Zoekresultaat: 46 artikelen

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Artikel

Access_open Het aanpassingsdilemma online: een verkennend onderzoek naar extreemrechts op social media

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden far-right, online extremism, ideology, resistance, social media
Auteurs Dr. Robby Roks en Jolijn van der Schoot MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the ways the NVU, Pegida and Voorpost - three far-right groups from the Netherlands - make use of social media platforms in the year 2017. Our results show that these extreme right-wing groups use social media to spread their ideology, to construct a group identity, and to call for (democratic) forms of resistances. In addition, our findings illustrate that these far-right groups seem to adjust to their digital surroundings: they do not change or conceal their extremist ideas, but rather manage their online content to ensure that their ideologies can be disseminated through social media.


Dr. Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Jolijn van der Schoot MSc
J.M.W.A. van der Schoot MSc is Sociotherapeut bij de Forensische Zorgspecialisten. Haar scriptie ‘Extreemrechts Online’ (2018), geschreven als masterscriptie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit vormde de basis van het onderhavige artikel.
Redactioneel

Access_open 60 jaar TvC

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Auteurs Arjan Blokland, André van der Laan, Stefaan Pleysier e.a.

Arjan Blokland

André van der Laan

Stefaan Pleysier

Lisa van Reemst

Robby Roks

Toine Spapens

Antoinette Verhage

Karin van Wingerde
Artikel

Crimineel gedrag over de levensloop én over generaties: de rol van het gezin

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden intergenerational continuity, Criminal behavior, Family, Family relations, Generations
Auteurs Dr. Veroni Eichelsheim
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In criminology, explanations for engagement in externalizing or criminal behavior are often found within the direct (social) environment of the individual. More specifically, family functioning, the quality of family relations and parenting strategies during childhood and adolescence are found to be related to the development of externalizing problems or criminal behavior over the life-course. Although less well studied, the opposite might also be true: externalizing problems or delinquency during childhood and adolescence may in turn also affect some important (family-related) transitions over the life-course, such as engagement in romantic relationships, the transition to parenthood, parenting strategies and broader family functioning. Not surprisingly, in life-course criminology there is increasing attention for familial similarities in externalizing and delinquent behavior. What underlies intergenerational continuity of criminal behavior? Under which circumstances behavior is continued over the course of generations? What is the role of the family? What is needed to break intergenerational cycles and facilitate earlier and more effective interventions? In this article, a literature review is provided on the role of the family in intergenerational continuity of externalizing or criminal behavior over the life-course and across generations.


Dr. Veroni Eichelsheim
Dr. V.I. Eichelsheim is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Patronen in regelovertreding in de chemische industrie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden corporate crime, compliance, longitudinal, life course, criminal career
Auteurs Dr. Marieke Kluin MSc., Prof. dr. mr. Arjan Blokland, Prof. mr. Wim Huisman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Unlike criminal career research into the criminal behavior of natural persons, longitudinal research into rule violations by corporations is still scant. The few available studies are mostly limited to US corporations, and suffer from either a small sample size or a short follow-up period, limiting the generalizability of their findings. The present study uses longitudinal data on rule violating behavior of 494 Dutch chemical corporations derived from yearly inspections (N=4.367) of the relevant safety and environmental agencies between 2006 and 2017. The study aims to gain insight in the patterning of rule violations by Dutch chemical corporations, and the extent to which these patterns are associated with sector and corporate characteristics. The results show that rule violation is common among Dutch chemical corporations. A small minority of chronically violating corporations however, is responsible for a disproportional share of all observed rule violations. Using group-based trajectory modelling (GBTM) we distinguish several longitudinal patterns of rule violations in our data. Available sector and corporation characteristics are only weakly associated with the patterns of rule violations identified.


Dr. Marieke Kluin MSc.
Dr. M.H.A. Kluin is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. mr. Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. mr. A.A.J. Blokland is als bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het NSCR.

Prof. mr. Wim Huisman
Prof. mr. W. Huisman is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Marlijn Peeters
Dr. M.P. Peeters is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Ellen Wiering MSc
E. Wiering, MSc is als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Steven Jaspers MSc
S.J. Jaspers, MSc studeerde criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Redactioneel

Organisatiecriminaliteit en de aanpak ervan in de Lage Landen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Organisatiecriminaliteit, Witteboordencriminaliteit, Handhaving, ING-affaire
Auteurs Dr. Karin Van Wingerde, Prof. dr. Antoinette Verhage en Dr. Lieselot Bisschop
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this introductory article we will discuss some of the recent developments in corporate crime research in the Netherlands and Belgium since 2008. In doing so, we will answer the following three questions: (1) What are the most important developments in the way research on corporate crime has been carried out? (2) What are key themes in corporate crime research? (3) What are the most important blind spots in research into corporate crime? We will conclude with some avenues for future research on corporate crime and its enforcement.


Dr. Karin Van Wingerde
Dr. C.G. van Wingerde is universitair docent bij de sectie criminologie aan Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. dr. Antoinette Verhage
Prof. dr. A.H.S. Verhage is docent bij de vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht van de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid (Universiteit Gent) en verbonden aan het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP) van de Universiteit Gent.

Dr. Lieselot Bisschop
Dr. L.C.J. Bisschop is universitair docent bij de sectie criminologie aan Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Drie perspectieven op de illegale vogelhandel in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden green criminology, illicit trade in species of endangered birds, CITES convention
Auteurs Dr. Daan van Uhm en Prof. dr. Toine Spapens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Netherlands are considered as an important hub for the illicit trade in species of endangered birds protected by the CITES convention. In this article the authors analyze five substantial criminal cases from three different perspectives. First, from a criminal business perspective, the cases illustrate that logistics vary from relatively simple to highly complex, but always require in-depth knowledge of the animals as well as regulations, to be able to keep the birds alive to make a profit, and to smuggle them to the Netherlands, respectively. Second, from a network perspective, it is clear that those who are involved in the illicit trade – suppliers, traders and customers – are part of a closed and often long-lasting group of people who know the trade. Finally, from a green criminological perspective, the authors conclude that harms of the illicit trade in protected birds are mentioned only to a limited extent in court rulings, contrary to what one might expect based on social construction theories of criminalization and sentencing.


Dr. Daan van Uhm
Dr. D.P. van Uhm is universitair docent criminologie bij het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. dr. Toine Spapens
Prof. dr. A.C.M. Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

State-corporate crime en niet-democratische regimes: betrokkenheid van bedrijven in internationale misdrijven

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden state-corporate crime, international crimes, state crime, business and human rights
Auteurs Annika van Baar MA MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Most state-corporate crime research is focused on crime or harmful outcomes in or by democratic states. The goal of this article is to investigate the applicability of this concept to relations between economic actors and non-democratic state actors. The concept of state-corporate crime is applied to three contexts in which corporations have become involved in international crimes such as genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Each representing a turning point in the academic and public perception of ‘business and human rights’, the contexts that are analysed are Nazi Germany (1993-1945), Apartheid South Africa (1948-1994) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC; 1996-now). It is concluded that in non-democratic states with totalitarian of authoritarian regimes (such as Nazi Germany and Apartheid South Africa), the concept of state-corporate crime is applicable and explanatory. In such strong states, economic and state actors make use of mutual benefits while, on the whole, state-interests prevail. As a result, the harmful outcome of the dynamics between corporations and states can best be described as corporate facilitated state crime. In weak states (such as the DRC) economic actors are generally more powerful while their involvement in international crimes also runs via non-state actors. The blurred lines between economic actors and state actors (and their interests) makes it difficult to apply the concept, in its different forms, to state-corporate cooperation in weak states and ‘new’ wars.


Annika van Baar MA MSc
Annika van Baar, MA MSc, is post-doc onderzoeker Resilient Societies – Resilient Rule of Law, Faculteit Recht, Economie, Bestuur en Organisatie, Universiteit Utrecht. E-mail: a.vanbaar@uu.nl.
Artikel

Selectieve ‘culturalisering’ in de praktijk van de jeugdbescherming in België

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden youth justice, Roma, Caucasian migrants, refugees, selectivity, deviance
Auteurs dr. Olga Petintseva
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper focuses on the practice of youth justice (termed ‘youth protection’ in Belgium) in which professional actors ascribe deviant behaviour of youngsters to different cultural and migration backgrounds. Intra-European Roma migrants and refugees from the Northern Caucasus in Belgium are chosen as case studies. Discourse analysis of 55 youth court files and 41 expert interviews with professional actors show that deviant behaviour of these young people is explained in different manners. Two discourses are identified: ‘criminal vagabonds’ and ‘war torn children’. These discourses and their effects in practice differ tremendously for both groups. The broader discussion this article touches upon is the selective inclusion and exclusion in the institutions of formal social control, through social practices of culturalisation.


dr. Olga Petintseva
dr. Olga Petintseva is doctor-assistent aan de vakgroep criminologie, strafrecht en sociaal recht, Universiteit Gent. Haar onderzoeksinteresse situeert zich binnen de narratieve criminologie, cultuurstudies en sociolinguïstiek. E-mail: olga.petintseva@ugent.be.
Artikel

Framing en interactie in grootschalige rechercheonderzoeken

Goffmans perspectief op de opsporing

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden criminal investigation, framing, police, Goffman
Auteurs Mr. dr. Renze Salet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This empirical study examines how criminal investigative police officers (re)construct a criminal case and the vulnerabilities of their logic.The investigation process is analyzed through Goffman’s framing and interaction theories. While Goffman’s theories have been widely applied to other disciplines, such contributions remain rare in criminology. Here, they shed light on how detectives understand and give meaning to the situation surrounding the criminal case they encounter. The results indicate that this approach shows promise for improving our understanding of the investigative process, if complemented by other theoretical views.


Mr. dr. Renze Salet
Mr. dr. R. Salet is universitair docent bij de sectie Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Het effect van de politierespons in een specifieke zaak op de bereidheid tot medewerking onder slachtoffers van criminaliteit

Een vignettenexperiment

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1-2 2017
Trefwoorden mock victims, vignettenexperiment, police response, police legitimacy, cooperation
Auteurs Nathalie Koster MSc, Dr. Michèlle Bal, Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The current vignette experiment among 414 students in the Netherlands explores the effect of the police response on willingness to cooperate and examines whether this relationship is mediated by perceptions of the legitimacy of the police. This is done based on Tyler’s procedural justice theory and previous research among crime victims. The police response in the vignette was manipulated in two ways: the police offered a fair/unfair treatment and had/had not performed investigative actions. There was no police contact in a control group. The results suggest a positive effect of the police response on willingness to cooperate and imply that this relationship is mediated by perceived trust in the police.


Nathalie Koster MSc
N.N. Koster MSc is promovenda aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Michèlle Bal
Dr. M. Bal is universitair docent aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. J.P. van der Leun is hoogleraar aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. mr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. mr. M.J.J. Kunst is universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Redactioneel

Street-level bureaucracy en actoren in de veiligheidszorg

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden street-level bureaucracy, discretionary power, public safety, frontline worker, dilemmas
Auteurs Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff, Dr. Kim Loyens en Prof. dr. Antoinette Verhage
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The editorial introduction to this special issue on street-level bureaucracy (36 years after the publication of Michael Lipsky’s book) draws attention to the important role of frontline workers in the implementation of policy in practice. The two narratives as distinguished by Maynard-Moody and Musheno (2000) – that of government as an institution and that of the frontline workers themselves – are discussed in the light of the use of discretionary power by the frontline workers. The various dilemmas that the frontline worker encounters while doing so are briefly introduced and the role of the emergence of New Public Management and the resulting public-private partnerships since the eighties discussed.


Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff
Prof. dr. E.W. Kolthoff is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Veiligheid, openbare orde en recht bij Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch.

Dr. Kim Loyens
Dr. K. M. Loyens is universitair docent aan het departement Bestuurs- en Organisatiewetenschap van de Universiteit Utrecht en geaffilieerd onderzoeker aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie van de Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Prof. dr. Antoinette Verhage
Prof. dr. A.H.S. Verhage is docent aan de vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht (Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Gent, en verbonden aan het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP), Universiteit Gent).
Artikel

Normbeelden als alternatief voor politiecultuur: de integere, neutrale en loyale supercop

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0203 2016
Trefwoorden police culture, norm image, integrity, neutrality, loyalty
Auteurs Sinan Çankaya
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article argues that the notion of norm images does more justice to the complexity of the police organization. The notion of ‘police culture’ is heavily criticized for its homogenizing tendencies, monolithic connotations and stereotypical and negative evaluation of police work. Norm images have an analytical value, because (1) the images are contextualized within and connected to the rule of law, (2) the images are sufficiently analytically flexible for a situational and relational interpretation of the cultural processes within the police organization, and (3) the notion theoretically presupposes the resistance strategies of social actors against the norm images. The article illustrates the theoretical value of norm images by focusing on the dominant images of the ‘trustworthy’, ‘neutral’ and ‘loyal’ police officer.


Sinan Çankaya
Sinan Çankaya is universitair docent op de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen & Politicologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Marc Cools
Prof. dr. M. Cools is professor in de vakgroep criminologie, strafrecht en sociaal recht aan de Universiteit Gent en in de vakgroep criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.
Artikel

‘Boeven vangen’

Het spel tussen politieagenten en de Ander

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2016
Trefwoorden ethnic profiling, policing, othering, proactive stop
Auteurs dr. Lianne Kleijer-Kool en dr. Wouter Landman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is based on ethnographic research over recent years in eight Dutch police teams. It focuses on the othering process in which police officers define ‘crooks’ as the Other and chase, catch and arrest them. Catching crooks is perceived as an assignment as well as a game. Street cops construct detailed subcategories of the crook which influence their daily practices. They select crooks by recognition (the permanent suspects), by abnormalization (out of placeness) and by profiling (regardless of place). In addition to the discussion on ethnic profiling, we argue that profiling is a contextual practice. The contents of the profiles depend on the demographic characteristics of the district in which a police team operates. Interacting mediaframes of both the crook and the police reinforce the mutual caricatures and tense relationships.


dr. Lianne Kleijer-Kool
Dr. Lianne Kleijer-Kool is cultureel antropoloog en criminoloog en werkzaam als onderzoeker/docent bij Hogeschool Utrecht.

dr. Wouter Landman
Dr. Wouter Landman is bestuurskundige en werkzaam als onderzoeker/adviseur bij Twynstra Gudde.
Artikel

‘Onze kinderen zijn geen terroristen’

Families van Belgische en Nederlandse Syriëgangers over het vertrek van hun geliefden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden foreign fighters, armed struggle, families, Syria, radicalization
Auteurs Dr. Marion van San
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since March 2013 a sizeable number of Belgian and Dutch youngsters have joined the armed conflict in Syria. According to recent estimates, Belgium has 438 foreign fighters in Syria, the Netherlands 160. Very little is known about who these people are and what made them decide to join the armed struggle. There is also a lack of information regarding their families. The research on which this article is based comprised interviews with twenty families with at least one member who has left for Syria. In addition, former teachers of these youngsters were asked to reflect on their students’ actions. The central questions of this article concern the views of family members on the youngsters’ decision to join the armed struggle, whether or not there were signs of radicalization prior to their leaving, and whether all of them actually did go through a process of radicalization.


Dr. Marion van San
Dr. M. van San is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het RISBO (Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam).
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