Zoekresultaat: 7 artikelen

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Artikel

De ‘criminele sponsor’ van het lokale amateurvoetbal

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden georganiseerde misdaad, organisatiecriminaliteit, voetbal, witwassen, filantropie
Auteurs Professor Toine Spapens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The social role of criminals in local communities has so far received relatively little systematic academic attention. This applies more specifically to their involvement in philanthropic activities. This paper describes and analyses the role of dubious sponsors particularly in Dutch amateur football. Although it is difficult to estimate the scope of the problem, results indicate that criminal sponsorship is not incidental. It mainly concerns corporate criminals, persons involved in drug crimes and outlaw motorcycle gangs. The main goal is to enhance their public image. In most cases, their involvement in crimes or regulatory offenses is difficult to assess without a doubt, which complicates preventative measures. Our analysis shows several interacting factors which increase clubs’ vulnerability to criminal infiltration: setting overambitious sportive goals; dependence on volunteers and a lack of formal integrity policies and internal compliance mechanisms; financial problems; and external pressures associated with the club’s role as the ‘pride’ of the city, the village or the neighbourhood.


Professor Toine Spapens
Professor Toine Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie aan Tilburg University.
Redactioneel

Burgeropsporing: kansen en uitdagingen in een snel ontwikkelende praktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Auteurs Nicolien Kop, Sven Brinkhoff en Robin Christiaan van Halderen
Auteursinformatie

Nicolien Kop
Nicolien Kop is als lector criminaliteitsbeheersing & recherchekunde werkzaam bij de Politieacademie.

Sven Brinkhoff
Sven Brinkhoff is werkzaam aan de Open Universiteit.

Robin Christiaan van Halderen
Robin Christiaan van Halderen is werkzaam aan Avans Hogeschool Den Bosch.

    In former times, citizens themselves were responsible for ensuring and protecting their own safety. Over the years, this responsibility largely shifted to the government, partly due to the establishment of an institutionalized police force. In recent years, citizens have increasingly reestablishing themselves in domain of social security. Citizens are engaged in tasks that are traditionally seen as primarily the responsibility of the police, such as law enforcement, criminal investigation and immediate in case of emergencies.
    Technology can be considered as one of the major driving forces behind this increasing contribution of citizens in the field of security. Technology makes it possible to quickly find and share information and enhances people’s ability to deal with cognitively complex tasks. In a certain way, technology democratizes police work by making the skills and tools available for every citizen.
    In this article we will discuss the value of a specific form of technological support for citizens in their search for missing persons: the missing persons app ‘Sarea’. The Netherlands has a high number of missing persons and in many incidents citizens start searching themselves. Often, this citizen initiatives are uncoordinated. Therefore, an app has been developed by the police to help citizens start and coordinate their own searches for a missing person.


Jerôme Lam
Jerôme Lam is werkzaam bij de Politieacademie.

Nicolien Kop
Nicolien Kop is werkzaam bij de Politieacademie.

Celest Houtman
Celest Houtman is als onderzoeker werkzaam bij Politie Nederland, Eenheid Oost-Nederland, Dienst Informatie.
Artikel

Access_open Het aanpassingsdilemma online: een verkennend onderzoek naar extreemrechts op social media

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden far-right, online extremism, ideology, resistance, social media
Auteurs Dr. Robby Roks en Jolijn van der Schoot MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the ways the NVU, Pegida and Voorpost - three far-right groups from the Netherlands - make use of social media platforms in the year 2017. Our results show that these extreme right-wing groups use social media to spread their ideology, to construct a group identity, and to call for (democratic) forms of resistances. In addition, our findings illustrate that these far-right groups seem to adjust to their digital surroundings: they do not change or conceal their extremist ideas, but rather manage their online content to ensure that their ideologies can be disseminated through social media.


Dr. Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Jolijn van der Schoot MSc
J.M.W.A. van der Schoot MSc is Sociotherapeut bij de Forensische Zorgspecialisten. Haar scriptie ‘Extreemrechts Online’ (2018), geschreven als masterscriptie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit vormde de basis van het onderhavige artikel.
Artikel

‘Onze kinderen zijn geen terroristen’

Families van Belgische en Nederlandse Syriëgangers over het vertrek van hun geliefden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden foreign fighters, armed struggle, families, Syria, radicalization
Auteurs Dr. Marion van San
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since March 2013 a sizeable number of Belgian and Dutch youngsters have joined the armed conflict in Syria. According to recent estimates, Belgium has 438 foreign fighters in Syria, the Netherlands 160. Very little is known about who these people are and what made them decide to join the armed struggle. There is also a lack of information regarding their families. The research on which this article is based comprised interviews with twenty families with at least one member who has left for Syria. In addition, former teachers of these youngsters were asked to reflect on their students’ actions. The central questions of this article concern the views of family members on the youngsters’ decision to join the armed struggle, whether or not there were signs of radicalization prior to their leaving, and whether all of them actually did go through a process of radicalization.


Dr. Marion van San
Dr. M. van San is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het RISBO (Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam).
Artikel

Professionele weerbaarheid en de politie

Naar een persoonsgerichte aanpak

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2014
Auteurs Geeske ten Wolde, Barbara Zwirs en Nelleke Kruse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The aim of the article is to analyse the correlations between social cognitive factors and behaviour that increases resilience by police officers and to assess in which way intention mediates the possible correlations. The study was based on Ajzen's theory of planned behaviour. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in which 1.799 police officers in the Netherlands completed a questionnaire. Data was also collected by organising qualitative expert meetings with police officers. The data has been analysed using linear regression. The results show that intention had the highest correlation with behaviour that increases resilience and mediates the correlations of the social cognitive factors partially. Perceived behavioural control and attitude also had a direct correlation with behaviour that increases resilience. Subjective norm had a weak correlation with behaviour. This is the first study which tested TPB for behaviour that increases resilience by police officers. Because the design of this study was cross-sectional, more research is needed to better understand the causal relations between social cognitive factors and intention with behaviour that increases resilience by police officers.


Geeske ten Wolde
Geeske ten Wolde is werkzaam voor de politie-eenheid Noord-Holland en onderzoeker bij het project ‘Versterking Professionele Weerbaarheid’.

Barbara Zwirs
Barbara Zwirs is universitair docent Criminologie aan het Instituut Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Nelleke Kruse
Nelleke Kruse was onderzoeker bij het project ‘Versterking Professionele Weerbaarheid’ van de politie-eenheid Noord-Holland.
Artikel

Geestelijke verzorging in penitentiaire inrichtingen: zorg zonder targets

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden chaplaincy, spiritual care, detainees, penal system
Auteurs Dr. Mohamed Ajouaou
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Spiritual care is connected with one’s identity and is linked to the religious or worldview background of the detainee. The spiritual caregiver’s religious or worldview serves the question of care. This care does not have any ‘care targets’; the basic characteristics for this care are availability and presence. The positive effect of his or her efforts on the well-being of the detainee and his contribution to a humanitarian penal system, resocialization in general, and maintenance of order have already been proven. Despite the legal protection spiritual care cannot escape the discussion on the role of religion and worldview in a strongly secularized society. This article suggests that spiritual care weathers this questioning.


Dr. Mohamed Ajouaou
Dr. M. Ajouaou is universitair docent islamitische theologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en hoofd Islamitische Geestelijke Verzorging bij het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.
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