Zoekresultaat: 84 artikelen

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Artikel

Naar een adequate aanpak van naastplaatsingen

Onderzoek naar verklarende factoren voor het probleem van afval naast containers Dit artikel is gebaseerd op onderzoek van De Vries, Epskamp en Ergun uit 2019 (zie De Vries et al., 2019).

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden feelings of unsafety, overflowing garbage containers, litter
Auteurs Chris de Vries, Martijn Epskamp en Julien van Ostaaijen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Litter in the street is a great annoyance for many people, especially in the large cities. This includes overflowing garbage containers caused by people incorrectly placing garbage: next to these containers. In this study, carried out in the municipality of Rotterdam, we have developed a model that provides insight into which factors contribute to where this is done (or not). In summary, days when people are not working, the number of people that depend on the container(s), the bonding and social cohesion of that group, and the social-economic circumstances of the people in that group are the most important factors in determining at which container locations people incorrectly place their garbage. These insights provide starting points for an effective municipal approach to overflowing garbage containers and thereby reducing the residents’ feelings of nuisance and unsafety.


Chris de Vries
Chris de Vries is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij Gemeente Rotterdam.

Martijn Epskamp
Martijn Epskamp is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij Gemeente Rotterdam.

Julien van Ostaaijen
Julien van Ostaaijen is als lector Recht & Veiligheid werkzaam bij Avans Hogeschool en als universitair docent Bestuurskunde bij Tilburg University.
Artikel

Access_open Risicoprofiling of risicovolle profiling tijdens grenscontroles?

Naar een verantwoord gebruik van proactieve risicoprofielen door rechtshandhavingsinstanties

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden risk profiling, crime prevention, risk profiles, false positives, security method
Auteurs Jop Van der Auwera en Lore Van de Velde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although risk profiling can by no means be considered as a ‘new’ crime prevention tool, its application has gained popularity over the years. Both in the screening of asylum seekers, in border control at airports (e.g. behavioural profiling or the use of risk profiles in the European Passenger Information Unit) and in the designation of hotspots at the local level (e.g. the Crime Anticipation System), attempts are now being made to identify persons with criminal intentions more often on the basis of ordinal risk assessment tools. This sudden increase in popularity is not remarkable, since random police patrols or undirected security checks have long been shown to have negligible impact on crime reduction. Risk profiles, on the other hand, have a certain potential for shaping more effectively the interventions by law enforcement authorities at border crossing points. Nevertheless, the use of such profiles also raises some pertinent questions. It is precisely in the light of this ambivalence that the present theoretical contribution will consider the pitfalls and success factors of risk profiling during border checks, in order to determine when one can speak of ‘risk profiling’ and when the concept of ‘risky profiling’ must be used.


Jop Van der Auwera
Jop Van der Auwera is vrijwillig wetenschappelijk medewerker aan de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid. jop.vanderauwera@kuleuven.be

Lore Van de Velde
Lore Van de Velde is advocaat aan de balie van Antwerpen.
Artikel

Het grensgebied als waterbed voor drugscriminaliteit?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden displacement, cross-border crime, organized drug crime, policy effectiveness, balloon effect
Auteurs Rik Ceulen, Stephan Van Nimwegen en Toine Spapens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper concerns the question whether in the period 2011-2017 displacement effects occurred from the Netherlands to Belgium in the context of synthetic drugs production, cannabis cultivation, and retail of illicit drugs, and if so, how these may be explained. We conclude that displacement took place in modi operandi of retail drug dealers. This is explained foremost by the policy of banning non-residents from Dutch coffeeshops in border region municipalities. Dealers and traffickers responded by switching to local distribution in Belgium as well as deliveries by drug couriers. The synthetic drugs and cannabis cultivation markets show minor changes in modi operandi, but no changes occurred in choosing production locations. Displacement effects in the context of organized drug crime must be explained from a range of factors. Reality is therefore more complex than assuming that government interventions are the main cause of a balloon effect.


Rik Ceulen
R. Ceulen MSc. is criminoloog bij de gemeente Tilburg.

Stephan Van Nimwegen
S.J.M. Van Nimwegen MCI is operationeel specialist/onderzoeker bij de Nationale Politie.

Toine Spapens
Prof. dr. A.C.M. Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie bij de Tilburg University.

Toine Spapens
Professor Toine Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie aan Tilburg University. a.c.spapens@tilburguniversity.edu
Artikel

Mensenhandel en mensensmokkel op Curaçao: een crime-scriptanalyse

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden exploitation, crime scripting, situational crime prevention, Caribbean, Latin America
Auteurs Zahyanne Luisa
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article contains the results of a crime script analysis regarding the processes of human trafficking and human smuggling in Curaçao. The crime script analysis was conducted using data from five criminal investigations of human trafficking and seven criminal investigations of human smuggling. The results show that human trafficking in Curaçao consists of labor exploitation and sexual exploitation in bars, cafes and clubs. Young women are recruited from Colombia, Venezuela and the Dominican Republic to work as waitresses, trago girls and/or prostitutes. Once they arrive on the island, the women are dependent on the perpetrators and are subjected to exploitation In this research, two types of human smuggling have been witnessed. The first type consists of Venezuelan smugglers who transport fellow Venezuelan nationals to Curaçao by boat in exchange for payment. The second type of smugglers are Curaçao locals who rent out rooms to Venezuelans that reside on the island illegally.


Zahyanne Luisa
Z.C.R. Luisa MSc, LLM is momenteel werkzaam bij het Ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Artikel

Welke samenleving in het herstelrecht?

Uitdagingen voor burgerschap en samenlevingsopbouw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden burgerschap, samenlevingsopbouw, samenleving als actor, Vreedzame Wijk, Eigen Kracht-conferentie
Auteurs Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the concepts of society and community involvement as they appeared in the articles of the Dutch-Flemish Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht (Journal of Restorative Justice) during last 20 years. It shows how the journal from its very beginning adopted a strong focus on criminal justice reform, although restorative practices within the community occupied a considerable space in the consecutive volumes as well. Studies on restorative justice programmes in Belgium and The Netherlands, such as victim-offender mediation and family-group conferences, revealed a predominant orientation on interpersonal relationships stressing the role of the community of care. In the same sense, also community mediation and other community oriented restorative practices focus on the personal well-being of people and the improvement of personal and social relationships. Hence, both theory and practice face two important challenges in developing restorative justice: (1) which role to give to a larger community and how to operationalize its involvement, and (2) how to deal with underlying causes of crime and social-structural injustices? Referring to European action-research projects and to conceptual models developed outside Europe, a case is made for designing restorative justice methodologies and programmes involving civil society in a more encompassing way and linking micro to macro societal levels. Developing strategic alliances with new social movements could be the way forward.


Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is redacteur van dit tijdschrift en hoofdredacteur van The International Journal on Restorative Justice.
Artikel

Access_open Waarom melden burgers?

Individuele, sociale en institutionele drijfveren voor meldgedrag in het verleden en toekomstige meldingsbereidheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden reporting behavior, crime, citizen participation, psychological drivers, response efficacy
Auteurs Wendy Schreurs
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reports by citizens are a great source of information for the police. Local residents often know well what is going on in their neighborhood and which situations are suspicious. In this study, an online survey was conducted to investigate what drives citizens to report to the police. A wide range of individual, social and institutional drivers were explored. The results show that the more often people have reported anything to the police in the past, the higher their risk perception, self-efficacy, citizen participation and police legitimacy. Furthermore, participants with a higher degree of self-efficacy, response efficacy, trust in the police and police legitimacy appeared to be more willing to report in the future. An open question regarding what motivates people the most to report show that response efficacy (the idea to what extent reporting has an effect on increasing safety and reducing crime) and altruistic values (justice, to help society and punish the perpetrators) were mentioned most frequently.


Wendy Schreurs
Wendy Schreurs is werkzaam bij de Politieacademie.
Artikel

Digitale coproductie van preventie en opsporing met burgers

Een verkenning naar de contouren van een nieuw beleidsregime

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden Digitale coproductie, digitaal burgerschap, digitale buurtpreventie, digitale opsporing, Technologieregime
Auteurs Steven van den Oord en Ben Kokkeler
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the years, the use of data and digital technology in neighbourhood watch groups for prevention and detection of crime and citizens initiatives to enhance public safety has increased due to social and technological changes of citizen participation in coproduction of safety and digitization of economy and society. This causes a transition towards a new technology regime, a shift from a ‘closed’ information and communication technology regime owned by governmental organizations towards (inter)national ‘open’ platforms, which in turn challenges the current policy regime. This transition creates new societal expectations and challenges, often with contrasting dynamics. For instance, citizens are becoming the so-called ‘eyes and ears’ for government in prevention and detection of crime in neighbourhoods, while professionals are increasingly expected to coproduce safety with citizens through new forms of prevention and detection. With the rise of data and digital technology such as platforms and applications citizens are increasingly enabled to take the lead and initiate collaboration and organize new forms of prevention and surveillance in their own neighbourhoods.
    Both in literature as in public policy practice, neighbourhood prevention and crime detection in general is addressed. However, less attention is spent on the role and impact of data and digital technology. We propose this is an issue because the emerging digital technology regime requires a new conceptual view wherein citizen initiatives are no longer perceived as merely instrumental to government interventions, but are understood as coproducers of public safety in their neighbourhoods, as part of a broader societal shift in which citizens are enabled by digital technology to organize their own data environments. Based on the introduction of digital coproduction, we illustrate four case examples to explain which opportunities for safety professionals and local governments arise to create a policy regime that suits the emerging digital technology regime.


Steven van den Oord
Steven van den Oord is werkzaam aan Avans Hogeschool ’s-Hertogenbosch.

Ben Kokkeler
Ben Kokkeler is is lector Digitalisering en Veiligheid aan Avans Hogeschool ’s-Hertogenbosch.
Artikel

Access_open Een einde aan ondermijning

Over de opkomst en werking van een nieuwe veiligheidsstrategie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden ondermijning, speech act, veiligheidsbeleid, drugs
Auteurs Hans Boutellier, Ronald van Steden, Yarin Eski e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Undermining has become a buzz-word in Dutch politics and security governance. On national and local level there is great concern about the disappearing lines between the legal and illegal world, which affects the democratic order and rule of law in the Netherlands. Hence, everything possible should be done in order to combat the creeping threat of undermining. However, what is undermining actually? And why has the concept become so popular now? In this contribution, the authors will consider those and other relevant key questions about the rise and effect of the undermining concept to provide more conceptual clarity. By critically reflecting on undermining as a speech act, that is ‘underminization’ (cf. securitization), and based on empirical research, the authors suggest that there are two discourses at work that hinder the effectivity of the concept: one is specifically focused on the drugs industry with its illegal activities and one broadens the concept into unlawful and undesired developments that interfere with societal stability. The authors conclude that the concept of undermining may mobilize at policy level, yet seems to paralyze at operational level.


Hans Boutellier
Hans Boutellier is verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Ronald van Steden
Ronald van Steden is verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Yarin Eski
Yarin Eski is verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Mauro Boelens
Mauro Boelens was verbonden aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen en politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en nu werkzaam bij TwynstraGudde.
Artikel

De invloed van bedreigingen op de gemeentelijke besluitvorming

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden bedreigingen in de politiek, ongewenste invloed, intensieve procesanalyse
Auteurs Diana Marijnissen en Emile Kolthoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution reports on a delimited part of a larger, exploratory study, the main question of which was: How do aldermen perceive threats, what are their behavioral intentions and what is the influence of threats on the process and the outcome of decision-making? This question was answered with the help of Q methodology, semi structured interviews and case studies. This article discusses the results of the case studies and semi structured interviews on the impact of threats on decision-making. In two of the investigated cases (N=3) there are indications that the threats affect the decision-making process. The first case involves risk-avoiding behavior. In the second case there is a stronger conviction and hardening of opinions. There are no indications that threats affect the outcome of the decision-making process. The political administrative system that we have in the Netherlands is able to counteract improper influence. This is due to various elements in the system such as the boldness and the results-focused attitude of civil service (case 1) and the mayor and aldermen (case 2 and 3) and the design of the rules and procedures (case 1, 2 and 3).


Diana Marijnissen
Diana Marijnissen is docent bij de opleiding Bestuurskunde van Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch en onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Ondermijning van het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool. Zij promoveerde in 2019 op een onderzoek naar bedreigde wethouders.

Emile Kolthoff
Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Ondermijning bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool. Hij is hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid.

Willem-Jan Kortleven
Willem-Jan Kortleven is universitair docent rechtssociologie aan de Erasmus School of Law en redacteur van Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid.
Artikel

De toekomst is aan de surfende criminoloog

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden criminology, artificial intelligence, research methods, research funding, causality
Auteurs Prof. dr. Jeroen Maesschalck
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    If, as criminologists, we really want to contribute to solutions for the great challenges of our time, we should be…surfing more. In a dynamic environment full of contradictions, we should be constantly in motion, moving left and right between different theoretical-normative perspectives as well as between methodological perspectives. This paper clarifies that surfing movement with some illustrations. It then proposes three goals for a criminological research agenda that should help us address the great challenges: actual (as opposed to superficial) relevance for practice, causal ambitions and multidisciplinarity. The paper concludes with some reflections about the organization and funding of criminological research.


Prof. dr. Jeroen Maesschalck
Prof. dr. J. Maesschalck is verbonden aan het Leuven Instituut voor Criminologie aan de KU Leuven.
Artikel

Criminologie in 2040

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden futures of criminology, scenario, interdisciplinarity, public criminology
Auteurs Prof. dr. Tom Vander Beken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Scenario techniques allow for dynamic explorations of possible futures. With the uncertainties about interdisciplinarity and the public role of criminology four scenarios for criminology in 2040 are presented. Crime Science and Criminal Policy describe situations which combine a strong public role for criminology to a low and high level of interdisciplinarity. Da Vinci and Theoretical Criminology portray futures with a limited public role for criminology and a high and low level of interdisciplinarity.


Prof. dr. Tom Vander Beken
Prof. dr. T. Vander Beken is gewoon hoogleraar aan de Universiteit Gent.
Kroniek

Criminalisering van migratie en grensmobiliteit als een legitieme zorg voor de publieke criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden crimmigration, border mobility, criminalization, migration, public criminology
Auteurs Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    What role do Dutch criminologists play in the – especially since the onset of the so-called migration crisis – heated national and international debates on the criminalization of migration and border mobility? This will be the central question in this publication. Based on an inventory of national and international peer-reviewed publications written by Dutch criminologists, the article will reflect upon Dutch criminologists’ public role. In addition, based on the observed ‘silences’ in the scholarly debates on the criminalization of migration and border mobility, three avenues for further criminological research will be identified.


Maartje van der Woude
Prof. mr. dr. M.A.H. van der Woude is hoogleraar Rechtssociologie aan het Van Vollenhoven Instituut voor Recht, Bestuur en Samenleving van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open Regelovertreding als voorspeller van incidenten in de chemische industrie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Compliance, Accidents, process safety, predicting, safety indicators
Auteurs Ellen Wiering, Arjan Blokland, Marieke Kluin e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Both major disasters and smaller incidents at chemical companies impact the environment. Seveso regulations aim to limit the impact of the chemical industry on man and the environment. This leads to the expectation that violation of these rules is predictive of incidents. In the current study, incidents at chemical companies are predicted from the company’s history of rule violation, previously reported incidents and corporate characteristics. Analysis of three years of inspection data and of six years of reported incidents, shows that the company’s branch and previous reported incidents predict the occurrence of an incident. The company’s history of rule violation, however, does not. Future research is needed to examine the different possible explanations for these contra intuitive results.


Ellen Wiering
Ellen Wiering is als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Arjan Blokland
Arjan Blokland is als bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Marieke Kluin
Marieke Kluin is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Wim Huisman
Wim Huisman is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Marlijn Peeters
Marlijn Peeters is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Georganiseerde houtcriminaliteit in de Braziliaanse Amazone

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden criminal timber networks, community-based and situational forest crime prevention, Amazon rainforest, Brazil, Illegal logging
Auteurs Dr. Tim Boekhout van Solinge
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    That criminal networks are active in the illegal exploitation of timber is increasingly acknowledged. The degree of organization of these networks, and the way in which they use (threats of) violence and corruption, is less known. This article describes and analyses, on the basis of various, including local, sources, how organized criminal groups in the Amazon rainforest illegally harvest trees which they sell on the (international) market and how they try to stay immune from the law by using threats, violence, fraud and corruption. This article also discusses the first results of a three-year pilot (2014-2017) of community-based forest monitoring and protection with waterproof GPS-camera’s, developed with communities and with support of the Brazilian Public Prosecutor’s Office.


Dr. Tim Boekhout van Solinge
Dr. T. Boekhout van Solinge is onafhankelijk criminologisch onderzoeker, docent en consultant.
Artikel

Selectieve ‘culturalisering’ in de praktijk van de jeugdbescherming in België

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden youth justice, Roma, Caucasian migrants, refugees, selectivity, deviance
Auteurs dr. Olga Petintseva
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper focuses on the practice of youth justice (termed ‘youth protection’ in Belgium) in which professional actors ascribe deviant behaviour of youngsters to different cultural and migration backgrounds. Intra-European Roma migrants and refugees from the Northern Caucasus in Belgium are chosen as case studies. Discourse analysis of 55 youth court files and 41 expert interviews with professional actors show that deviant behaviour of these young people is explained in different manners. Two discourses are identified: ‘criminal vagabonds’ and ‘war torn children’. These discourses and their effects in practice differ tremendously for both groups. The broader discussion this article touches upon is the selective inclusion and exclusion in the institutions of formal social control, through social practices of culturalisation.


dr. Olga Petintseva
dr. Olga Petintseva is doctor-assistent aan de vakgroep criminologie, strafrecht en sociaal recht, Universiteit Gent. Haar onderzoeksinteresse situeert zich binnen de narratieve criminologie, cultuurstudies en sociolinguïstiek. E-mail: olga.petintseva@ugent.be.
Artikel

Verstoorde veiligheidsbeleving

In gesprek met buurtbewoners over de ‘onveiligheid’ in hun buurt naar aanleiding van gestegen ‘gevoelens van onveiligheid’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden fear of crime, qualitative analysis, evidence based policy
Auteurs Remco Spithoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The ‘fear of crime’ is a buzzword among citizens, media, politicians and professionals by now. But the phenomenon seems to be as intangible as it is important. The struggle of professionals with this concept is the result of a too wide and self-evident problem definition. This article contains an alternative approach. The focus is on disturbed fear of crime: a negatively changed and problematically experienced fear of crime on the level of the neighborhood.
    Through a review of the literature and previous research, we work towards this concept and apply it to the neighborhood of Kerckebosch in the municipality of Zeist in the Netherlands. As during 2014 the local quantitative indicators for ‘the fear of crime’ rose from 7% of the local population indicating to ‘sometimes feel unsafe’ to 22%, while the rest of the municipality remained quite stable. Additionally, several local professionals received complaints of multiple local inhabitants claiming to ‘feel unsafe’ in the neighborhood. Our research question was: What explanations for their ‘disturbed fear of crime’ do local inhabitants of the neighborhood Kerckebosch give?
    It was highly plausible that this local rise of the fear in Kerckebosch was connected to the social re-engineering of the neighborhood, but the exact nature of the quantitative rise was unclear. Therefore, we have interviewed 25 local inhabitants. Qualitative analyses showed the local rise of ‘the fear of crime’ to be the result of: (I) physical characteristics of the neighborhood; (II) events of burglary and intimidation from the past; (III) the presence of loitering youths and – primarily – (VI) a backlash of social integration as a side effect of the social re-engineering of the neighborhood. These qualitative explanations to the observed quantitative discontinuity led to several policy advises, which were based on international effect studies.


Remco Spithoven
Remco Spithoven is hoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Veiligheid en het lectoraat Kennisanalyse Sociale Veiligheid aan de Hogeschool Utrecht. Daarnaast is hij research-fellow bij de leerstoel Veiligheid en Veerkracht aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Harde-kernsupporters, gelegenheidsstructuren en georganiseerde criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden hooliganism, organized crime, drugs trade, social opportunity, social embeddedness
Auteurs Bart Collard MSc en Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper describes the results of twelve criminal investigations into criminal activities of hardcore supporters of a Dutch soccer club. The information from these criminal investigations consists of among other 74,246 transcribed, wiretapped telephone conversations and 643 pages with transcribed, secretly recorded conversations in cars (between March 2009 and June 2013). The organization and execution of these criminal activities (particularly large-scale drugs trade and extortion) is described within the context of the daily activities of these hardcore supporters. This context consists of regularly visiting soccer games (in the Netherlands and abroad), bars and the supportershome, and the subculture of hooliganism. The results show a criminal group using the opportunity structures related to hooliganism for carrying out criminal activities.


Bart Collard MSc
B.J. Collard MSc is inspecteur van de politie.

Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans
Prof. dr. E.R. Kleemans is hoogleraar Zware Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving aan de Vrije Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Criminaliteitsconcentraties en microplaatsen

Een toets van de ‘law of crime concentration at places’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden law of crime concentration, micro places, crime concentrations, criminology of place
Auteurs Prof. dr. Wim Hardyns, Thom Snaphaan MSc. en Prof. dr. Lieven J.R. Pauwels
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The spatial concentrations of crime are increasingly being studied in smaller units of analysis. This study examines the extent to which crime levels occur at micro places. Weisburd argues there is a law of crime concentration at micro places. His so-called ‘law of crime concentration at places’ states that within an urban context a limited bandwidth of micro places is associated with a specific cumulative proportion of crime (e.g. 25 or 50 percent of crime in a city). In this study the authors investigate Weisburd’s statement in regard to crime concentrations in two large Belgian cities. Official police crime statistics (PCS) for the period 2004-2012 were used. There are several ways to define and operationalize a micro place. Therefore, this study also examines whether the unit of analysis has implications for the concentration of crime at places. Analyses were conducted at two small levels, namely: grid level (using 200 meters by 200 meters grid cells) and the level of the statistical sector (more or less similar to four digit postcode areas or CBS-neighborhoods). This study shows that the concentrations of crime at grid cells are in line with the findings of Weisburd. This trend is consistent in time, for the types of crime as well as for the two cities involved. The concentrations of crime at the level of the statistical sector appear to be less strong and therefore are not in line with the law of crime concentration at places.


Prof. dr. Wim Hardyns
Prof. dr. W. Hardyns is professor aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht van de Universiteit Gent. Als lid van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP) bestudeert hij de ruimtelijke context van criminele fenomenen en is hij gespecialiseerd in big data toepassingen in het veiligheidsdomein.

Thom Snaphaan MSc.
J.A.J.M. Snaphaan, Msc behaalde zijn diploma van Master in de Veiligheidswetenschappen aan de Universiteit Antwerpen.

Prof. dr. Lieven J.R. Pauwels
Prof. dr. L.J.R. Pauwels is professor aan de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht van de Universiteit Gent en co-directeur van het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP).
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