, the women are dependent on the perpetrators and are subjected to exploitation In this research, two types of human smuggling have been witnessed. The first type consists of Venezuelan smugglers who transport fellow Venezuelan nationals to Curaçao by boat in exchange for payment. The second type of smugglers are Curaçao locals who rent out rooms to Venezuelans that reside on the island illegally.


Zahyanne Luisa
Z.C.R. Luisa MSc, LLM is momenteel werkzaam bij het Ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Artikel

Access_open Witwassen als bedrijfsmatige activiteit: de verborgen netwerken van witwassers

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden money laundering, financial facilitators, networked criminology, organized crime
Auteurs Jo-Anne Kramer, Arjan Blokland en Melvin Soudijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Financial Action Task Force reported that money launderers may operate in professional money laundering networks. Whether such money laundering networks operate in the Netherlands is unclear. In this article the authors therefore explore whether professional money launderers collaborate in network structures and the business-like manner in which they offer their services. Business-like refers to their involvement in multiple cases, the amount of repeat customers, and excludes family relations. The research is based on Dutch police registrations of 236 professional money launderers. Our results suggest that professional money laundering networks are indeed active in the Netherlands and that money launderers in these networks offer their services in a business-like manner to a varying extent. An important caveat to the current findings is that the criminal cases analyzed predominantly pertain drug-related offenses, leaving the existence and professionalism of money laundering networks in other types of crime, like large-scale fraud, a question open for future research.


Jo-Anne Kramer
J. Kramer MSc is onderzoeker en docent Criminologie bij de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en was als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam.

Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. mr. A.A.J. Blokland is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Melvin Soudijn
Dr. M.R.J. Soudijn is research fellow bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en Operationeel Specialist bij de Nationale Politie.
Praktijkberichten

‘Eigenlijk doen we voortdurend aan intervisie met elkaar’

Een dubbelinterview over landsgrensoverschrijdende zaken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2020
Auteurs Mieke Wouters
Auteursinformatie

Mieke Wouters
Mieke Wouters is communicatie- en beleidsadviseur bij Perspectief Herstelbemiddeling en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Mediation in strafzaken: de werkstijl is de methode

Reflecties op de praktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden strafzaken, mediation, mediatorprofiel, mediationproces, psychologische veiligheid
Auteurs Makiri Mual
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since the beginning of 2020 mediation in penal cases (mediation in strafzaken) has officially become the preferred intervention for victim-offender mediation in the criminal procedure in the Netherlands. Although mediation in general has a sound theoretical framework, the methodological elaboration appears pluriform and somewhat limited. In practice mediators in penal cases operate conform their own personal and professional standards and preferences, apparently without tailor made methodology. This article describes the current methodological directions such as transformative or narrative mediation and seeks for useful references. As a part of restorative practice, mediation in penal cases seems to remain secluded from insights and methodology developed in the domain of restorative justice practices. Educational institutes providing trainings for mediators barely refer to this theoretical framework. Besides a methodological reconnaissance this article offers a fundamental comparison of mediation styles and interventions, but is above all an incentive to further methodological research and development.


Makiri Mual
Makiri Mual is mediator in familie- en strafzaken en rechtbankmediator MfN. Hij verbindt in zijn werk interventies uit de mediationpraktijk en de systeemtherapie en richt zich vooral op geëscaleerde conflicten die in het civiele en strafrecht belanden. Hij is docent bij de stichting EFT Nederland, opleider en voorzitter van de vereniging van strafmediators, VMSZ.
Artikel

Access_open Institutioneel misbruik en geweld uit het verleden

Een vergelijking van twee herstelgerichte responsmodellen in België

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden institutioneel misbruik en geweld, responsmodellen, rooms-katholieke kerk, Centrum voor Arbitrage inzake seksueel misbruik, Permanente Arbitragekamer
Auteurs Ivo Aertsen en Martien Schotsmans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, an analysis is made of two response models for different forms of abuse and violence that occurred in the past on children in institutional settings. Two programmes are compared, as they operated during last 10 years in Belgium: on the one hand the Centre of Arbitration for sexual abuse and violence in the Catholic Church at the national level, on the other hand the Commission for Recognition and Mediation for various types of abuse and violence in youth and educational institutions and other organisational contexts in the Flemish Community. Both models are analysed and compared at the conceptual and empirical level from a restorative justice approach, looking at the elements that may reveal a certain form of restorative justice and/or may contain lessons for the further development of restorative justice. The background and origins of both programmes are presented into detail, followed by a comparison with respect to the political options on the basis of their creation, the composition of their boards, their scope of application and their procedures. Some numbers and characteristics of cases dealt with are presented.
    The analysis of both models points at the presence – in varying degrees – of important restorative justice elements as provided in the international literature. However, restorative justice standards are more prominent in the Flemish Commission for Recognition and Mediation as compared to the national Centre of Arbitration for sexual abuse in the Church. Both programmes also demonstrate that restorative action is needed at different, mutually interwoven levels: the personal (micro) level, the institutional (meso) level and the societal (macro) level. At the institutional and societal level the transformative potential of the interventions is very much needed, but also most challenging in terms of the development of effective restorative methods.


Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie aan de KU Leuven. Hij was aangesteld als expert bij de federale parlementaire Bijzondere Commissie in 2010-2011 en fungeerde vier jaar als lid van de Permanente Arbitragekamer inzake seksueel misbruik in de Kerk.

Martien Schotsmans
Martien Schotsmans is advocaat en verzoeningsexpert. Zij was als arbiter betrokken bij twee dossiers inzake seksueel misbruik in de kerk en was tot september 2020 coördinator van de Vlaamse Commissie voor Erkenning en Bemiddeling inzake misbruik en geweld uit het verleden.
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