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Artikel

Kinderen van gedetineerde moeders

Een studie naar het gedrag en welbevinden van kinderen met een moeder in de gevangenis

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Kinderen, Gedetineerde moeders, Sociale omstandigheden
Auteurs Dr. Menno Ezinga en Drs. Sanne Hissel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Little is known about children when the mothers are imprisoned. Especially in the Netherlands, hardly any empirical research has been conducted regarding the whereabouts and psychological well-being of children with incarcerated mothers. We visited and collected data from four female prisons. Via the mothers’ consent we contacted the children and their caregivers. First, we conducted a semi-structured interview about the wellbeing of the child during the separation through detention of mother and child. Second, we asked mothers and caregivers to complete checklists of behavioral problems. The caretaking situation turned out to be diverse. Generally, the children experienced both internalizing and externalizing behavioural problems and specific problems associated with the detention of their mothers. The well-being of the children seems to be partially related with the incarceration of the mother. However, it also turned out that quite a few risk factors such as a broken home and neglect is present for the child being raised. Results are discussed as well as some recommendations for future research.


Dr. Menno Ezinga
Dr. M.A.J. Ezinga is universitair docent bij de Afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit, M.ezinga@rechten.vu.nl.

Drs. Sanne Hissel
Drs. S.C.E.M. Hissel is als promovendus verbonden aan het Phoolan Devi instituut, in een samenwerkingsverband tussen de afdeling Orthopedagogiek, de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie, en het NSCR, Shissel@nscr.nl.
Artikel

Reparatieve en herstelgerichte strafrechtspleging.

Een goed argument voor tweesporigheid in strafrechtelijk beleid?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden tweesporenbeleid, gevangenispopulaties, detentieregime, reparatief recht
Auteurs David J. Cornwell
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Just over thirty years ago now, on 12th January 1977 to be precise, Sir Anthony Bottoms presented his Inaugural Lecture as Professor of Criminology at the University of Sheffield, UK. The full text of this almost prophetic Lecture was subsequently published in the Howard Journal of Criminal Justice and reached a much wider audience. One of its central themes was the emerging tendency within British criminal justice policy to treat really serious offenders in a significantly different manner from their less serious counterparts with whom a more lenient approach might be justified. This tendency he described as penal bifurcation.There were two reasons why such an apparently logical approach might be found exceptionable: the first relates to the general principal of treating like cases similarly, and the second that the practice was proposed on the basis of the relative extent of social risk that might be claimed to differentiate serious from less serious offending. Bifurcation in both of these forms is evident in the use within some jurisdictions of extended and indeterminate sentences for public protection, and in many respects also within parole release considerations.The central proposition in relation to bifurcation within this article is, however, of a somewhat different nature. Restorative justice places considerable reliance upon offenders accepting responsibility for their offences, showing remorse for the harm done to victims in the form of genuine apology, and then making reparation either to the victim(s) directly, or to victims of crime more generally. These principles apply equally to serious and less serious offenders, though the extent of reparation should logically be greater as the crime increases in gravity.In an era of widely increasing penal populations it is apparent that these escalations result from increased severity of sentencing on the one hand, and from wider use of custody and lower thresholds for imposing it on the other. Both forms of resort to custody in sentencing are increasingly justified on the basis of public protection, and to act otherwise is perceived (and often promoted in the media) as being ‘soft on crime’. Politicians anxious to retain electoral credibility do not wish to be labelled as soft on crime, and actively seek to avoid such accusations by supporting increasingly punitive measures against offenders.One of the reasons why restorative justice has attracted only limited acceptance in the world of adult criminal justice is that it is perceived as a less punitive response to offending than the more traditional retributive punishment mode or its ‘justice model’ desert-based counterpart. In the span of this article I shall attempt to describe how, with a respectable measure of bifurcation, a model of reparative and restorative justice can be presented as a viable and optimistic alternative to the penal politics of retributive punishment and social protection. That it might bring with it the potential for reduced use of custody will be left to the reader to decide.


David J. Cornwell
David J. Cornwell is criminoloog en consulent, gespecialiseerd in gevangenisvraagstukken. Hij heeft meerdere recente boeken op zijn naam staan, waarvan de laatste The penal crisis and the Clapham Omnibus in 2009 verscheen. Het (vertaalde) artikel in dit tijdschrift maakt deel uit van het genoemde boek.
Recent en Casus

Herstelrecht en de Verenigde Naties

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 04 2005
Trefwoorden Verenigde naties, Slachtoffer, Strafrecht, Identificatie, Illegaal, Lidstaat, Misdrijf, Delegatie, Drugshandel, Financieel belang
Auteurs Van Camp, T.

Van Camp, T.
Artikel

Recidive na werkstraffen en na gevangenisstraffen

Een gematchte vergelijking

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden recidive, werkstraf, recidive na werkstraf
Auteurs Hilde Wermink, Mr. dr. Arjan Blokland, Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recidivism after a community service is compared to recidivism after imprisonment in a matched sample of adult Dutch offenders. We use longitudinal, official record data to compare recidivism over a maximum of eight years. ‘Propensity score matching’ and ‘matching by variable’ are used to take selection-effects into account. After a community service offenders turn out to recidivate less than after a prison sanction.


Hilde Wermink
H. Wermink Bsc was (voor dit artikel) junior onderzoeker, Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), Amsterdam. h.wermink@LAW.leidenuniv.nl.

Mr. dr. Arjan Blokland
Mr. dr. A.A.J. Blokland is onderzoeker, Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR). ABlokland@nscr.nl.

Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar criminologie, Universiteit Leiden. p.nieuwbeerta@law.leidenuniv.nl.

Drs. Nikolaj Tollenaar
Drs. N. Tollenaar is junior onderzoeker, Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC), Den Haag. n.tollenaar@minjus.nl.
Artikel

Onbedoelde gevolgen van vrijheidsstraffen

Een literatuurstudie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden vrijheidsstraf, detentieschade, gezondheid, sociaaleconomische positie, literatuuronderzoek
Auteurs Dr. Anja J.E. Dirkzwager, Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta en Prof. dr. Jan P.S. Fiselier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article reviews Dutch literature on collateral effects of incarceration on various life circumstances: psychological and physical health; social-economic status; well-being of partners of (ex-)prisoners; and well-being of children of (ex-)prisoners. Dutch research is predominantly descriptive and examines life circumstances of the prisoners and their family members during or just after imprisonment. Additionally, almost all Dutch studies, aiming to investigate the causal effects of incarceration on life circumstances, are characterised by methodological shortcomings, such as a lack of a longitudinal design or control groups. Therefore, it is still difficult to draw conclusions on the causal effects of imprisonment on life trajectory.


Dr. Anja J.E. Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is onderzoeker, Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), Leiden, adirkzwager@nscr.nl.

Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. P. Nieuwbeerta is senior onderzoeker, Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), Leiden en bijzonder hoogleraar, capaciteitsgroep sociologie, Universiteit Utrecht en onderzoeksschool Interuniversity Center for Social Science Theory and Methodology (ICS), pnieuwbeerta@nscr.nl.

Prof. dr. Jan P.S. Fiselier
Prof. dr. J.P.S. Fiselier is emeritus hoogleraar penologie, vakgroep strafrecht en criminologie, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, was hoofddocent criminologie/penologie, sectie straf- en procesrecht, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en tijdelijk senior onderzoeker, Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), Leiden, J.Fiselier@jur.ru.nl.
Artikel

Psychisch welbevinden van gedetineerde vrouwen in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden detentie, vrouwen, psychische gezondheid, gevangeniservaringen
Auteurs Dr. Anne-Marie Slotboom, Drs. Barbara Menting en Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Incarcerated women have specific characteristics, needs, health problems, and have different experiences and adjustment problems to prison than men. Based on a survey of 251 female inmates, this paper analyses the association between imported factors, deprivation factors and psychological complaints. Depressive complaints, irritability, and risk of self-harm were all predicted through examination of both imported and deprivation factors. Psychological problems before detention was the most significant imported factor predicting psychological complaints. The most important deprivation factors were treatment by staff and other inmates and environmental stress. Posttraumatic stress complaints were predicted only by imported factors (traumatic events and psychological problems before detention). Next to the importation and deprivation factors, this paper suggests inclusion of a third group of factors: relations with children and family, which may be an independent group of factors in addition to the factors related to the prison environment.


Dr. Anne-Marie Slotboom
Dr. M. Slotboom is universitair docent, afd. strafrecht en criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, a.slotboom@rechten.vu.nl.

Drs. Barbara Menting
B. Menting MsC is aio, afdeling ontwikkelingspsychologie, faculteit psychologie en pedagogiek, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, B.Menting@psy.vu.nl.

Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. C.C.J.H. Bijleveld is senior onderzoeker, Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), Leiden en hoogleraar methoden en technieken van criminologisch onderzoek, VU, Amsterdam, CBijleveld@nscr.nl.
Boekbespreking

Waar we misschien beter niet heel snel in volgen

Forensische psychologie over behandelen, opsluiten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2009
Auteurs Prof. dr. Stef Decoene
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Stef Decoene reviews Ik heb niets beters te doen written by C. de Ruiter and B(l)ooming Business? written by R.R.J.M. Vermeiren.


Prof. dr. Stef Decoene
Prof. dr. S. Decoene is docent forensische psychologie, vakgroep criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Stef.Decoene@vub.ac.be.
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