Zoekresultaat: 23 artikelen

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Artikel

Access_open De historie van de operationeel leider

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Historie, Operationeel leider, Bureaupolitiek, Beethovenfout voor samenwerking
Auteurs Bernard Groot en Ira Helsloot
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The operational leader, the ‘gold commander’, fulfils a crucial function in crisis- and disaster management in the Netherlands. He is held responsible for the total coordination of all collaborating emergency services and supports/advises the Mayor, the Commander in Chief. Unfortunately, this function has never been very effective in practise, as shown by many evaluations. From a scientific point of view, it is easy to understand why the operational leader cannot be effective in the Dutch crisis management organisation. The operational leader has no authorities and has been seated in an emergency operation centre far from the Mayor. This article examines why this issue has not been solved, despite 30 years of studying and adjusting the Dutch crisis management organisation.


Bernard Groot
Bernard Groot is directeur van Crisiscontrol BV te Hardinxveld-Giessendam. Het bedrijf legt zich toe op crisisbeheersing, rampenbestrijding, advies/opleiding/training en interim-management.

Ira Helsloot
Ira Helsloot is hoogleraar Besturen van Veiligheid aan de Radboud Universiteit.
Artikel

De geschatte waarde van het preventieprogramma Brandveilig Leven op basis van de contingente waarderingsmethode (CV – Contingent Valuation)

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden willingness-to-pay, contingent valuation, impact assessment, community fire safety
Auteurs David Bornebroek, Ron de Wit, Marc van Buiten e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch Regional Fire Services collectively aim at preventing fire, casualties and damage. The main activity is informing citizens about fire risks and the appropriate measures they can take. From both a political and social perspective, it is valuable to know what the return of the Community Fire Safety program is. One way to chart the return of the program is a comparison of the cost of, and society’s willingness-to-pay for, the program. To estimate this willingness-to-pay, this article applies the contingent valuation method to a national representative sample of 806 Dutch citizens. The results show that willingness-to-pay of an average Dutch household is estimated to be between € 25.00 and € 35.67 per year provided the Community Fire Safety program improves the fire safety by 10%. At the national level, this amounts to 200 – 270 million euro annually. This value is seven to ten times more than the approximate costs of the current Community Fire Safety program.


David Bornebroek
David Bornebroek is manager/directeur van Twente Safety Campus en Teamleider (Brand) Veilig Leven en projectleider Risk Factory bij Brandweer Twente.

Ron de Wit
Ron de Wit is plaatsvervangend commandant van de Brandweer Twente.

Marc van Buiten
Marc van Buiten is universitair docent aan de faculteit Engeneering Technology aan de Universiteit Twente.

Ira Helsloot
Ira Helsloot is hoogleraar Besturen van Veiligheid aan de Radboud Universiteit.
Artikel

De invloed van snelle analyseresultaten op de interpretatie van een plaats delict

Een experimentele studie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1-2 2017
Trefwoorden forensic science, crime scene investigation, mobile identification techniques, hypothesis formation, database matches
Auteurs Jaimy Meeuwissen MSc, MCI, Madeleine de Gruijter MSc en Prof. dr. Christianne de Poot
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Mobile identification techniques will, in the near future, make it possible to rapidly analyze DNA and fingerprint traces during a crime scene investigation, compare them with reference samples, and use the results in the investigation. In this experimental study the influence of these rapid analysis results on the formation of hypotheses, and of database matches in these results on the interpretation of traces by Crime Scene Investigators (CSIs) in the Netherlands was studied. A group of CSIs (N=65) conducted a simulated crime scene investigation. The analysis results as well as the moment these were provided were manipulated. The results show that the analysis results influence the formation of hypotheses by CSIs, and that this influence is time-dependent. Judgments by CSIs regarding the importance of traces were shown not to be influenced by database matches.


Jaimy Meeuwissen MSc, MCI
J.A.C. Meeuwissen MSc, MCI is recherchekundige bij de Nationale Politie, eenheid Oost-Brabant, Forensische Opsporing.

Madeleine de Gruijter MSc
M. de Gruijter MSc is promovendus bij het Lectoraat Forensisch Onderzoek aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam.

Prof. dr. Christianne de Poot
Prof. dr. C.J. de Poot is hoogleraar criminalistiek aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, lector Forensisch Onderzoek aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam en de Politieacademie en senior onderzoeker bij het WODC.
Artikel

De preparatie op de nafase binnen veiligheidsregio’s

Een verkennend onderzoek

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Crisisbeheersing, Bevolkingszorg, Psychosociale aspecten, Veiligheidsregio’s
Auteurs Martine de Bas, Ira Helsloot en Michel Dückers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article addresses disaster recovery preparedness characteristics prescribed by literature and guidelines. An exploratory study was conducted in 25 Dutch safety regions to describe the status of disaster recovery preparedness with an emphasis on psychosocial support aspects. The study pointed at substantial cross-regional variation. Particular areas of improvement were identified in relation to involving citizens and partner organizations in safety regions’ recovery planning efforts, and the extent to which preparedness activities are guided by regional risk profiles. Optimization of preparedness takes place in an everyday context where relatively little priority is assigned to disaster recovery. Also, as major crises are fairly scarce there is little room for learning or routinization. Deliberate investments to enhance disaster recovery preparedness are needed, they would however benefit from more research into the association between relevant conditions, the disaster recovery preparedness level and the quality of service delivery when an event actually takes place.


Martine de Bas
Martine de Bas is Senior adviseur bij De Nafase.

Ira Helsloot
Ira Helsloot is hoogleraar besturen van veiligheid aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Michel Dückers
Michel Dückers is programmacoördinator rampen en crises bij Impact – Landelijk kennis- en adviescentrum psychosociale hulp bij rampen en calamiteiten, en senior onderzoeker bij NIVEL – Nederlands instituut voor onderzoek van de gezondheidszorg.
Artikel

Spot on! Zelfredzaamheid en verwachtingen van burgers bij een black-out

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 0304 2015
Trefwoorden Stroomonderbreking, Zelfredzaamheid, Actief burgerschap, Veerkracht
Auteurs Evelien De Pauw, Arne Dormaels en Marleen Easton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since winter 2014, Belgian is faced with a possible rolling out of power. Blackouts come without any warning whilst the duration and cause of it is mostly unclear. Rolling outs are usually planned by utility companies to put small service areas without electricity, to cope with a high energy demand that the utility companies can’t supply. This rolling out plan can prevent a larger blackout and should make people aware of the consequences of a possible black-out.
    Given this situation, this paper presents the result of a study asking citizens about their self-efficacy and organizations of their own house hold to deal with possible blackouts. For this survey, 473 citizens have been interviewed in 2 Belgian cities. We asked about their own action to organize themselves and were looking at their expectations of the government.


Evelien De Pauw
Evelien De Pauw is assistent aan de UGent, opleiding bestuurskunde en publiek management, en verbonden als gastdocent aan de Vives Hogeschool, studiegebied sociaal agogisch werk, bachelor Maatschappelijke Veiligheid.

Arne Dormaels
Arne Dormaels is werkzaam bij het Innovatiecentrum voor Veiligheid, INNOS vzw en verboden aan de UGent, opleiding bestuurskunde en publiek management.

Marleen Easton
Marleen Easton is voorzitter van INNOS en als hoofddocent verbonden aan de UGent, opleiding bestuurskunde en publiek management.

Ir. Willem Treurniet
Willem Treurniet is buitenpromovendus aan de VU en Strategic Advisor Netcentric Crisis Management aan het Instituut Fysieke Veiligheid.
Artikel

De samenhang tussen fysieke en sociale veiligheid in theorie en praktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden safety, security, disciplinary boundaries, multidisciplinary collaboration, networked coordination
Auteurs Hanneke Duijnhoven, Kim van Buul-Besseling en Nathalie Vink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the complex relations between the organizational fields of safety (i.e. disaster and crisis response) and security (i.e. crime prevention and public order), and the ways in which disciplinary and organizational boundaries make it difficult to come to a better integration or coordination in the safety and security domain. Based on results of a research project on cooperation and information-sharing between organizations in the fields of safety and security, the authors argue that it is not realistic to refer to safety and security as relatively independent fields. Instead, it would be more useful to approach it as a connected domain, encompassing both safety and security disciplines. Yet, the separation of the two fields is strongly embedded in the culture and responsibilities of organizations in these fields, which reinforces the disciplinary boundaries in the domain. Nevertheless, in the last few years it seems that there is an increasing recognition of the need for multidisciplinary collaboration in the safety and security domain. This paper explores possible directions for creating more coherence and integration in the safety and security domain. The authors believe that much progress can be made if key stakeholders in the safety and security domain are able to adopt a broader, multidisciplinary perspective when approaching safety and security events.


Hanneke Duijnhoven
Hanneke Duijnhoven is consultant bij TNO.

Kim van Buul-Besseling
Kim van Buul-Besseling is consultant bij TNO.

Nathalie Vink
Nathalie Vink is consultant bij TNO.
Artikel

Het temmen van de toekomst

Van een veiligheids- naar een risicocultuur

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden timescape, risk governance, Dutch security culture, historicization
Auteurs Prof. dr. Beatrice de Graaf
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    By introducing the historical concept of timescapes, we will investigate the transformation of a security to a risk culture in Dutch post war history. We will test Ulrich Beck’s paradigm of the risk society with respect to the Dutch policy arena, and we will analyze what drove this postulated transformation in the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, not the 1970s/1980s, but the 1990s saw the onset of this change. Concrete trigger moments and the rise of a new populist movement around 1999 signalled the beginning of this new mode of risk governance that was consolidated after 2001. With this description, an attempt to historicize the development of an all encompassing national security culture is provided.


Prof. dr. Beatrice de Graaf
Prof. dr. Beatrice de Graaf is hoogleraar conflict en veiligheid in historisch perspectief aan de Universiteit Leiden. E-mail: b.a.de.graaf@cdh.leidenuniv.nl.

Jeroen van der Heijden
Dr. Jeroen van der Heijden is als assistant professor verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechten van de Universiteit van Amsterdam en the Regulatory Institutions Network (RegNet) van de Australian National University. E-mail: j.j.vanderheijden@anu.edu.au
Artikel

Twitter tijdens flitscrises

Een onderbenut potentieel?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2012
Trefwoorden Twitter, flash crises, crisis communication, Moerdijk, social media
Auteurs Jelle Groenendaal, Martine de Bas en Ira Helsloot
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    By pointing to the immense use of Twitter by citizens during crises, communication experts argue that governments should participate more actively on Twitter during crises. Until now, however, little empirical research has been conducted to validate this claim. This article aims at validating this claim and putting forward building blocks for an evidence-based vision on the use of Twitter by governments during flash crises, i.e. large-scale incidents that occur unexpectedly and immediately. The authors analysed 52.806 tweets sent by citizens and governments during a large-scale industrial fire in Moerdijk (2011). They looked at the content of the tweets and sorted them into fourteen categories. The results show that most of the tweets sent by citizens contained no new or relevant information for governments. In addition, the tweets sent by governments were totally ‘snowed under’ in the huge stream of tweets from citizens. Consequently, the tweets sent by governments were very little re-tweeted by Twitter users. The authors conclude that the Moerdijk case does not show a need for a more proactive role of governments on Twitter.


Jelle Groenendaal
Jelle Groenendaal MSc is onderzoeker bij Crisislab en promovendus aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. E-mail: j.groenendaal@crisislab.nl

Martine de Bas
Martine de Bas MSc is adviseur crisisbeheersing en veiligheid bij de gemeente Papendrecht. E-mail: EM.de.bas@papendrecht.nl

Ira Helsloot
Prof. dr. Ira Helsloot is hoogleraar Besturen van Veiligheid aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en voorzitter van stichting Crisislab. E-mail: i.helsloot@crisislab.nl
Artikel

Het gebruik van virtual reality in de veiligheidsketen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden Virtual reality, augmented reality, physical safety, integrated emergency management system
Auteurs André Groenewoud en Margrethe Kobes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Virtual reality is increasingly used in our society. Also in the field of physical safety this technique is applied. In this article we give an overview of virtual reality applications that are used in the Netherlands in this domain. This overview is divided into the five phases of the integrated emergency management system of the Netherlands. Based on international studies from other fields we try to indicate where in the near future virtual reality also can be used.
    Conclusion of this article is that virtual reality already plays an important role in the physical safety domain, especially because this technique can support the learning ability of the safety organizations in many areas. Because of constant innovation (in technique and application) that takes place, it is expected that in the future even more virtual reality applications in the field of physical safety are possible.


André Groenewoud
Drs. U.A. (André) Groenewoud is freelance onderwijskundige. E-mail: a.groenewoud@oidict.nl

Margrethe Kobes
Dr. Ing. M. (Margrethe) Kobes is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Instituut Fysieke Veiligheid (NIFV).
Artikel

Tien jaar veiligheidsonderzoek in het Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid

Weerspiegeling van een vakgebied in ontwikkeling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden safety research, security research, multidisciplinary research, Journal of Safety Studies
Auteurs Wouter Stol
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    From its beginning in 2002, the Dutch Journal of Safety Studies (JSS) has wanted to be a platform for Dutch and Belgian academic articles about all facets of safety and security. Furthermore the journal wants to be a platform for multidisciplinary articles in which safety and security issues are studied from different and complementary perspectives or academic fields.This article provides a content analysis of all 129 JSS-articles. The analysis shows that the focus of JSS is on matters of social safety (and less on the more ‘technical’ safety issues) and on the organization of safety (functioning of organizations or networks and/or the effectiveness of measures) and less on safety as such. Over the years, a few changes have taken place. (1) In the field of social safety the focus has shifted somewhat from ‘the organization of safety’ towards safety as such. (2) Although the proportion of articles from Belgium is small (5,4%), it has increased over the years. (3) Authors from Dutch universities of applied sciences have published no more than 4 articles (3,1%), the first one of which appeared in Volume 6. After some years, these authors discovered the JSS as a platform for their work.JSS covers a wide range of subjects in the field of safety and how it can be organized. Although most articles stem from criminology and/or public management, JSS contains articles from different academic fields such as criminology, communication, law, psychology, engineering, public management, medical science, etc. However, in one and the same article one does not often find a combination of really different academic perspectives, such as engineering and psychology or informatics and criminology. If the JSS aims to be a truly multidisciplinary journal, it should contain more articles of this kind over the next ten years.


Wouter Stol
Prof. dr. W.Ph. (Wouter) Stol is lector Cybersafety aan de NHL Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Politiestudies aan de Open Universiteit. E-mail: wstol@planet.nl
Boekbespreking

Risico’s en redelijkheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden book review, radical youth
Auteurs Paul Dekker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution the author reviews: Risico’s en redelijkheid. Verkenning naar een rijksbreed beoordelingskader voor de toelaatbaarheid van risico’s, by I. Helsloot, R. Pieterman & J.C. Hanekamp.


Paul Dekker
Prof. dr. P. (Paul) Dekker is hoofd van de onderzoeksgroep Participatie & Bestuur van het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (SCP) en hoogleraar Civil Society aan de Universiteit van Tilburg. E-mail: p.dekker@scp.nl.
Discussie

Reactie op ‘Meer over de kosten en baten van het openbare brandmeldsysteem’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden discussion, fire alarm system
Auteurs Ron de Wit en Ira Helsloot
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the authors debate the subject fire alarm system.


Ron de Wit
Ir. Ron de Wit is brandweerofficier en plaatsvervangend regionaal commandant brandweer in de veiligheidsregio Twente. Daarnaast is hij onderzoeker bij crisislab aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. E-mail: rac.dewit@kpnmail.nl.

Ira Helsloot
Prof. dr. Ira Helsloot is hoogleraar crisisbeheersing en fysieke veiligheid aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. E-mail: i.helsloot@fsw.vu.nl.
Discussie

Meer over de kosten en baten van het openbare brandmeldsysteem

Een reactie op het artikel ‘Openbaar brandmeldsysteem: historie, kosten en opbrengst’ in TvV 2010/4 door De Wit & Helsloot

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden discussion, fire alarm system
Auteurs Frank van Boven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the author debates the subject fire alarm system.


Frank van Boven
Ir. Frank van Boven is beleidsmedewerker bij de gemeente Capelle aan den IJssel en freelance onderzoeker. E-mail: frankvanboven@hotmail.com.
Artikel

Openbaar brandmeldsysteem: historie, kosten en opbrengst

Onderzoek naar historie, kosten en opbrengst van het openbaar brandmeldsysteem in de veiligheidsregio Twente

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden Brandmelding, Kosten-baten analyse, Veiligheidsopbrengst, Openbaar meldsysteem, Incidentrapporten
Auteurs Ron de Wit en Ira Helsloot
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Netherlands fire safety regulations require certain types of buildings to have a direct connection between the building fire alarm system and the dispatch centre of the fire brigade. These automatic fire alarm systems are mandatory for example in premises where inhabitants such as small children or elderly people have limited self-evacuation capabilites in case of fire. These automatic fire alarms aim at saving lives by a faster response of the fire brigade. However, the fast majority of these automatic alarms are false. As a result these calls constitute a considerable and undesirable drain on the fire brigade resources. These calls cause unwanted direct costs (salaries) and indirect costs (road accidents due to fire brigade mobilisation) apart from the regular maintenance costs. Up to now no data is available for the costs and benefits of the system of automatic fire alarms. This article describes the results of a study of the automatic fire alarm system in the region Twente. The yearly social costs are calculated at about € 3 million. In order to calculate the benefits all incident reports from automatic fire alarms during a period of 29 months have been investigated. In this period no call form an automatic fire alarm system has occured in which the fire brigade had to deploy its resources for a live saving or evacuation action.


Ron de Wit
Ir. Ron de Wit is brandweerofficier en plaatsvervangend regionaal commandant brandweer in de veiligheidsregio Twente. Daarnaast is hij onderzoeker bij crisislab aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. Contactadres: R.A.C. de Wit, Lansinkweg 33, 7553 AG Hengelo. E-mail: rac.dewit@kpnmail.nl.

Ira Helsloot
Prof. dr. Ira Helsloot is hoogleraar crisisbeheersing en fysieke veiligheid aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.
Artikel

De lokale voorzorgcultuur

Over de steeds verder naar voren werkende overheid in de aanpak van sociale onveiligheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden voorzorgcultuur, voorzorgprincipe, veiligheidsbeleid, preventie
Auteurs Ruth Prins en Hans Boutellier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public safety governance has been characterised in many ways. Literature mentions traditional sanctions for purposes of repression, policy programs aiming for prevention, as well as cooperation of public, private and hybrid organizations in addressing public safety problems. Very recently, a so called culture of precaution, in which problems of public safety are to be addressed at a very early – premature – stage, would have entered the scene. This potential culture of precaution is topic of this article. The article aims to indicate the empirical manifestations of a culture of precaution, as mentioned in literature, in contemporary public safety governance. The central question is as follows: to what extent and in what way is contemporary public safety governance on municipality level characterised by the precautionary principle? Five municipalities within the police region of Utrecht, varying in size from 40.000 to 300.000 citizens, have been studied; Amersfoort, Bunschoten, Utrecht, Woerden and Zeist. In total 153 measures addressing problems of public safety have been analyzed for characteristics of precaution. In order to do so, a model has been developed which locates precaution next to traditional strategies for addressing public safety. It will be demonstrated that a culture of precaution is not empirically present in public safety governance on municipality level. However, contemporary public safety governance does appear to posses some minor characteristics of the precaution paradigm.


Ruth Prins
Ruth Prins is promovendus Burgemeester en Veiligheid, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. E-mail: prins@fsw.eur.nl.

Hans Boutellier
Hans Boutellier is algemeen directeur van het Verwey-Jonker Instituut en hoogleraar Veiligheid & Burgerschap aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. E-mail: jcj.boutellier@fsw.vu.nl.
Nieuws

Burgerparticipatie bij rampen en zware ongevallen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2007
Trefwoorden slachtoffer, aanbeveling, downloaden, media, aansprakelijkheid, aanwijzing, auteur, benzine, E-mail, hulpverlener
Auteurs N. Oberijé

N. Oberijé
Artikel

Veilig vluchten bij brand in een gebouw: een kwestie van bouwtechniek of psychonomie?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2008
Trefwoorden menselijke gedraging, aansprakelijkheid, slachtoffer, bouwwerk, computer, handhaving, model, aanwijzing, hotelbedrijf, noodzakelijkheid
Auteurs M. Kobes, I. Helsloot, B. de Vries e.a.

M. Kobes

I. Helsloot

B. de Vries

J. Post
Artikel

Redzame burgers als vliegwiel voor verandering

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2008
Trefwoorden aansprakelijkheid, idee, risico, model, slachtoffer, identiteit, noodzakelijkheid, exclusiviteit, vereniging, verlies
Auteurs B. van't Padje en J. Groenendaal

B. van't Padje

J. Groenendaal
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